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Hesperaloe funifera

(New Mexico False Yucca)


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Threat status

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

New Mexico False Yucca, Giant Hesperaloe, New Mexico Falseyucca

Common Names in Spanish:

Samandoque Com


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Genus Hesperaloe

Plants perennial , cespitose, acaulescent , semisucculent, primarily short- to long-rhizomatous. Leaves in basal rosettes; blade linear , thick and striate-ridged abaxially, margins with threadlike, detaching filaments , apex frayed or with hard spine. Inflorescences paniculate [racemose], loose , 3-8-branched. Flowers bisexual ; perianth narrowly tubular to broadly campanulate ; tepals 6; stamens 6, inserted on receptacle or at tepal bases, included ; filaments glabrous ; anthers sagittate , with septal nectaries; receptacle fleshy; ovary superior; style slender, barely exceeding tepals. Fruits capsular , ovoid , dehiscence septicidal . Seeds many, black, flattened. x = 30.

Species 5: arid regions of Texas and Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sonora).[1]

Physical Description

Species Hesperaloe funifera

Leaf blades yellowish green, slightly constricted near base , widest near middle , 10-20 × 0.2-0.5 dm, margins with coarse threads. Panicles 2-2.5 m. Flowers: perianth broadly campanulate ; tepals green, tinged with purple, ca. 2.5 cm. Capsules 8-9 × 5-7 mm. Seeds 8-9 × 5-7 mm. [source]

Habit: Subshrub , Forb/herb

Flowers: Bloom Period: February, March, April.


Size: 36-48" tall.


Rocky slopes and open plains in arid and semiarid regions; 500--1000(--2100) m [2].


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Duration: Perennial


Culture: Space 24-36" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)


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Agave funifera Lemaire • Belgique Hort. 12: 132. 1862 • Hesperaloe davyi Baker F. • Yucca funifera K. Koch


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 09-Jul-2004

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Hesperaloe

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 6 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

H. campanulata (Bell Flower) · H. funifera (New Mexico False Yucca) · H. parviflora (Red Hesperaloe) · H. parviflora var. engelmannii (Engelmann's False Yucca) · H. parviflora var. parviflora (Redflower False Yucca) · H. parviflora 'Yellow' (Red Yucca)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 28, 2008:



  1. R. Laurie Robbins "Hesperaloe". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 413, 414, 424, 441. Oxford University Press. Online at [back]
  2. "Hesperaloe funifera". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 441, 442. Oxford University Press. Online at [back]
Last Revised: 2015-01-30