Small, columnar ornamental tree from the Philippines, with large, umbrella-like leaves up to 2 feet in diameter.
Common Names in English:
Bingabing, Macaranga, Pengua
The Euphorbiaceae are mostly monoecious herbs, shrubs , and trees , sometimes succulent and cactus-like, comprising one of the largest families of plants with about 300 genera and 7,500 species that are further characterized by the frequent occurrence of milky sap . The leaves are mostly alternate but may be opposite or whorled and they are simple , or compound , or sometimes highly reduced. Stipules are generally present but may be reduced to hairs , glands or spines. The flowers are unisexual and usually actinomorphic . They may be highly reduced by suppression of parts, in the extreme form consisting of a naked stamen as a male flower and a naked pistil as a female flower. A specialized type of miniature inflorescence called a cyathium occurs in about 1,500 species comprising the genera Euphorbia and Chamaesyce. The cyathium consists of a single naked pistillate flower surrounded by cymes of naked staminate flowers, each consisting of a single stamen. These flowers are all enclosed in a cup-like involucre that typically is provided with peripheral nectaries and petaloid appendages such that the whole aggregation closely resembles a single flower. In other members of the family the flowers and inflorescences are more ordinary in appearance , with male and female flowers typically bearing a 5-merous calyx and corolla of distinct segments, although the corolla is sometimes absent. In these forms the androecium most commonly consists of 5, 10 or sometimes numerous distinct or monadelphous stamens. The gynoecium of female flowers consists of a single compound pistil of typically 3 carpels, an equal number of styles or primary style branches, and a superior ovary with typically 3 locules, each bearing 1 or 2 collateral , axile-apical pendulous ovules. The fruit is usually a capsular schizocarp. -- Gerald Carr.
Flowers: Flower Color: chartreuse, yellow-green
Size: 15-20' tall.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 11. (map)
- Chatton, 1925
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Novák ex Takht. (1967)
- Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Order: Malpighiales () - C. Martius, 1835
- Superorder: Rosanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Magnoliidae () - Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967 - Angiosperms
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Novák ex Takht. (1967)
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Acalypha mappa (L.) Willd. • Alchornea mappa (L.) Oken • Mappa moluccana Spreng. • Ricinus mappa L. • Tanarius mappa (L.) Kuntze
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003
Members of the genus Macaranga
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 4 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
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- A dictionary of the plant names of the Philippine Islands / by Elmer D. Merrill. Manila: Bureau of Public Print., 1903. url p. 33, p. 36, p. 45.
- A review of the identifications of the species described in Blanco's Flora de Filipinas, Manila, Bureau of public printing, 1905. url p. 78.
- An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants, Manila, Bureau of Printing, 1922-26. url p. 441.
- Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine Archipelago, Manila, Bureau of printing, 1910. url p. 226, p. 29, p. 319, p. 320, p. 522.
- Special report of Captain George P. Ahern. .. in charge of Forestry Bureau, Philippine Islands, covering the period from April, 1900, to July 30, 1901. Division of Insular Affairs, War Department. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1901. url p. 38.
- The Philippine journal of science. 1 1906 Manila. url , p. 238, p. 394, p. 410, p. 416, p. 422, p. 80.
- [Publications] - Bureau of Government Laboratories. Manila, Bureau of Public Printing, 1903-1906. url p. 33, p. 78.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 04, 2007:
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 3876606
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-116568
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 14256819
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:351240-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 448592
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 503636
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDEUP21010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: MAMA28
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 48722