Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Bu Gu Niao Jian Qiu Luo
Common Names in Danish:
Eng-Trævlekrone, Hanekam, Trævlekrone
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Ragged Robin, Cuckoo Flower, Meadow Campion, Ragged-Robin
Common Names in Estonian:
Common Names in Finnish:
Iokea Käenkukka, Käenkukka
Common Names in French:
Common Names in German:
Kuckuck-Lichtnelke, Kuckucksblume, Kuckucksnelke
Common Names in Hungarian:
Common Names in Icelandic:
Common Names in Italian:
Crotonella Fior Di Cuculo, Femerone, Margaritine Rosse, Violine Da Prato
Common Names in Norwegian:
Common Names in Polish:
Common Names in Slovak:
Common Names in Spanish:
Flor Del Cuclillo
Common Names in Swedish:
, rarely subshrubs
. Stems and branches usually swollen at nodes. Leaves opposite, decussate, rarely alternate or verticillate
, entire, usually connate
; stipules scarious
, or often absent. Inflorescence of cymes or cymose
panicles, rarely flowers solitary or few in racemes
, capitula, pseudoverticillasters, or umbels. Flowers actinomorphic
, rarely unisexual
, occasionally cleistogamous
. Sepals (4 or) 5, free
, imbricate, or connate into a tube
, leaflike or scarious, persistent
, sometimes bracteate
below calyx. Petals (4 or) 5, rarely absent, free, often comprising claw
and limb; limb entire or split, usually with coronal scales
at juncture of claw and limb. Stamens (2--) 5--10, in 1 or 2 series. Pistil 1; carpels 2--5, united
into a compound
ovary. Ovary superior, 1-loculed or basally imperfectly 2--5-loculed. Gynophore
present or absent. Placentation free, central, rarely basal; ovules (1 or) few or numerous
, campylotropous. Styles (1 or) 2--5, sometimes united at base. Fruit usually a capsule, with pericarp crustaceous
, scarious, or papery
, dehiscing by teeth or valves
1 or 2 Ã— as many as styles, rarely berrylike with irregular dehiscence or an achene. Seeds 1 to numerous, reniform
, or rarely dorsiventrally compressed
, abaxially grooved
, or sharply pointed
, rarely fimbriate-pectinate; testa granular
, rarely smooth
; embryo strongly curved
and surrounding perisperm
or straight but eccentric
; perisperm mealy.
Between 75 and 80 genera and ca. 2000 species: widespread but mainly of temperate or warm-temperate occurrence in the N hemisphere, with principal centers of distribution in the Mediterranean region and W Asia to W China and the Himalayas, fewer species in Africa S of the Sahara, America, and Oceania; 30 genera (two endemic) and 390 species (193 endemic) in China.
Arenaria, Silene, and Stellaria contain over half the species in the family in China. They are mostly concentrated in the Qinghai-Xizang plateau , and are especially rich from the Hengduan Mountains to the Himalayas. The main uses of this family are medicinal and ornamental . Dianthus superbus, Pseudostellaria heterophylla, Stellaria dichotoma var. lanceolata, and Vaccaria hispanica are commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine . Some species of Arenaria, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Psammosilene, and Silene are used as medicinal herbs among the people or are habitually used in local Chinese medicine. Many species of Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, and Silene are grown as ornamentals. Atocion armeria (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ( Silene armeria Linnaeus), native to Russia and Europe, is also cultivated in China. It differs from Silene in having a corymbose inflorescence and obscure calyx veins. Wu Cheng-yih, Ke Ping, Zhou Li-hua, Tang Chang-lin & Lu De-quan. 1996. Caryophyllaceae. In: Tang Chang-lin, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 26: 47â€“449.
Herbs biennial or perennial
. Stems erect
. Leaves lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, apex acute. Inflorescence a dichasium or flower solitary. Calyx tubular
to narrowly funnel-shaped or narrowly campanulate
, usually not inflated
, 10-veined, with 5 teeth. Petals 5, long clawed, limb white, pink, or red, entire, bifid, 4-fid, or laciniate
; coronal scales
. Stamens 10. Ovary 1-loculed; ovules numerous
; styles 5, opposite calyx teeth, their bases
in fruit. Capsule septicidally dehiscing with 5 teeth. Seeds numerous, reniform
, minute, ± tuberculate
About 25 species: temperate Africa, Asia, and Europe; six species in China.
Recently, Greuter (in Taxon 44: 543-581. 1995) placed Lychnis into the synonymy of Silene . However, Oxelman et al. (in Nordic J. Bot. 20: 513-518. 2001) showed that it is possible to retain Lychnis and several other genera (e.g. , Atocion ) as separate from Silene in a taxonomy that is consistent with both the ability to diagnose taxa and solid, molecular-phylogenetic hypotheses. Some species, traditionally included in Lychnis, belong in Silene .
Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May. • Flower Color: magenta, pink
Size: 12-18" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,840 meters (0 to 6,037 feet).
Culture: Space 15-18" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Perleb, 1826
- Suborder: Caryophyllineae () -
- Order: Caryophyllales () - Perleb, 1826
- Superorder: Caryophyllanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Caryophyllidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Coronaria flos-cuculi (L.) A. Braun • Silene flos-cuculi (L.) Greuter and Burdet
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Lychnis
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 42 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
L. alpina (Alpine Campion) · L. alpina var. albiflora (Red Alpine Campion) · L. alpina var. alpina (Red Alpine Campion) · L. alpina var. americana (American Campion) · L. baccifera (Berry Catchfly) · L. chalcedonica (Jerusalem Cross) · L. chalcedonica 'Alba' (Jerusalem Cross) · L. chalcedonica 'Burning Love' (Burning Love Campion) · L. chalcedonica 'Carnea' (Jerusalem Cross) · L. chalcedonica 'Dusky Salmon' (Jerusalem Cross) · L. chalcedonica 'Morgenrot' (Jerusalem Cross) · L. chalcedonica 'Summer Sparkle' (Jerusalem Cross) · L. coronaria (Bloody Mary) · L. coronaria 'Alba' (Bloody Mary) · L. coronaria 'Angel's Blush' (Angel's Blush Bloody Mary) · L. coronaria 'Blushing Bride' (Bloody Mary) · L. coronaria 'Dancing Ladies' (Bloody Mary) · L. coronaria'Gardeners World' (Bloody William) · L. coronaria 'Hutchinson's Cream' (Bloody William) · L. coronaria 'Oculata Group' (Bloody Mary) · L. coronata (Large-Flowered Lychnis) · L. flos-cuculi (Ragged Robin) · L. flos-cuculi 'Jenny' (Jenny Ragged Robin) · L. flos-cuculi 'Nana' (Dwarf Ragged Robin) · L. flos-culculi (Ragged Robin) · L. flos-jovis (Flower of Jove) · L. flos-jovis 'Nana' (Flower of Jove) · L. fulgens (Brilliant Campion) · L. githago (Common Corncockle) · L. miqueliana (Fushigorosen-So) · L. officinalis (Bouncingbet Soapweed) · L. sieboldii (Catchfly) · L. viscaria (Clammy Campion) · L. viscaria alpina (Clammy Campion) · L. viscaria 'Alba' (German Catchfly) · L. viscaria 'Splendens Plena' (Catchfly) · L. x arkwrightii (Arkwrights Campion) · L. x arkwrightii 'Orange Gnome' (Arkwrights Campion) · L. x arkwrightii 'Vesuvius' (Arkwrights Campion) · L. x haageana 'Lumina Mix' (Silene) · L. x haageana 'Molten Lava' (Maltese Cross) · L. yunnanensis (Lychnis)
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- , Botany
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- , Plants
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- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2646593
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-20309
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 5347612
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:155082-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 411830
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 20309
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDCAR0F040
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: SIFL5
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 32577
- Dequan Lu, Zhengyi Wu, Lihua Zhou, Shilong Chen, Michael G. Gilbert, Magnus Lidén, John McNeill, John K. Morton, Bengt Oxelman, Richard K. Rabeler, Mats Thulin, Nicholas J. Turland & Warren L. Wagner "Caryophyllaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 6 Page 1. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Lu Dequan, Magnus Lidén, Bengt Oxelman "Lychnis". in Flora of China Vol. 6 Page 100. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 121.970 meters (400.164 feet), Standard Deviation = 152.230 based on 20,000 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]