Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Arizona Ash, Arizon Ash, Desert Ash, Fresno As, Leatherleaf Ash, Modesto Ash, Smooth Ash, Toumey Ash, Velvet Ash
Common Names in German:
Common Names in unspecified:
. Branches and branchlets
. Leaves opposite, rarely alternate or whorled
, or pinnately compound
, without stipules; venation
pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal
, in cymes, panicles, racemes
, umbels, or fascicles. Flowers actinomorphic
, rarely unisexual
or polygamous and plants
monoecious, dioecious, or polygamodioecious. Calyx 4(-16) -lobed or -parted, rarely absent. Corolla 4(-16) -lobed, sometimes almost free
, rarely absent; lobes
in pairs at base or into a very short tube
. Stamens 2(-4), inserted
on corolla tube or hypogynous; anthers
dehiscing longitudinally; pollen 3-colpate or 3-colporate. Ovary superior, 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each locule, sometimes 1 or numerous
. Style 1 or absent; stigma 2-lobed or capitate. Fruit a drupe, berry, capsule, or samara. Seeds with straight embryo, with or without endosperm; radicle curved
upward or downward.
About 28 genera and over 400 species: tropical , subtropical , and temperate regions of world, but mainly in Asia. China has 10 genera and 160 species (95 endemic) and is the center of diversity for the genera Forsythia, Syringa, Osmanthus, and Ligustrum.
Many genera are important economically: Fraxinus and Forsythia (medicinal, ornamental ) ; Jasminum, Osmanthus, and Syringa (spice, ornamental) ; Olea (oil ) ; and Fraxinus (timber) .
or rarely shrubs
, deciduous or rarely evergreen
. Leaves odd-pinnate, opposite or rarely whorled
often basally thickened. Inflorescences terminal
toward end of branches, or lateral
on branches of previous year, paniculate
; bracts linear
to lanceolate, caducous
or absent. Flowers small, unisexual
, or polygamous. Calyx 4-toothed or irregularly lobed
, sometimes absent. Corolla white to yellowish, 4-lobed, divided
or absent. Stamens 2, inserted
at base of corolla lobes
short, exserted at anthesis
. Ovules 2 in each locule, pendulous. Style short; stigma ± 2-cleft. Fruit a samara with apically elongated wing
. Seeds usually 1, ovate-oblong; endosperm fleshy
; radicle erect
About 60 species: mostly in temperate regions and subtropics of the Northern Hemisphere; 22 species in China.
Some species are widely used in China for commercial timber and the bark for medicinal drugs.
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, March. • Flower Color: chartreuse, pale green, yellow-green
Size: 30-40' tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,647 meters (0 to 8,684 feet).
Culture: Space 20-30' apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 8.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Oleanae () - (Lindley, 1833) Takhtajan, 1997
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Fraxinus pennsylvanica velutina (Torr.) G.S.Mill. • Fraxinus pennsylvanica velutina (Torr.) G. N. Mill. • Fraxinus velutina var. coriacea (S. Wats.) Rehd. • Fraxinus velutina var. glabra Rehd. • Fraxinus velutina var. toumeyi (Britt.) Rehd.
Publishing author : Lingelsh. Publication : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(2): 216 1907 [2 Aug 1907]
Members of the genus Fraxinus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 51 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
F. americana (Autumn Purple White Ash) · F. americana texensis (White Ash) · F. americana var. subcoriacea (American Ash) · F. americana 'Empire' (Empire White Ash) · F. americana 'Greenspire' (Greenspire® White Ash) · F. americana 'Junginger' (Autumn Purple® White Ash) · F. americana 'Rosehill' (Rosehill White Ash) · F. americana 'Skycole' (Skyline White Ash) · F. angustifolia 'Raywood' (Claret Ash) · F. anomala (Single-Leaf Ash) · F. anomala Torr. ex S.Watson var. anomala Torr. ex S.Watson (Singleleaf Ash) · F. anomala var. anomala (Singleleaf Ash) · F. anomala var. lowellii (Single-Leaf Ash) · F. berlandieriana (Mexican Ash) · F. caroliniana (Carolina Ash) · F. chinensis (Chinese Ash) · F. chinensis var. rhyncophylla (Beakleaf Chinese Ash) · F. cuspidata (Flowering Ash) · F. dipetala (California Ash) · F. excelsior (Common Ash) · F. excelsior 'Aureafolia' (European Ash) · F. excelsior 'Aurea' (Golden Ash) · F. excelsior 'Aurea Pendula' (Weeping Golden Ash) · F. excelsior 'Pendula' (Weeping European Ash) · F. gooddingii (Goodding Ash) · F. greggii (Gregg Ash) · F. griffithii (Emerald Wave Griffith Ash) · F. latifolia (Oregon Ash) · F. mandschurica (Manchurian Ash) · F. mandshurica (Manchurian Ash) · F. mariesii (Maries' Ash) · F. nigra (Black Ash) · F. ornus (Flowering Ash) · F. oxycarpa 'Raywood' (Raywood Ash) · F. papillosa (Chihuahua Ash) · F. pennsylvanica (Green Ash) · F. pennsylvanica f. erythrocarpa (Green Ash) · F. pennsylvanica Marshall var. pennsylvanica (Green Ash) · F. pennsylvanica 'Aerial' (Aerial Green Ash) · F. pennsylvanica 'Cimmaron' (Green Ash) · F. pennsylvanica 'Cimmzam' (Cimmaron® Ash) · F. pennsylvanica 'Marshall's Seedless' (Marshall's Seedless Ash) · F. pennsylvanica 'Patmore' (Green Ash) · F. pennsylvanica 'Summit' (Summit Ash) · F. pennyslvanica (Green Ash) · F. profunda (Pumpkin Ash) · F. quadrangulata (Blue Ash) · F. sieboldiana (Chinese Flowering Ash) · F. texensis (Texas Ash) · F. uhdei (Mexican Ash) · F. velutina (Arizona Ash)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 21, 2007:
- Berkeley Natural History Museums, University and Jepson Herbaria DiGIR provider
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
- School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, The Deaver Herbarium, Northern Arizona University
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Utah State University, USU-UTC Specimen Database
- Utah Valley State College
- , Utah Valley State College Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655473
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-32936
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13746797
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:609265-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 319
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 32936
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 609265-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDOLE040H0
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: FRVEG
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 39850
- Mei-chen Chang, Lien-ching Chiu, Zhi Wei & Peter S. Green "Oleaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 272. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Wei Zhi, Peter S. Green "Fraxinus". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 273. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 1,265.150 meters (4,150.755 feet), Standard Deviation = 489.670 based on 220 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]