The Rubiaceae are trees , shrubs , or infrequently herbs comprising about 450 genera and 6,500 species, including some lianous forms. The leaves are simple and usually entire, and are opposite or sometimes whorled ; stipules are present and interpetiolar . The flowers are nearly always bisexual and actinomorphic , often heterostylous, and usually are in cymose inflorescences. The calyx is mostly somewhat reduced and 4-5-lobed or sometimes the lobes are obsolete or rarely one of them greatly expanded and brightly colored . The sympetalous corolla is mostly 4-5-lobed, occasionally with 3 or up to 10 lobes. The androecium consists of as many stamens as corolla lobes and is adnate to the corolla tube or epigynous zone, alternate with the lobes. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of 2 or seldom more carpels, a single style, and a nearly always inferior ovary with the number of locules equaling the number of carpels, each with 1-many axile ovules. An epigynous nectary disk is usually present. The fruit is variable, sometimes forming multiples . -- Gerald Carr.
Habit: Evergreen .
Flowers: Dense clusters of tiny, fragrant flowers bloom in April, May, June, July. • Bloom Period: June, July, August, September. • Flower Color: yellow
Growth Rate: Moderate growth of perimeter spread . • Size: 18-24" tall.
Landscape Uses: Excellent for shady rock garden. Beautiful groundcover for partial shade and moist, loamy soil. Mass planting . Embankments . Borders . Naturalized areas. • Care: Deer resistant. Drought tolerant (will seem to die back, but will recover when moisture returns). Low maintenance . Can be grown under black walnut trees . Deadhead to prevent self-sowing, if you wish to prevent volunteers. Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . Control weeds until the plants have filled in. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer .
Culture: Space 12-15" apart.
Soil: Needs good organic , moist, well-drained soil. Tolerates average, well-drained, dry, thin soils. • Minimum pH: 6.6 • Maximum pH: 8.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .
Moisture: Water Requirements: Water regularly, before top 3 in. of soil becomes dry, particularly in hot dry summers.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Gentiananae () - Thorne Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003
Members of the genus Galium
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 137 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
G. album (Hedge Bedstraw) · G. ambiguum ambiguum (Yolla Bolly Bedstraw) · G. andrewsii (Phlox-Leaf Bedstraw) · G. andrewsii intermedium (Phloxleaf Bedstraw) · G. angustifolium (Narrow-Leaf Bedstraw) · G. angustifolium angustifolium (Narrowleaf Bedstraw) · G. angustifolium foliosum (Borrego Bedstraw) · G. angustifolium gracillimum (Narrowleaf Bedstraw) · G. angustifolium onycense (Narrowleaf Bedstraw) · G. aparine (Bedstraw) · G. aparine aparine (Catchweed Bedstraw) · G. argense (Argus Bedstraw) · G. aristatum (Awned Bedstraw) · G. arkansanum (Arkansas Bedstraw) · G. asprellum (Rough Bedstraw) · G. bermudense (Coast Bedstraw) · G. bifolium (Low Mountain Bedstraw) · G. bolanderi (Bolander's Bedstraw) · G. boreale (Northern Bedstraw) · G. buxifolium (Box Bedstraw) · G. californicum (California Bedstraw) · G. californicum californicum (California Bedstraw) · G. californicum luciense (California Bedstraw) · G. californicum maritimum (California Bedstraw) · G. californicum miguelense (California Bedstraw) · G. californicum primum (California Bedstraw) · G. californicum sierrae (California Bedstraw) · G. catalinense (Catalina Bedstraw) · G. ciliare (Hairy Bedstraw) · G. circaezans (Forest Bedstraw) · G. clementis (Santa Lucia Bedstraw) · G. cliftonsmithii (Santa Barbara Bedstraw) · G. collomiae (Fossil Hill Creek Bedstraw) · G. coloradoense (Colorado Bedstraw) · G. concinnum (Shining Bedstraw) · G. correllii (Cliff Bedstraw) · G. cruciatum (Crosswort) · G. desereticum (Desert Bedstraw) · G. divaricatum (Lamarck's Bedstraw) · G. emeryense (Emery County Bedstraw) · G. emeryense protoscabriusculum (Emery County Bedstraw) · G. ferrugineum ferrugineum (Fendler's Bedstraw) · G. filipes (Slender Stalk Bedstraw) · G. foliosum (Narrowleaf Bedstraw) · G. gaudichaudii (Rough Bedstraw) · G. glabrescens (Castle Lake Bedstraw) · G. glaucum (Waxy Bedstraw) · G. grande (San Gabriel Bedstraw) · G. grayanum (Gray's Bedstraw) · G. grayanum Ehrend. var. grayanum Ehrend. (Gray's Bedstraw) · G. grayanum Ehrend. var. nanum Dempster & Ehrend. (Gray's Bedstraw) · G. hallii (Hall's Bedstraw) · G. hardhamiae (Hardham's Bedstraw) · G. hilendiae (Hilend's Bedstraw) · G. humifusum (Spreading Bedstraw) · G. hypotrichium (Alpine Bedstraw) · G. hypotrichium inyoense (Alpine Bedstraw) · G. hypotrichium nevadense (Alpine Bedstraw) · G. hypotrichium tomentellum (Alpine Bedstraw) · G. jepsonii (Jepson Bedstraw) · G. johnstonii (Johnston Bedstraw) · G. kamtischaticum (Boreal Bedstraw) · G. kamtschaticum (Boreal Bedstraw) · G. labradoricum (Bog Bedstraw) · G. laevipes (Smooth Bedstraw) · G. lanceolatum (Lance-Leaf Wild Licorice) · G. latifolium (Purple Bedstraw) · G. magnifolium (Large-Leaf Bedstraw) · G. matthewsii (Bushy Bedstraw) · G. mexicanum asperrimum (Mexican Bedstraw) · G. mexicanum flexicum (Mexican Bedstraw) · G. mexicanum mexicanum (Mexican Bedstraw) · G. microphyllum (Bracted Bedstraw) · G. mollugo (False Baby's Breath) · G. mollugo mollugo (False Baby's Breath) · G. multiflorum (Many-Flower Bedstraw) · G. munzii (Munz Bedstraw) · G. munzii ambivalens (Munz's Bedstraw) · G. munzii munzii (Munz's Bedstraw) · G. murale (Wall Bedstraw) · G. muricatum (Humboldt Bedstraw) · G. nuttallii (Climbing Bedstraw) · G. nuttallii insulare (Climbing Bedstraw) · G. nuttallii nuttallii (Climbing Bedstraw) · G. obtusum australe (Blunt-Leaf Bedstraw) · G. obtusum filifolium (Blunt-Leaf Bedstraw) · G. obtusum obtusum (Blunt-Leaf Bedstraw) · G. odoratum (Our Ladys Lace) · G. odoratum 'Victor Jones' (False Babys Breath) · G. oreganum (Oregon Bedstraw) · G. orizabense orizabense (Bald Bedstraw) · G. palustre (Common Marsh Bedstraw) · G. palustre elongatum (Common Marsh Bedstraw) · G. palustre subsp. palustre (Common Marsh-Bedstraw) · G. parishii (Parish's Bedstraw) · G. parisiense (Wall Bedstraw) · G. pilosum (Hairy Bedstraw) · G. pomeranicum (Bedstraw) · G. porrigens (Graceful Bedstraw) · G. porrigens Dempster var. tenue (Dempster) Dempster (Graceful Bedstraw)
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