Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Kuan Ye Du Xing Cai
Common Names in English:
Broad-Leaf Pepper-Grass, Broad-Leaf Peppergrass, Broad-Leaf Pepperweed, Broad-Leaf Pepperwort, Broad-Leaved Pepper-Grass, Broad-Leaved Pepperweed, Broadleaf Pepperweed, Broadleaved Peppergrass, Broadleaved Pepperweed, Dittander Lepidium Latifolium, Peppergrass, Peppergrass Mustard, Perennial Pepper-Grass (Canada), Perennial Peppercress, Perennial Peppergrass, Perennial Pepperweed, Perennial Pepperwort, Tall Whitetop, Virginia Pepperweed
Common Names in French:
Grande Passerage, Lépidie à Feuilles Larges (Canada)
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Spanish:
Lepidio, Mastuerzo Montesino, Piperisa
, biennial, or perennial
, sometimes subshrubs
, rarely shrubs
absent or simple
. Stems erect
, sometimes creeping
, simple or branched basally and/or apically. Basal leaves
rosulate or not, simple, entire or pinnately dissected
. Cauline leaves petiolate
or sessile, base
cuneate, attenuate, auriculate
, or amplexicaul
, or dissected. Racemes
, elongated or not in fruit. Fruiting pedicels terete
, flattened, or winged
, erect or divaricate
. Sepals ovate
, rarely orbicular
, base of lateral
pair not saccate
. Petals white, yellow, or pink, erect or spreading
, sometimes rudimentary
or absent; blade
, oblong, oblanceolate
, orbicular, linear
, or filiform
, apex obtuse
, or emarginate
absent or distinct
. Stamens 2 and median
, sometimes 6 and tetradynamous
, rarely 4 and all median or 2 median and 2 lateral; anthers
ovate or oblong. Nectar glands 4 or 6, distinct; median glands always present. Ovules 2 per ovary; placentation apical. Fruit dehiscent silicles
, oblong, ovate, obovate, cordate, obcordate
, or orbicular, strongly angustiseptate; valves
veinless or prominently veined, keeled
or not, apically winged or wingless; replum rounded; septum complete
or perforated, membranous; style absent, obsolete
, or distinct, included
or exserted from apical notch
of fruit; stigma capitate, entire or rarely 2-lobed. Seeds 1 per locule, winged, margined
, or wingless, oblong or ovate, plump or flattened; seed coat
, minutely reticulate
, or papillate
, usually copiously mucilaginous
when wetted; cotyledons incumbent
, rarely accumbent
About 180 species: all continents except Antarctica; 16 species (two endemic, two introduced ) in China.
Species Lepidium latifolium
, (20-) 35-120(-150) cm tall. Stems erect
, many branched
above, slightly woody at base
, often glaucous.
Leaves leathery; petiole
of basal and lower cauline leaves 1-7(-11)
cm; leaf blade
elliptic-ovate or oblong
, (2-) 3.5-15(-25) ×
(0.5-) 1.5-5(-8) cm, glabrous or pubescent with usually curved
base attenuate, margin
usually serrate, apex obtuse
Upper cauline leaves subsessile
or sessile; leaf blade elliptic-ovate,
oblong, or lanceolate, 1-9 × 0.3-4.5 cm, base cuneate, not
, margin serrate or entire, apex acute. Infructescence
. Fruiting pedicels slender,
2-5(-6) mm, glabrous or rarely pubescent. Sepals deciduous, oblong
, 1-1.4 × 0.8-0.9 mm, glabrous or pubescent,
white at margin and apex. Petals white, obovate
, 1.8-2.5 ×
(0.8-) 1-1.3 mm, apex rounded
Stamens 6; filaments
0.9-1.4 mm; anthers
, 0.4-0.5 mm. Fruit oblong-elliptic, ovate-elliptic,
or suborbicular, (1.6-) 1.8-2.4(-2.7) × 1.3-1.8 mm, pubescent
or glabrous, not carinate
, wingless, base rounded; apical notch
; style obsolete. Seeds light brown, oblong-ovate, (0.8-)
1-1.3 × 0.7-0.9 mm, compressed
, wingless, finely papillate
May-Sep, fr. Jun-Oct. 2n = 24. [source]
The above first record from Sichuan is based on Martin s.n., 30 May 1890 (LE). Forms with subsessile leaves and pubescent fruit are recognized as Lepidium latifolium subsp. or var. latifolium, whereas those with sessile leaves and glabrous fruit have variously been recognized as L. affine, L. latifolium var. affine, and L. latifolium subsp. sibiricum. However, such distinction is artificial, as plants with glabrous and pubescent fruit are often found in the same population. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: near white, white
Size: 36-48" tall.
Fields , roadsides, slopes , saline meadows; 100-4300 m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 5,271 meters (0 to 17,293 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Ranunculanae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Cardaria draba chalapensis (L.) O. E. Schulz • Cardaria draba var. repens (Schrenk) O. E. Schulz • L. latifolium affine (Ledebour) Kitagawa • L. latifolium sibiricum Thellung • L. latifolium var. affine (Ledebour) C. A. Meyer • L. sibiricum Schweigger (1812) • Lepidium affine Ledebour • Lepidium lasiocarpum latifolium L. • Lepidium repens (Schrenk) Boiss.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 2009
Members of the genus Lepidium
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 142 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
L. africanum (African Pepperwort) · L. alyssoides (Mesa Pepperwort) · L. alyssoides Gray var. alyssoides Gray (Mesa Pepperwort) · L. alyssoides Gray var. eastwoodiae (Woot.) Rollins (Eastwood's Pepperweed) · L. alyssoides Gray var. junceum Rollins (Mesa Pepperwort) · L. alyssoides var. alyssoides (Mesa Pepperwort) · L. alyssoides var. angustifolium (Mesa Pepperwort) · L. alyssoides var. eastwoodiae (Eastwood's Pepperweed) · L. alyssoides var. junceum (Mesa Pepperwort) · L. angustifolium (Lepidium Alyssoides Var. Angus) · L. appelianum (Globe-Podded Hoary Cress) · L. arbuscula (Waianae Range Pepperwort) · L. aucheri (Aucher's Pepper-Grass) · L. austrinum (Southern Peppergrass) · L. barnebyanum (Barneby Pepper Grass) · L. bidentatum (Double-Tooth Pepper-Grass) · L. aucheri (Kunana Pepperwort) · L. bidentatum Morton var. remyi (Drake) Fosberg (Remy's Pepperweed) · L. bidentatum var. owaihiense (Kunana Pepperwort) · L. bidentatum var. remyi (Remy's Pepperweed) · L. bonariense (Argentine Pepperweed) · L. campestre (Cream-Anther Field Pepperwort) · L. crenatum (Alkalai Pepperweed) · L. davisii (Davis Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum (Common Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. densiflorum (Miner's Pepperwort) · L. densiflorum var. elongatum (Common Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. elongatum (Rydb.) Thell. (Tall Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. macrocarpum (Bigseed Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. macrocarpum Mulligan (Bigseed Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. pubecarpum (Babyseed Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. pubecarpum (A.Nelson) Thell. (Babyseed Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. ramosum (Miner's Pepperweed) · L. densiflorum var. ramosum (A.Nelson) Thell. (Miner Pepperweed) · L. dictyotum (Alkali Pepperweed) · L. dictyotum Gray var. acutidens Gray (Alkali Pepperwort) · L. dictyotum Gray var. dictyotum Gray (Alkali Pepperweed) · L. dictyotum var. acutidens (Alkali Pepperwort) · L. dictyotum var. dictyotum (Alkali Pepperweed) · L. draba draba (Globed-Podded Hoarycress Or Whitetop) · L. flavum (Yellow Pepper-Grass) · L. flavum Torr. var. felipense C.L.Hitchc. (Yellow Pepperweed) · L. flavum Torr. var. flavum Torr. (Yellow Pepperweed) · L. flavum var. felipense (Yellow Pepperweed) · L. flavum var. flavum (Yellow Pepperweed) · L. fremontii (Desert Pepperweed) · L. fremontii var. fremontii (Desert Pepperweed) · L. fremontii var. stipitatum (Desert Pepperweed) · L. fremontii var. stipitatum Rollins (Desert Pepperweed) · L. graminifolium (Grass-Leaf Pepper-Grass) · L. heterophyllum (Purple Anther Field Pepperweed) · L. hirtum (Mediterranean Pepperweed) · L. huberi (Huber's Pepperweed) · L. hyssopifolium (Hyssopleaf Pepperweed) · L. integrifolium (Thick-Leaf Pepperwort) · L. integrifolium var. heterophyllum (Thickleaf Pepperweed) · L. integrifolium var. heterophyllum S.Watson (Thickleaf Pepperweed) · L. integrifolium var. integrifolium (Thickleaf Pepperweed) · L. integrifolium var. integrifolium Nutt. (Thickleaf Pepperweed) · L. jaredii (Jared Peppergrass) · L. jaredii album (Jared Peppergrass) · L. jaredii jaredii (Jared Peppergrass) · L. jaredii subsp. album (Panoche Pepperweed) · L. lasiocarpum (Hairy-Pod Pepper-Grass) · L. lasiocarpum lasiocarpum (Hairy-Pod Pepperwort) · L. lasiocarpum var. lasiocarpum (Shaggyfruit Pepperweed) · L. lasiocarpum var. wrightii (Wrights Pepperweed) · L. lasiocarpum wrightii (Wright Pepperweed) · L. latifolium (Broad-Leaf Pepper-Grass) · L. latipes (Dwarf Peppergrass) · L. latipes Hook. var. heckardii Rollins (Heckard's Pepperweed) · L. latipes var. heckardii (Heckard's Pepperweed) · L. latipes var. latipes (San Diego Pepperweed) · L. meyenii (Maca) · L. montanum (Montana Pepperweed) · L. montanum subsp. canescens (Gray Pepperweed) · L. montanum canescens var. canescens (Mountain Pepper-Plant) · L. montanum subsp. cinereum (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. alpinum (Alpine Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. canescens (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. cinereum (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. claronense (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. claronense Welsh (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. coloradense (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. glabrum (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. glabrum C.L.Hitchc. (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. jonesii (Jones' Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. jonesii (Rydb.) C.L.Hitchc. (Jones Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. montanum (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. montanum Nutt. (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. neeseae (Elizabeth's Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. neeseae Welsh & Reveal (Elizabeth's Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. nevadense (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. nevadense Rollins (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. tenellum (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. tenellum (L.O.Williams) C.L.Hitchc. (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. wyomingense (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. montanum var. wyomingense (C.L.Hitchc.) C.L.Hitchc. (Mountain Pepperweed) · L. nanum (Dwarf Pepperweed) · L. nitidum (Common Peppergrass)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 18, 2007:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Berkeley Natural History Museums, University and Jepson Herbaria DiGIR provider
- Bundesamt für Naturschutz / Zentralstelle für Phytodiversität Deutschland, Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain, Aranzadi Zientzi Elkartea
- GBIF-Spain, CIBIO, Alicante:ABH-GBIF
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Herbario Universidad de Málaga: MGC-Cormófitos
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Univ. Herbarium SALAMANCA: SALA
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Oviedo. Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas: FCO
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad del País Vasco/EHU, Bilbao: Herbario BIO
- GBIF-Spain, Universitat de Girona: HGI-Cormophyta
- Herbario SANT, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, SANT herbarium vascular plant collection
- Israel Nature and Parks Authority, Israel Nature and Parks Authority
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plants, Field notes, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, The Deaver Herbarium, Northern Arizona University
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Washington Burke Museum, Vascular Plant Collection - University of Washington Herbarium
- Utah State University, USU-UTC Specimen Database
- Utah Valley State College
- , Utah Valley State College Herbarium
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn, inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2667781
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Mus-2598
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 3027485
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:286262-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 21765
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 503379
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDBRA1M0J0
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: LELA2
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 27861
- "Lepidium". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 28. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Lepidium latifolium". in Flora of China Vol. 8 Page 30. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 229.730 meters (753.707 feet), Standard Deviation = 481.650 based on 2,063 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]