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Common Names in English:
Awnless Geranium, Dovefoot Crane´s-Bill, Dovefoot Geranium, Doves-Foot Crane's-Bill, Dovesfoot Crane's-Bill
Common Names in Portuguese:
herbs. Leaves usually alternate, stipulate
, variously divided
. Peduncles (1-) 2-flowered. Flowers often showy, regular, usually 5-merous. Petals alternating with 5 nectiferous glands
. Stamens (5-) 10, staminodes occasional. Carpels usually 5, adnate
, separating septifragally from the central axis at maturity. Ovary 5-lobed. Fruit schizocarpic, of 5 mericarps which remain attached to an elastically coiling
axis upwards; mericarps without apical pits.
A genus of c. 400 species, mainly distributed in the temperate zone of N. Hemisphere, but also in the tropics. Represented in Pakistan by 22 species. The large flowered perennials are difficult to key out satisfactorily unless there is ample information on the nature of the underground parts, flower colour, shape and size of the leaves and the fruits. In the key that follows, I have used the following terminology: segments for primary division of leaves; lobes for secondary division . The sepal length excludes the awn . The beak length (in fruit) excludes the styles.
Species Geranium molle
. Stem 10-45 cm tall, erect
, not rooting
with 1-1.7 mm patent
and 0.2-0.5 mm patent
and nonglandular trichomes. Stipules lanceolate, distinct
Leaves alternate; petiole
with 1-1.5 mm patent nonglandular trichomes
and 0.2-0.5 mm glandular and nonglandular trichomes; leaf blade
cm, palmately cleft
, ratio of main sinus/middle segment length
nonglandular trichomes; segments
5, obtriangular, 1.5-5 mm wide at base
, 3(or 4) -lobed at apex, ratio
of second sinus/middle segment length = 0.14-0.25. Cymules
2-flowered; peduncle 0.5-8 cm. Pedicel 0.5-1.5 cm, with 1-1.8 mm
patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.2-0.5 mm patent glandular and
nonglandular trichomes; bracteoles lanceolate. Sepals (1-) 2.5-5.5(-6)
0.1-0.2 mm, ratio of mucro/sepal length = 0.03-0.1, outside
with 1-1.5 mm patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.2-0.5 mm ±
patent nonglandular and glandular trichomes, outside glabrous
bright purple, 3-8.5(-10.5) mm, erect to patent, both surfaces glabrous,
, apex emarginate
with a 1-2.5 mm notch
whitish, lanceolate, glabrous except proximal
some 0.1-0.2 mm cilia; anthers
purplish, 0.7-1.5 mm.
, glabrous. Stigma purplish. Fruit 0.8-1.4 cm, erect when
; mericarps transversely wrinkled, without a basal callus,
glabrous but with a few cilia at base; rostrum 6-11 mm, with a 1-3
mm narrowed apex; stigmatic
remains 1-2 mm. Seeds 1.4-1.8 mm. Fl.
May, fr. May. 2n = 26. [source]
Although found as a naturalized weed in Taiwan, this species could be found as a native plant near the W boundaries of China, because its natural area includes the W Himalayas. This species also grows as an introduced weed in America and Australia. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: March, April, May, June. • Flower Color: magenta, pink
Size: under 6" tall.
Waste places, open habitats , dry grasslands, roadsides; 1800-1900 m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,659 meters (0 to 5,443 feet).
Duration: Annual , Biennial, Perennial
Culture: Space 15-18" apart.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Geranianae () - (Dumortier, 1829) Takhtajan, 1997
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Geranium abortivum De Not. Ex Ces. • Geranium brutium Gasp. • Geranium brutium var. micranthum N. Terracc. • Geranium leiocaulon Ledeb. • Geranium macropetalum (Boiss.) Posp. • Geranium molle brutium (Gasp.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle f. albiflorum R. Uechtr. • Geranium molle f. annuum (Schur) Gams in Hegi • Geranium molle f. candidum Beck • Geranium molle f. glabrata A. Terracc. • Geranium molle f. pinguis K. Malý • Geranium molle f. pygmaea A. Terracc. • Geranium molle f. sepincola A. Terracc. • Geranium molle f. stipulare (Kunze) K. Malý • Geranium molle f. subperenne (Schur) Gams in Hegi • Geranium molle f. tenuisecta A. Terracc. • Geranium molle f. trivialis A. Terracc. • Geranium molle f. villosissima A. Terracc. • Geranium molle normale A. Terracc. • Geranium molle pollinense A. Terracc. • Geranium molle sinjaricum Al-Shehbaz & Al-Khakani • Geranium molle stipulare (Kunze) Dostál • Geranium molle var. abortivum (De Not. Ex Ces.) Ces. • Geranium molle var. album (Picard) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. annuum (Schur) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. arenarium A. Terracc. • Geranium molle var. bicolor Soest in Heukels • Geranium molle var. brutium (Gasp.) K. Malý • Geranium molle var. caespitosum (N. Terracc.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. caucasicum Regel Ex Woronow in Kusn. • Geranium molle var. diffusum Ten. Ex A. Terracc. • Geranium molle var. elatum Ten. Ex A. Terracc. • Geranium molle var. graecum A. Terracc. • Geranium molle var. grandiflorum Lange in Willk. & Lange • Geranium molle var. grandiflorum Lojac. • Geranium molle var. grandiflorum Vis. • Geranium molle var. leiocaulon (Ledeb.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. lucanum Gasp. Ex Nyman • Geranium molle var. macropetalum Boiss. • Geranium molle var. maioriflorum Borbás • Geranium molle var. maritimum Lojac. • Geranium molle var. minus Chevall. • Geranium molle var. montanum A. Terracc. • Geranium molle var. parvulum (Ten.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. pinguis (K. Malý) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. stipulare (Kunze) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. suaveolens (Boenn. Ex Rchb.) Gams in Hegi • Geranium molle var. subperenne (Schur) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. supinum Fouc. & Jouss. • Geranium molle var. tenuisecta [a. Terracc. ] Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. triviale A. Terrac. Ex Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn. • Geranium molle var. triviale [a. Terracc. ] Gortani & M. Gortani • Geranium molle var. typicum Posp. • Geranium molle var. villosum (Ten.) Cout. • Geranium molle var. vulcanicum A. Terracc. • Geranium molle villosum (Ten.) A. Terracc. • Geranium oenense Borbás Ex Hallier in W. D. J. Koch • Geranium pollinense N. Terracc. Ex A. Terracc. • Geranium pseudovillosum Schur • Geranium punctatum Kanitz • Geranium pyrenaicum villosum (Ten.) Nyman • Geranium stipulare Kunze • Geranium villosum Ten. • Geranium villosum var. gracile Sennen • Geranium villosum var. villosissimum Ten. • Pass. & Gibelli
Publishing author : L. Publication : Sp. Pl. 2: 682 1753 [1 May 1753]
Members of the genus Geranium
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 263 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
G. (Cranesbill [thumping Heart]) · G. aequale (Awnless Geranium) · G. aequatoriale (Cranesbill) · G. albicans (Roundleaf Geranium) · G. arboreum (Hawai'i Red Cranesbill) · G. aristatum (Cranesbill) · G. asphodeloides (Hedgerow Geranium) · G. atropurpureum Heller var. cowenii (Rydb.) Dorn (Western Purple Cranesbill) · G. bicknellii (Bicknell's Cranesbill) · G. bicknellii Britton var. bicknellii Britton (Bicknell's Cranesbill) · G. bohemicum 'Orchid Blue' (Cranesbill) · G. caespitosum (James Cranebill) · G. caespitosum E.James var. fremontii (Torr. ex A.Gray) Dorn (Fremont Geranium) · G. caespitosum var. parryi (Engelm.) W.A.Weber (Parry Geranium) · G. californicum (California Crane's-Bill) · G. canariensis (Giant Geranium) · G. carolinianum (Carolina Crane's-Bill) · G. carolinianum L. var. sphaerospermum (Fern.) Breitung (Carolina Geranium) · G. cinereum (Grayleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum var. subcaulescens 'Giuseppe' (Greyleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum'Alice' (Alice Grayleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum 'Ballerina' (Ballerina Cranesbill) · G. cinereum 'Carol' (Carol Cranesbill) · G. cinereum 'Lawrence Flatman' (Grayleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum 'Memories' (Grayleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum 'Purple Pillow' (Grayleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum 'Sateene' (Sateen Grayleaf Geranium) · G. cinereum subcaulescens 'Splendens' (Grayleaf Geranium) · G. clarkei (Cranesbill) · G. clarkei 'Kashmir Pink' (Cranesbill) · G. clarkei 'Kashmir Purple' (Cranesbill) · G. clarkei 'Kashmir White' (Cranesbill) · G. columbinum (Long-Stalk Crane's-Bill) · G. cuneatum cuneatum (Cuneate-Leaf Crane's-Bill) · G. cuneatum hololeucum (Hinahina) · G. cuneatum hypoleucum (Hinahina) · G. cuneatum tridens (Hinahina) · G. dalmaticum (Geranium) · G. dissectum (Cut-Leaf Crane's-Bill) · G. divaricatum (Fanleaf Geranium) · G. Dragon Heart = 'Bremdra' (Cranesbill [dragon Heart]) · G. endressii (Cranesbill) · G. endressii x psilostemon 'Patricia' (Patricia Cranesbill) · G. erianthum (Northern Crane's-Bill) · G. farreri (Farrers Geranium) · G. gracile (Hardy Geranium) · G. hanaense (Maui Geranium) · G. harveyi (Cranesbill) · G. hayatanum (Hardy Geranium) · G. himalayense (Cranesbill) · G. himalayense 'Baby Blue' (Himalayan Geranium) · G. himalayense 'Derrick Cook' (Himalayan Geranium) · G. himalayense 'Devil's Blue' (Devil's Blue Himalayan Geranium) · G. himalayense 'Gravetye' (Himalayan Geranium) · G. himalayense 'Irish Blue' (Himalayan Geranium) · G. himalayense 'Plenum' (Birch Double Geranium) · G. homeanum (Australasia Crane's-Bill) · G. ibericum (Iberian Crane's-Bill) · G. ibericum jubatum (Iberian Geranium) · G. incanum (Carpet Geranium) · G. incanum 'Silver Sugar Plum' (Carpet Geranium) · G. kauaiense (Kauai Geranium) · G. lambertii (Geranium) · G. lambertii x procurrens 'Salome' (Salome Cranesbill) · G. lambertii 'Swansdown' (Geranium) · G. lentum (Mogollon Crane's-Bill) · G. libani (Geranium Geranium Libani) · G. lucidum (Shining Crane's-Bill) · G. macrorrhizum (Big Root Geranium) · G. macrorrhizum 'Album' (Cranesbill) · G. macrorrhizum 'Bevan's Variety' (Bevan's Variety Bigroot Cranesbill) · G. macrorrhizum 'Czakor' (Cranesbill) · G. macrorrhizum 'Ingwersen's Variety' (Ingwersen's Variety Bigroot Cranesbill) · G. macrorrhizum 'Lohfelden' (Cranesbill) · G. macrorrhizum 'Spessart' (Bigroot Cranesbill) · G. macrorrhizum 'Variegatum' (Bigroot Geranium) · G. macrorrhizum 'White-Ness' (Cranesbill) · G. macrostylum (Cranesbill) · G. maculatum (Cranesbill) · G. maculatum 'Album' (Spotted Geranium) · G. maculatum 'Elizabeth Ann' (Elizabeth Anne Hardy Geranium) · G. maculatum 'Espresso' (Espresso Cranesbill) · G. maderense (Madeiran Cranesbill) · G. magnificum (Cranesbill) · G. magniflorum (Cranesbill) · G. magniflorum 'Laveta Lace' (Geranium) · G. makmelicum (Grayleaf Geranium) · G. molle (Awnless Geranium) · G. molle molle (Dovesfoot Crane's-Bill) · G. multiflorum (Many-Flower Crane's Bill) · G. multiflorum multiflorum (Manyflower Geranium) · G. multisectum (Cranesbill) · G. nodosum (Geranium) · G. oreganum (Oregon Crane's-Bill) · G. palmatum (Canary Island Geranium) · G. palustre (Marsh Cranes-Bill) · G. phaeum (Dusky Cranesbill) · G. phaeum phaeum 'Samobor' (Cranesbill) · G. phaeum 'Album' (Dusky Cranesbill) · G. phaeum 'Calligrapher' (Dusky Cranesbill)
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- Mean = 130.370 meters (427.723 feet), Standard Deviation = 190.500 based on 7,304 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]