Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Tian Mu Shu
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Brazilian Arrowroot, Sweet Cassava
Common Names in French:
Ka Mannyok (Guadeloupe), Manioc Doux
Common Names in German:
Süßer Kassave, Süßer Maniok, Süsse Maniok
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Aipim, Mandioca Doce
Common Names in Spanish:
Boniato De Las Antillas (Caribbean Islands), Mandioca Dulce (Spain), Yuca Comestible, Yuca Dulce (Mexico)
The Euphorbiaceae are mostly monoecious herbs, shrubs , and trees , sometimes succulent and cactus-like, comprising one of the largest families of plants with about 300 genera and 7,500 species that are further characterized by the frequent occurrence of milky sap . The leaves are mostly alternate but may be opposite or whorled and they are simple , or compound , or sometimes highly reduced. Stipules are generally present but may be reduced to hairs , glands or spines. The flowers are unisexual and usually actinomorphic . They may be highly reduced by suppression of parts, in the extreme form consisting of a naked stamen as a male flower and a naked pistil as a female flower. A specialized type of miniature inflorescence called a cyathium occurs in about 1,500 species comprising the genera Euphorbia and Chamaesyce. The cyathium consists of a single naked pistillate flower surrounded by cymes of naked staminate flowers, each consisting of a single stamen. These flowers are all enclosed in a cup-like involucre that typically is provided with peripheral nectaries and petaloid appendages such that the whole aggregation closely resembles a single flower. In other members of the family the flowers and inflorescences are more ordinary in appearance , with male and female flowers typically bearing a 5-merous calyx and corolla of distinct segments, although the corolla is sometimes absent. In these forms the androecium most commonly consists of 5, 10 or sometimes numerous distinct or monadelphous stamens. The gynoecium of female flowers consists of a single compound pistil of typically 3 carpels, an equal number of styles or primary style branches, and a superior ovary with typically 3 locules, each bearing 1 or 2 collateral , axile-apical pendulous ovules. The fruit is usually a capsular schizocarp. -- Gerald Carr.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Order: Malpighiales () - C. Martius, 1835
- Superorder: Euphorbianae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Jatropha manihot Vell. • Jatropha palmata Vell. • Manihot dulcis var. leptopoda (Müll. Arg.) Pax • Manihot leptopoda< /i> (Müll. Arg.) D. J. Rogers & Appan • Manihot palmata var. genuina Müll. Arg. • Manihot palmata var. leptopoda Müll. Arg.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003
Members of the genus Manihot
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 17 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
M. angustiloba (Desertmountain Manihot) · M. caerulescens (Manicoba) · M. caerulescens caerulescens (Manicoba) · M. carthaginensis (Ceara Rubbertree) · M. catingae (Manicoba Brava) · M. davisiae (Arizona Manihot) · M. dichotoma (Manicoba Rubber) · M. esculenta (Bitter Cassava) · M. esculenta esculenta (Tapioca) · M. esculenta 'Variegata' (Variegated Tapioca) · M. grahamii (Graham's Manihot) · M. palmata (Brazilian Arrowroot) · M. subspicata (Spiked Manihot) · M. tristis (Manihot) · M. tristis saxicola (Manihot) · M. tristis tristis (Manihot) · M. walkerae (Walker's Manihot)
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- Bulletin of the New York Botanical Garden. Lancaster, Pa.: Published for the Garden by the New Era Printing Co., url p. 108, p. 131.
- Carnegie Institution of Washington publication. Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1902- url p. 280.
- Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 8 1903-1905 Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1890- url p. 179.
- Cyclopedia of American horticulture, comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants sold in the United by L. H. Bailey. .. assisted by William Miller. .. and many expert cultivators and botanists. London: The Macmillan company, 1909. url p. 980.
- Entomological news, and proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Philadelphia[Entomological Rooms of the Academy of Natural Sciences] url p. 327.
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- Flora of Guatemala / Paul C. Standley and Julian A. Steyermark. 24 1949 Chicago, Ill.: Chicago Natural History Museum, 1949. url p. 134.
- Guide to the Economic Museum of the New York Botanical Garden. New York, 1921. url p. 108, p. 131.
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- Liberia, by Sir Harry Johnston. With an appendix on the flora of Liberia, by Dr. Otto Stapf; 28 coloured illustrations by Sir Harry Johnston, 24 botanical drawings by Miss Matilda Smith, 402 black and white il London, Hutchinson, 1906. url p. 649.
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- Official guide to the museums of economic botany. LondonPrinted for H.M. Stationery Off., by Darling1907 url p. 187.
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- Origin of cultivated plants. New York, Appleton, 1892. url , .
- Plant names, scientific and popular, including in the case of each plant the correct botanical name in accordance with the reformed nomenclature, together with botanical and popular synonyms. .. Comp. from the most authentic sources by A. B. Lyons. Detroit, Nelson, Baker & Co., 1900. url p. 239.
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- Scientific and applied pharmacognosy, intended for the use of students in pharmacy, as a hand book for pharmacists, and as a reference book for food and drug analysts and pharmacologists. New York, Wiley, 1920. url p. 400.
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- Soil conditions and plant growth. LondonLongmans, Green1921 url p. 304.
- Sturtevant's notes on edible plants / Edited by U.P. Hedrick. Albany: J.B. Lyon, 1919. url p. 353.
- Sweet cassava: its culture, properties and uses, by Harvey W. Wiley. .. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1894. url p. 3, p. 3.
- Textbook of theoretical botany, by R. C. McLean and W. R. Ivimey-Cook. London, Longmans, Green[1951- url p. 1842.
- The agricultural and forest products of British West Africa, by Gerald C. Dudgeon. .. with a preface by Wyndham R. Dunstan. .. London, J. Murray, 1922. url p. 13, p. 172.
- The commercial products of India: being an abridgment of The dictionary of the economic products of India / by Sir George Watt; published under the authority of His Majesty's secretary of state for India in council. London: J. Murray, 1908. url p. 766.
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- The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated with colored plates, four thousand engravings in the text, and ninety-six full-page cuts. New York, Macmillan, 1919 [c1914] url p. 47.
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