Common Names in English:
Winter Jasmine, Jasmine (China)
. Branches and branchlets
. Leaves opposite, rarely alternate or whorled
, or pinnately compound
, without stipules; venation
pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal
, in cymes, panicles, racemes
, umbels, or fascicles. Flowers actinomorphic
, rarely unisexual
or polygamous and plants
monoecious, dioecious, or polygamodioecious. Calyx 4(-16) -lobed or -parted, rarely absent. Corolla 4(-16) -lobed, sometimes almost free
, rarely absent; lobes
in pairs at base or into a very short tube
. Stamens 2(-4), inserted
on corolla tube or hypogynous; anthers
dehiscing longitudinally; pollen 3-colpate or 3-colporate. Ovary superior, 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each locule, sometimes 1 or numerous
. Style 1 or absent; stigma 2-lobed or capitate. Fruit a drupe, berry, capsule, or samara. Seeds with straight embryo, with or without endosperm; radicle curved
upward or downward.
About 28 genera and over 400 species: tropical , subtropical , and temperate regions of world, but mainly in Asia. China has 10 genera and 160 species (95 endemic) and is the center of diversity for the genera Forsythia, Syringa, Osmanthus, and Ligustrum.
Many genera are important economically: Fraxinus and Forsythia (medicinal, ornamental ) ; Jasminum, Osmanthus, and Syringa (spice, ornamental) ; Olea (oil ) ; and Fraxinus (timber) .
or deciduous. Branchlets
or angular and grooved
. Leaves opposite or alternate, rarely whorled
, 3-foliolate, or odd-pinnate; petiole
usually articulated. Inflorescences basically cymose
, in panicles, racemes
, corymbs, umbels, or heads
; bracts subulate
, sometimes leafy. Flowers bisexual
, usually heterostylous, usually fragrant. Calyx campanulate
, cupular, or funnelform
, 4-16-lobed. Corolla white or yellow, rarely red or purple, salverform
or funnelform; lobes
4-16, imbricate in bud, sometimes doubled in cultivation. Stamens 2, included
of corolla tube
. Ovules 1 or 2 in each locule. Style filiform
; stigma capitate or 2-lobed. Fruit a berry, didymous
or one half aborted. Seeds without endosperm; radicle downward.
More than 200 species: Africa, Asia, Australia, South Pacific Islands, one species in the Mediterranean region; 43 species in China.
Species Jasminum nudiflorum
Shrubs erect , creeping or forming an intricate cushion , deciduous, 0.3-5 m. Branchlets 4-angled, somewhat narrowly winged , glabrous . Leaves opposite, 3-foliolate or often simple at base of branchlets; petiole 3-10 mm, glabrous; leaf blade ovate or elliptic , sometimes suborbicular , 0.7-2.2 cm × 4-13 mm; leaflet blade ovate to elliptic, rarely obovate , base cuneate, apex acute or obtuse , mucronulate , veins obscure , terminal one sessile or basally decurrent into a short petiolule , 1-3 × 0.3-1.1 cm, lateral ones sessile, 0.6-2.3 cm × 2-11 mm. Flowers solitary, axillary or rarely terminal; bracts ovate to lanceolate, leafy, 3-8 mm. Pedicel 2-3 mm. Calyx green; lobes 5 or 6, narrowly lanceolate, somewhat leafy, 4-6 mm. Corolla yellow, 2-2.5 cm in diam.; tube 0.8-2 cm; lobes 5 or 6, oblong or elliptic, 0.8-1.3 cm. Berry ovoid or ellipsoid , ca. 6 × 3-4 mm. [source]
Habit: Deciduous, spreading , mounded mass of trailing branches.
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast. • Size: Unsupported, to 4 ft . tall, 7 ft. wide; to 15 ft. tall trained on a trellis or wall.
Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . As a ground cover, space plants 5 ft . apart, (closer for faster coverage). Control weeds with mulch until the plants cover the area.
Thickets, ravines , slopes ; 800-4500 m. .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,028 meters (0 to 13,215 feet).
Culture: Space 8-10' apart.
Soil: Needs good drainage . Drought tolerant .
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun for good flowering. Tolerates shade.
Moisture: Water Requirements: Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Oleanae () - (Lindley, 1833) Takhtajan, 1997
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
: Lindl. Publication
: J. Hort. Soc. London 1: 153
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Jasminum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 39 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
J. adenophyllum (Bluegrape Jasmine) · J. aemulum (Malulee) · J. angulare (South African Jasmine) · J. beesianum (Beesianum Jasmine) · J. dichotomum (Everblooming Jasmine) · J. elongatum (Ear-Leaf Jasmine) · J. floridum (Florida Yellow Jasmine) · J. fluminense (Azores Jasmine) · J. fruticans (Shrubby Jasmine) · J. humile (Italian Yellow Jasmine) · J. humile f. wallichianum (Dr. Wallichs Nipal Jasmine) · J. humile var. revolutum (Italian Jasmine) · J. laurifolium f. nitidum (Confederate Jasmine) · J. mesnyi (Chinese Jasmine) · J. molle (Indian Jui) · J. multiflorum (Angel Hair Jasmine) · J. nitidum (Angel Wing Jasmine) · J. nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine) · J. nudiflorum 'Mystique' (Winter Jasmine) · J. odoratissimum (Florida Jasmine) · J. officinale (Poet's Jasmine) · J. officinale 'Argenteovariegatum' (Variegated Jasmine) · J. officinale 'Fiona Sunrise' (Poets Jasmine) · J. officinale 'Grandiflorum' (Spanish Jasmine) · J. parkeri (Dwarf Flowering Jasmine) · J. polyanthum (French Perfume) · J. rex (Jasminum Rex) · J. sambac (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac var. kerianum (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac var. nemocalyx (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Belle of India' (Asiatic Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Grand Duke' (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Grand Duke of Tuscany' (Asiatic Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Maid of India' (Arabian Jasmine) · J. sambac 'Maid of Orleans' (Asiatic Jasmine) · J. simplicifolium (Wax Jasmine) · J. simplicifolium suavissimum (Jasmine) · J. tortuosum (African Jasmine) · J. volubile (Wax Jasmine)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 14, 2007:
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2667662
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-503237
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:609662-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 20666
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 503237
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 609662-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDOLE060B0
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: JANU
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 44739
- Mei-chen Chang, Lien-ching Chiu, Zhi Wei & Peter S. Green "Oleaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 272. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Jasminum". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 307. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Jasminum nudiflorum". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 311. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 308.430 meters (1,011.909 feet), Standard Deviation = 899.470 based on 67 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]