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Fitzroya cupressoides

(Chilean False Larch)

Overview

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Endangered

Threat status

Interesting Facts

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

Chilean False Larch, Patagonian Cypress, Patagonian-Cypress

Common Names in Spanish:

Alerce

Description

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Family Cupressaceae

Trees or shrubs evergreen , monoecious or dioecious. Leaves decussate or in whorls of 3, scalelike and then often dimorphic with flattened facial leaves and keeled lateral leaves, or needlelike particularly in juvenile plants , often with an abaxial resin gland . Pollen cones terminal or axillary , solitary, maturing and shed annually; microsporophylls 6-16, decussate or whorled , each bearing (2 or) 3-6(-9) pollen sacs ; pollen wingless. Seed cones usually terminal, solitary, globose , ovoid , or oblong , dehiscent or indehiscent when mature in 1st or 2nd(or 3rd) year; cone scales developing after ovules originate in bract axils; bracts almost completely enveloped by cone scales, free only at apex; ovules 1-numerous per bract axil, erect ; cone scales of mature cones 3-16, flat or peltate, woody, leathery, or succulent, 1-20-seeded. Seeds winged or not; wings derived from seed coat . Cotyledons usually 2, rarely 3-6. Germination epigeal.

Nineteen genera and ca. 125 species: worldwide; eight genera (one introduced ) and 46 species (16 endemic, 13 introduced) in China.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 15-20' tall.

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 15-20' apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 4.6 • Maximum pH: 6.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Abies cupressoides (Molina) Poir. • Cupresstellata patagonica (Hook. F. Ex Lindl.) J. Nelson • Fitzroya patagonica Hook. F. Ex Lindl. • Libocedrus cupressoides (Molina) Sarg. • Pinus cupressoides Molina

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Comment: Conservation status: EN (A1c-d, A2c-d), Habit: Tree

Last scrutiny: 5-Jun-2008

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Fitzroya

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

F. cupressoides (Chilean False Larch)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 20, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Liguo Fu, Yong-fu Yu, Robert P. Adams & Aljos Farjon "Cupressaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 4 Page 62. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-07