Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Czech:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Spotted Dead Nettle, Spotted Dead-Nettle, Spotted Deadnettle, Spotted Henbit, Spotted Nettle
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Lamier à Feuilles Maculées, Lamier Maculé, Lamier Rouge, Lamier Taché, Lamier Tacheté, Ortie Rouge
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Hungarian:
Common Names in Japanese:
Deddo Nettoru, Pinkupaaru, Ramiumu Pinkupaaru
. Stem leaf blades
circular or reniform
to ovate-lanceolate, margin
or dentate-serrate. Verticillasters
leaves similar, much longer
than verticillasters; bracts ± linear
, early deciduous. Calyx tubular-campanulate to campanulate
, 5- or 10-veined, ± hairy
or regular; teeth 5, subequal
, as long as or longer than tube
. Corolla purple-red, reddish, yellowish, to dirty white, 2-lipped, 2(-3) × as long as calyx, hairy outside; tube straight or incurved
or widened above annulus, subsaccate; upper lip erect
, ± galeate
; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed; middle
, emarginate or 2-lobed; lateral
lobes semicircular, margin crenate or dentate
. Stamens 4, hairy, anterior 2 longer, ascending
upper lip; anther
. Ovary lobes apically truncate
, sometimes with a membranous margin. Style apex subequally 2-cleft.
About 40 species: Africa, Asia, Europe, introduced in North America.
Species Lamium maculatum
Herbs perennial . Stems 30-50 cm tall, sparsely white pubescent , hollow. Petiole slender, 1.5-3 cm; stem leaf blades ovate , 2.5-5 × 1.5-3 cm, herbaceous, appressed hirtellous, abaxially glandular punctate , base subtruncate to broadly cuneate, margin coarsely incurved serrate, apex caudate-acuminate. Verticillasters 8-12-flowered; bracts linear , 2-3 mm, ciliate . Calyx campanulate , ca. 1 cm × 3.5 mm, 5-ribbed, glabrous except for hirsute veins; teeth subequal , straight or spreading , linear-lanceolate, 5-6 mm, margin ciliate, apex long aristate . Corolla purple, 1.8-2.5 cm; tube ca. 2 mm wide at base, pilose outside, densely so on upper lip, hairy annulate and puberulent inside; upper lip straight, oblong , ca. 7 mm, narrowed and slightly curved at base, margin undulate; lateral lobes of lower lip shallowly semicircular, each with a marginal tooth 1-1.5 mm. Anthers dark purple. Ovary lobes glabrous, with a membranous margin at apex. Fl. Jul-Aug. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May, June. • Flower Color: lavender, near white, pink, violet, white
Size: 6-12" tall.
Hill tops, valleys; 2400-2700 m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,500 meters (0 to 8,202 feet).
Culture: Space 9-12" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 7.6 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Partial to Full Shade.
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lamianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Lamium Album Maculatum • Lamium album var. maculatum L. • Lamium maculatum var. kansuense C. Y. Wu & Hsuan.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Lamium
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 36 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
L. album (White Dead Nettle Lamium Album) · L. amplexicaule (Common Deadnettle) · L. confertum (Garden Henbit) · L. galeobdolon montanum 'Florentinum' (Yellow Archangel) · L. galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride' (Hermann's Pride Deadnettle) · L. galeobdolon 'Petit Point' (Archangel) · L. galeobdolon 'Silver Spangles' (Yellow Archangel) · L. galeobdolon 'Variegatum' (Variegated Yellow Archangel) · L. garganicum (Lamium Lamium Garganicum) · L. hybridum (Cut-Leaved Dead-Nettle) · L. maculata'Golden Anniversary' (Golden Anniversary Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Album' (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Anne Greenaway' (Anne Greenaway Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Aureum' (Aureum Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Beacon Silver' (Beacon Silver Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Beedham's White' (Beedhams White Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Cannon's Gold' (Cannons Gold Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Chequers' (Chequers Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Elisabeth De Haas' (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Friday' (Friday Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Golden Anniversary' (Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Orchid Frost' (Orchid Frost Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Pink Chablis' (Spotted Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Pink Nancy' (Spotted Henbit) · L. maculatum 'Pink Pewter' (Pink Pewter Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Purple Dragon' (Purple Dragon Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Red Nancy' (Red Nancy Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'Shell Pink' (Dead Nettle) · L. maculatum 'White Nancy' (White Nancy Dead Nettle) · L. moschatum (Musky Deadnettle) · L. orvala (Balm-Leaved Red Deadnettle) · L. purpureum (Dead Nettle) · L. purpureum var. incisum (Purple Deadnettle) · L. purpureum var. purpureum (Purple Deadnettle) · L. tomentosum (Creeping Deadnettle)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Herbarium Willing
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Flora of the Stołowe Mts.
- NLBIF, Limnodata
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum - Herbarium GJO, Herbarium GJO
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655168
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-32541
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481042
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:448886-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 400264
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 32541
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDLAM0R040
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: LAMA
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 45199
- "Lamium". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 157. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Lamium maculatum". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 158. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 158.130 meters (518.799 feet), Standard Deviation = 179.860 based on 5,203 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]