, usually short-lived, succulent, usually conspicuously papillate
. Roots fibrous
. Stems prostrate
. Leaves basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, sessile or petiolate
; stipules absent; blade
reddish with age, flat or terete
. Inflorescences terminal
, flowers solitary or in cymes; bracts absent or 1-2, sessile or pedicellate
. Flowers showy, 4-10[-20] mm diam., tubular
; calyx lobes
(4-) 5, 2 often leaflike; petals (including petaloid
staminodia) 20-40[-150], distinct
into short tube
, white, pink, or yellowish, linear
5; stamens 30[-120]; pistil (4-) 5-carpellate; ovary half-inferior, (4-) 5-loculed, convex
; placentation axile
; stigmas (4-) 5, erect
. Fruits capsules, persistent
(4-) 5, with expanding interior keels when moistened, forming capsule lids when dried, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 100-200, black or dark [light] reddish brown [ochre
or whitish], compressed
], often with 1 straight edge
, 1 mm, smooth
to rough with minute tubercles
; arils absent.
Species 74: introduced ; s, w Africa; also introduced in Mexico, South America, Europe (Mediterranean), Asia, Atlantic Islands, Australia.
As described here, Mesembryanthemum is the narrowly delineated genus sensu H. M. L. Bolus (1928-1958, part 3, p. 164, fig. 25) .
The ability of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum and M. nodiflorum to accumulate and release salt into the surrounding soil is one mechanism by which these species dominate disturbed areas (N. J. Vivrette and C. H. Muller 1977; N. J. Vivrette 1980) .
Publishing author : Hill Publication : Hort. Kew. 155 (1768), nomen; Weston, Univ. Bot. i. 172 (1770), descr.
Members of the genus Mesembryanthemum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 4 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
- Search for Pictures: images.google.com
- Search for Scholarly Articles: Google Scholar
- Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names: All the Web | AltaVista Canada | AltaVista | Excite | Google | HotBot | Lycos
- Search using Specialized Databases: GenBank | Medline | Scirus | CISTI/CAL | Agricola Periodicals | Agricola Books
- Addisonia: colored illustrations and popular descriptions of plants. New York: New York Botanical Garden, 1916-. url p. 35.
- Cyclopedia of American horticulture, comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants sold in the United by L. H. Bailey. .. assisted by William Miller. .. and many expert cultivators and botanists. London: The Macmillan company, 1909. url p. 1007.
- The encyclopedia of gardening. A dictionary of cultivated plants, etc., giving in alphabetical sequence the culture and propagation of hardy and half-hardy plants, trees and shrubs, orchids, ferns, fruit, vegetables, hothouse and g London, W. H. & L. Collingridge url .
- Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, M.A. Ruggiero, T.M. Orrell, L.E. Paglinawan, P.W. Brewer, N. Bailly, J. van Hertum, eds (2007). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual Checklist. Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-2007. Systema Naturae 2000. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Accessed March 28, 2007.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed December 29, 2007. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from provider.
- Rhytismatales database 2006.
- The International Plant Names Index. Accessed Dec 27, 2011.
- USDA, NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 10490686
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:362873-1
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 362873-1
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 1127962