Shrub from India, with sweet-scented white flowers in single (pikake lahilahi), or double forms (pikake pupupu).
- Widely cultivated for its very fragrant flowers that are used in tea flavoring and in perfumes. The flowers and leaves are also medicinal. [source]
- Made into leis and perfume. A single lei strand takes about 80 flowers. In a good season a bush may yield up to 36 strands. The flowers are also used to flavor jasmine tea. National flower of the Philippines.
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Mo Li Hua
Common Names in English:
Arabian Jasmine, Asian Jasmine, Asiatic Jasmine, Pikake, Sacred Jasmine, Sambac Jasmine, Zambak
Common Names in French:
Common Names in Hindi:
Bel, Moghra, Motia, बेल, मोघरा, मोिटया
Common Names in Italian:
Gesimino D'arabia, Mugherine
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Spanish:
Jazmín De Arabia
Common Names in Tamil:
. Branches and branchlets
. Leaves opposite, rarely alternate or whorled
, or pinnately compound
, without stipules; venation
pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal
, in cymes, panicles, racemes
, umbels, or fascicles. Flowers actinomorphic
, rarely unisexual
or polygamous and plants
monoecious, dioecious, or polygamodioecious. Calyx 4(-16) -lobed or -parted, rarely absent. Corolla 4(-16) -lobed, sometimes almost free
, rarely absent; lobes
in pairs at base or into a very short tube
. Stamens 2(-4), inserted
on corolla tube or hypogynous; anthers
dehiscing longitudinally; pollen 3-colpate or 3-colporate. Ovary superior, 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each locule, sometimes 1 or numerous
. Style 1 or absent; stigma 2-lobed or capitate. Fruit a drupe, berry, capsule, or samara. Seeds with straight embryo, with or without endosperm; radicle curved
upward or downward.
About 28 genera and over 400 species: tropical , subtropical , and temperate regions of world, but mainly in Asia. China has 10 genera and 160 species (95 endemic) and is the center of diversity for the genera Forsythia, Syringa, Osmanthus, and Ligustrum.
Many genera are important economically: Fraxinus and Forsythia (medicinal, ornamental ) ; Jasminum, Osmanthus, and Syringa (spice, ornamental) ; Olea (oil ) ; and Fraxinus (timber) .
or deciduous. Branchlets
or angular and grooved
. Leaves opposite or alternate, rarely whorled
, 3-foliolate, or odd-pinnate; petiole
usually articulated. Inflorescences basically cymose
, in panicles, racemes
, corymbs, umbels, or heads
; bracts subulate
, sometimes leafy. Flowers bisexual
, usually heterostylous, usually fragrant. Calyx campanulate
, cupular, or funnelform
, 4-16-lobed. Corolla white or yellow, rarely red or purple, salverform
or funnelform; lobes
4-16, imbricate in bud, sometimes doubled in cultivation. Stamens 2, included
of corolla tube
. Ovules 1 or 2 in each locule. Style filiform
; stigma capitate or 2-lobed. Fruit a berry, didymous
or one half aborted. Seeds without endosperm; radicle downward.
More than 200 species: Africa, Asia, Australia, South Pacific Islands, one species in the Mediterranean region; 43 species in China.
Species Jasminum sambac
Shrubs erect or scandent , to 3 m. Branchlets terete or slightly compressed , sometimes hollow, sparsely pubescent . Leaves opposite, simple ; petiole 2-6 mm, articulate , pubescent; leaf blade orbicular to elliptic or obovate , 4-12.5 × 2-7.5 cm, papery , glabrous except for tufted hairs at vein axils abaxially, both ends blunt , sometimes base subcordate ; primary veins 4-6 on each side of midrib . Cymes terminal , (1 or) 3(or 5) -flowered; bracts subulate , 4-8 mm. Flowers very fragrant. Pedicel 0.3-2 cm. Calyx glabrous or sparsely pubescent; lobes 8-9, linear , 5-7 mm. Corolla white; tube 0.7-1.5 cm; lobes oblong to suborbicular , 5-9 mm broad. Berry purple-black, globose , ca. 1 cm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 26*. [source]
Habit: Vine , Shrub
Flowers: Very fragrant white flowers. Blooms June, July, August, September. Jasmine tea is made from the blossoms . • Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: near white, white
Size: 8-10' tall.
Typically found in the intertidal zone at the water's edge at a mean distance from sea level of -6.75 meters (-22.15 feet).
Culture: Space 6-9" apart.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Outdoors: partial sun. Indoors: partial to full sun .
Moisture: Water Requirements: Water regularly spring through fall , less in fall and winter.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Oleanae () - (Lindley, 1833) Takhtajan, 1997
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Nyctanthes sambac Linnaeus
: [Soland.] Publication
: Hortus Kew. (W. Aiton)
1: 8 1789
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Jasminum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 39 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
J. adenophyllum (Bluegrape Jasmine) · J. aemulum (Malulee) · J. angulare (South African Jasmine) · J. beesianum (Beesianum Jasmine) · J. dichotomum (Everblooming Jasmine) · J. elongatum (Ear-Leaf Jasmine) · J. floridum (Florida Yellow Jasmine) · J. fluminense (Azores Jasmine) · J. fruticans (Shrubby Jasmine) · J. humile (Italian Yellow Jasmine) · J. humile f. wallichianum (Dr. Wallichs Nipal Jasmine) · J. humile var. revolutum (Italian Jasmine) · J. laurifolium f. nitidum (Confederate Jasmine) · J. mesnyi (Chinese Jasmine) · J. molle (Indian Jui) · J. multiflorum (Angel Hair Jasmine) · J. nitidum (Angel Wing Jasmine) · J. nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine) · J. nudiflorum 'Mystique' (Winter Jasmine) · J. odoratissimum (Florida Jasmine) · J. officinale (Poet's Jasmine) · J. officinale 'Argenteovariegatum' (Variegated Jasmine) · J. officinale 'Fiona Sunrise' (Poets Jasmine) · J. officinale 'Grandiflorum' (Spanish Jasmine) · J. parkeri (Dwarf Flowering Jasmine) · J. polyanthum (French Perfume) · J. rex (Jasminum Rex) · J. sambac (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac var. kerianum (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac var. nemocalyx (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Belle of India' (Asiatic Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Grand Duke' (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Grand Duke of Tuscany' (Asiatic Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Maid of India' (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Maid of Orleans' (Asiatic Jasmine) · J. simplicifolium (Wax Jasmine) · J. simplicifolium suavissimum (Jasmine) · J. tortuosum (African Jasmine) · J. volubile (Wax Jasmine)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 11, 2007:
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Herbier de la Guyane, Herbier de la Guyane
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655504
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-32970
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13746773
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:609755-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 20676
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 32970
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 609755-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDOLE06080
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: JASA
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 44741
- Mei-chen Chang, Lien-ching Chiu, Zhi Wei & Peter S. Green "Oleaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 272. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Jasminum". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 307. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Standard Deviation = 122.150 based on 8 observations. Terrestrial altitude and ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]