Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Czech:
Hluchavka Nachová, Hluchavka Purpurová
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Paarse Dovenetel, Purperen Dovenetel
Common Names in English:
Dead Nettle, Hybrid Deadnettle, Purple Dead Nettle, Purple Dead-Nettle, Purple Deadnettle, Red Archangel, Red Dead Nettle, Red Dead-Nettle, Red Deadnettle
Common Names in French:
Consoude Tubéreuse, Lamier Pourpre, Lamier Rouge, Ortie Morte, Ortie Puante, Ortie Rouge, Pain De Poulet
Common Names in German:
Purpur-Taubnessel, Purpurrot Taubnessel, Rote Taubnessel
Common Names in Hungarian:
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Portuguese:
. Stem leaf blades
circular or reniform
to ovate-lanceolate, margin
or dentate-serrate. Verticillasters
leaves similar, much longer
than verticillasters; bracts ± linear
, early deciduous. Calyx tubular-campanulate to campanulate
, 5- or 10-veined, ± hairy
or regular; teeth 5, subequal
, as long as or longer than tube
. Corolla purple-red, reddish, yellowish, to dirty white, 2-lipped, 2(-3) × as long as calyx, hairy outside; tube straight or incurved
or widened above annulus, subsaccate; upper lip erect
, ± galeate
; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed; middle
, emarginate or 2-lobed; lateral
lobes semicircular, margin crenate or dentate
. Stamens 4, hairy, anterior 2 longer, ascending
upper lip; anther
. Ovary lobes apically truncate
, sometimes with a membranous margin. Style apex subequally 2-cleft.
About 40 species: Africa, Asia, Europe, introduced in North America.
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February. • Flower Color: lavender, violet
Size: 6-12" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,500 meters (0 to 8,202 feet).
Culture: Space 15-18" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lamianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Lamium
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 36 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
L. album (White Dead Nettle Lamium Album) · L. amplexicaule (Common Deadnettle) · L. confertum (Garden Henbit) · L. galeobdolon montanum 'Florentinum' (Yellow Archangel) · L. galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride' (Hermann's Pride Deadnettle) · L. galeobdolon 'Petit Point' (Archangel) · L. galeobdolon 'Silver Spangles' (Yellow Archangel) · L. galeobdolon 'Variegatum' (Variegated Yellow Archangel) · L. garganicum (Lamium Lamium Garganicum) · L. hybridum (Cut-Leaved Dead-Nettle) · L. maculata'Golden Anniversary' (Golden Anniversary Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Album' (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Anne Greenaway' (Anne Greenaway Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Aureum' (Aureum Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Beacon Silver' (Beacon Silver Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Beedham's White' (Beedhams White Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Cannon's Gold' (Cannons Gold Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Chequers' (Chequers Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Elisabeth De Haas' (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Friday' (Friday Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Golden Anniversary' (Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Orchid Frost' (Orchid Frost Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Pink Chablis' (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Pink Nancy' (Spotted Henbit) · L. maculatum 'Pink Pewter' (Pink Pewter Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Purple Dragon' (Purple Dragon Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Red Nancy' (Red Nancy Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Shell Pink' (Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'White Nancy' (White Nancy Dead Nettle) · L. moschatum (Musky Deadnettle) · L. orvala (Balm-Leaved Red Deadnettle) · L. purpureum (Dead Nettle) · L. purpureum var. incisum (Purple Deadnettle) · L. purpureum var. purpureum (Purple Deadnettle) · L. tomentosum (Creeping Deadnettle)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 15, 2007:
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain, Institut Botanic de Barcelona, BC
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Oviedo. Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas: FCO
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655169
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-32543
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481042
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:50289-3
- GRIN Nomen Number: 21419
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 32543
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDLAM0R060
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: LAPUP
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 45200
- "Lamium". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 157. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 131.880 meters (432.677 feet), Standard Deviation = 169.280 based on 20,000 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]