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Murraya koenigii

(Curry Leaf)

Overview

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Waraq Al-Kari, ورق الكاري, وَرَق الكارِي

Common Names in Assamese:

Bishahari

Common Names in Bengali:

Barsunga

Common Names in Burmese:

Pindosin, Pyim Daw Thein, Pyim Daw Thein (Pin Do Sin)

Common Names in Chinese:

Ga Li Ye, Ga Li Ye (Cantonese Kah Lee Yip), Ka Li Cai (Ga Li Cai), Ma Jiao Ye

Common Names in Czech:

Karí Lístky

Common Names in Danish:

Karry Blad

Common Names in Dutch:

Kerriebladeren

Common Names in English:

Curry Leaf, Curry Leaf Plant, Curry Leaf Tree, Curry Leaves, Curryleaf Tree, Curryleaftree, Sweet Nim

Common Names in Estonian:

Karrilehed

Common Names in French:

Arbre à Curry, Arbre à Feuilles De Curry, Calou Pilé (Réunion), Caloupilé, Carripoulé, Feuilles De Cari, Feuilles De Curry, Kalou Pilé (Réunion)

Common Names in Galician:

Follas De Curry

Common Names in German:

Curryblätter, Curryblätter

Common Names in Gujarati:

Mitha Limbdo, Mitho Limdo

Common Names in Hebrew:

Aley Kari, Ali Qari, עלי קרי

Common Names in Hindi:

Barsanga, Bursunga, Gandhela, Kadipatha, Kari Patta, Karii Pattaa, Karipatta, Kathnim, Katneem, Katnim, Kitha Neem, Meetha Neem, कथिनम, गंधेला, बरसंगा

Common Names in Hungarian:

Curry Levelek

Common Names in Icelandic:

Karrílauf

Common Names in Indonesian:

Daun Kari

Common Names in Italian:

Fogli Di Cari

Common Names in Japanese:

Ka-Re-Ri--Hu, Kare-Rihu, Na-N-Yo-U-Za-N-Si-Yo-U, Nanyouzansiyo, カレー・リーフ, ナンヨウザンショウ

Common Names in Kannada:

Kari Bevu, Karibevu, Karibevu Soppu, ಕರಿ ಬೇವು

Common Names in Korean:

Keo-Ri, Keo-Ri Ri-Peu, Keori, Keori Ripu, Kori, 커리, 커리 리프

Common Names in Lao:

Khi Be

Common Names in Laotian:

Khi Be

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Kvapioji Murėja

Common Names in Malay:

Daun Kari (Indonesia), Daun Kari Pla, Karupillam

Common Names in Malayalam:

Kareapela, Kariveppalai

Common Names in Marathi:

Kadhilimb, Karhilimb, Kudianim, कढीलिंब

Common Names in Nepalese:

Meciyaa Saag, Mitho Niim

Common Names in Norwegian:

Karriblader

Common Names in Oriya:

Basango, Bhersunga

Common Names in Portuguese:

Folhas De Caril

Common Names in Punjabi:

Bowala

Common Names in Russian:

List'â Karri, Listya Karri, Листья карри

Common Names in Sanskrit:

Girinimba, Surabhi-Nimbu, Suravi

Common Names in Sinhalese:

Karapincha

Common Names in Slovak:

Karí List

Common Names in Spanish:

Hoja, Hojas De Curry

Common Names in Swahili:

Bizari, Mchuzi

Common Names in Tagalog:

Bignay

Common Names in Tamil:

Karivepillai, Kariveppallai, Kariveppilai, Karuvapilai (Singapore), Karuveppilai, Kaṛūveppillai, கறிவேப்பிலை, கறூவேப்பிலை

Common Names in Telugu:

Karepeku, Karivepaku, Kariveppaku

Common Names in Thai:

Bai Karee, Hom Khaek, หอมแขก

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Lá Cà Ri

Description

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Family Rutaceae

The Rutaceae are herbs, shrubs , and trees with glandular punctate , commonly strongly smelling herbage comprising about 150 genera and 1,500 species that are further characterized by the common occurrence of spines and winged petioles . The leaves are alternate or opposite, simple or palmately or pinnately compound , or sometimes heathlike or reduced to spines; stipules are absent. The flowers are often sweet-scented, nearly always bisexual , and are actinomorphic or sometimes zygomorphic. The calyx consists of 3-5 distinct or basally connate sepals and the corolla consists of 3-5 distinct or sometimes connate petals or rarely the petals are lacking. The androecium consists of distinct or sometimes connate stamens that are commonly obdiplostemonous , that is in two whorls with the outer whorl opposite the petals. However, sometimes there may be (1)3-4 whorls or rarely up to 60 stamens. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of commonly 2-5 or more, often incompletely connate carpels that may be united only basally or apically, either one or an equal number of styles, and a superior ovary with usually 2-5 or more locules, each bearing 1-several axile ovules. Generally, an intrastaminal nectary disk is situated between the stamens and the ovary. The fruit is variable. -- Gerald Carr.

Physical Description

Species Murraya koenigii

Shrubs or trees , to 4 m tall. Leaves 17-31-foliolate; leaflet blades ovate , 2-5 × 0.5-2 cm, base obtuse to rounded and oblique , margin entire or crenulate . Inflorescences terminal , paniculate , many flowered. Flowers 5-merous, ellipsoid in bud. Sepals ovate, less than 1 mm. Petals white, oblanceolate to oblong , 5-7 mm. Stamens 10. Stigma capitate. Fruit bluish black, ovoid to oblong, 1-1.5 cm, 1- or 2-seeded. Seed coat membranous. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Jul-Aug. [source]

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May, June. • Flower Color: near white, white

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 15-20' tall.

Habitat

Moist forests ; 500-1600 m. [1].

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 15-20' apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 6.0

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Bergera koenigii Linnaeus • Chalcas koenigii (Linnaeus) Kurz. • Mant. Pl. 2: 555

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Murraya

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 4 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

M. exotica (Lakeview Jasmine) · M. koenigii (Curry Leaf) · M. paniculata (Orange Jessamine) · M. paniculata 'Lakeview' (Chinese Box)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 28, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. "Murraya koenigii". in Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 86, 87. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-07