Common Names in English:
, usually with essential oils-containing cavities in foliage
, and flowers. Stipules absent or small and caducous
. Leaves opposite, occasionally alternate, occasionally ternate
or pseudo-whorled; leaf blade
with secondary veins pinnate or basal, often with intramarginal veins
, margin usually entire. Inflorescences axillary
but variously arranged, 1- to many-flowered. Flowers bisexual
, sometimes polygamous, actinomorphic
. Hypanthium usually adnate
to ovary and prolonged above it. Calyx lobes
(3 or) 4 or 5 or more, distinct
into a calyptra. Petals 4 or 5, sometimes absent, distinct or connate into a calyptra, sometimes coherent and pseudocalyptrate. Stamens usually numerous
, in 1 to several whorls; filaments
distinct or connate into 5 bundles opposite petals; anthers
, dehiscing longitudinally or rarely terminally; connectives
usually terminating in 1 or more apical glands
. Ovary inferior, semi-inferior, or very rarely superior, carpels 2 to more, locules 1 to many, pseudoseptum sometimes present, placentation usually axile
but occasionally parietal
; ovules 1 to several per locule. Style single; stigma single. Fruit a capsule, berry, drupaceous
berry, or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seeds without endosperm or endosperm sparse and thin; testa cartilaginous
or thinly membranous, sometimes absent; embryo straight or curved
About 130 genera and 4500-5000 species: Mediterranean region, sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, tropical and temperate Asia, Australia, Pacific islands, tropical and South America; 10 genera (five introduced ) and 121 species (50 endemic, 32 introduced treated here) in China.
Many Myrtaceae are cultivated garden ornamentals , street trees, or plantation trees. Some members of tribe Syzygieae are grown as fruit crops. In addition to the cultivated members of the family treated here, some others grown in China include Acca sellowiana (O. Berg ) Burrett (Feijoa sellowiana (O. Berg) O. Berg), Myrtus communis Linnaeus, and Syncarpia glomulifera (Smith) Niedenzu.
Habit: Evergreen .
Flowers: Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: dark red, scarlet
Size: over 40' tall.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Order: Myrtales () - Reichenbach, 1828
- Superorder: Myrtanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003
Members of the genus Metrosideros
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 35 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
M. collina (Anume (Samoa)) · M. collina var. newellii (Vunga) · M. collina var. vitiensis (Vunga) · M. collina 'Fiji' (Fiji New Zealand Christmas Tree) · M. collina 'Springfire' (Metrosideros) · M. excelsa (Common Pohutakawa) · M. excelsa 'Gala' (Common Pohutakawa) · M. fulgens 'Gold' (Metrosideros) · M. macropus ('ohi'a) · M. polymorpha ('ohi'a) · M. polymorpha var. dieteri J.W.Dawson and Stemmerm. ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. fauriei (‘ohi‘a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. glaberrima (Levl.) St. John ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. incana (Levl.) Skottsb. ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. macrophylla (Rock) St. John ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. macrostemon (‘ohi‘a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. micrantha (‘ohi‘a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. newellii (Rock) St. John ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. polymorpha Gaud. ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. pseudorugosa Skottsb. ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. pumila (Heller) Skottsb. ('ohi'a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. sericea (‘ohi‘a Lehua) · M. polymorpha var. subimbricata (‘ohi‘a Lehua) · M. robusta (Giant Rata) · M. rugosa (Lehua-Papa) · M. thomasii (Metrosideros Springfire) · M. tremuloides (Lehua-Ahihi) · M. umbellata (Ironwood) · M. villosa (Iron-Tree) · M. villosa 'Tahiti' (Tahiti New Zealand Christmas Tree) · M. villosus 'Tahiti' (Metrosideros) · M. vitiencensis 'Fiji' (Metrosideros) · M. waialealae (Kauai Bottlebrush) · M. waialealae (Rock) Rock var. fauriei (Levl.) J.W.Dawson & Stemmerm. (Kauai Bottlebrush) · M. waialealae (Rock) Rock var. waialealae (Rock) Rock (Kauai Bottlebrush)
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- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 5843282
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-126548
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 15646230
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:598308-1
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 754456