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Euphorbia celastroides


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Family Euphorbiaceae

The Euphorbiaceae are mostly monoecious herbs, shrubs , and trees , sometimes succulent and cactus-like, comprising one of the largest families of plants with about 300 genera and 7,500 species that are further characterized by the frequent occurrence of milky sap . The leaves are mostly alternate but may be opposite or whorled and they are simple , or compound , or sometimes highly reduced. Stipules are generally present but may be reduced to hairs , glands or spines. The flowers are unisexual and usually actinomorphic . They may be highly reduced by suppression of parts, in the extreme form consisting of a naked stamen as a male flower and a naked pistil as a female flower. A specialized type of miniature inflorescence called a cyathium occurs in about 1,500 species comprising the genera Euphorbia and Chamaesyce. The cyathium consists of a single naked pistillate flower surrounded by cymes of naked staminate flowers, each consisting of a single stamen. These flowers are all enclosed in a cup-like involucre that typically is provided with peripheral nectaries and petaloid appendages such that the whole aggregation closely resembles a single flower. In other members of the family the flowers and inflorescences are more ordinary in appearance , with male and female flowers typically bearing a 5-merous calyx and corolla of distinct segments, although the corolla is sometimes absent. In these forms the androecium most commonly consists of 5, 10 or sometimes numerous distinct or monadelphous stamens. The gynoecium of female flowers consists of a single compound pistil of typically 3 carpels, an equal number of styles or primary style branches, and a superior ovary with typically 3 locules, each bearing 1 or 2 collateral , axile-apical pendulous ovules. The fruit is usually a capsular schizocarp. -- Gerald Carr.

Physical Description

Flowers: Female flowers carry a three part pistil over a three part ovary, producing three or sometimes more seeds.


Care: Heat tolerant . Drought tolerant. Fertilize regularly. Avoid frost.


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Culture: Space 6-9" apart. Propagate by dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs, or from herbaceous stem cuttings.

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun to light shade.

Moisture: Water Requirements: Water only in sumer.

Temperature: Minimum Temperature (F): 50°F. • Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)


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Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Euphorbia

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 660 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

E. aaron-rossii (Marble Canyon Spurge) · E. abdelkuri (Euphorbia) · E. abyssinica (Abyssinian Spurge) · E. actinoclada (Euphorbia) · E. aeruginosa (Dwarf Spurge) · E. aggregata (Euphorbia) · E. agraria (Shining Spurge) · E. albertensis (Euphorbia) · E. albipollinifera (Euphorbia) · E. alfredii (Euphorbia) · E. ambohipotsiensis (Euphorbia) · E. ambovombensis (Euphorbia) · E. ammak (African Candelabra) · E. ampliphylla (Euphorbia) · E. amygdaloides (Golden Glory Spurge) · E. amygdaloides robbiae var. robbiae (Robb's Spurge) · E. amygdaloides var. Purpurea (Purple Leaved Wood Spurge) · E. amygdaloides x characias 'Red Martin' (Spurge) · E. amygdaloides x characias 'Rudolph' (Wood Spurge) · E. amygdaloides 'Craigieburn' (Spurge) · E. amygdaloides 'Rubra' (Perennial Wood Spurge) · E. angustiflora (Euphorbia) · E. ankarensis (Euphorbia) · E. anoplia (Euphorbia) · E. antisyphilitica (Candelilla) · E. antso (Euphorbia) · E. aphylla (Leafless Spurge) · E. appariciana (Euphorbia) · E. arceuthobioides (Euphorbia) · E. argillicola (Euphorbia) · E. arida (Euphorbia) · E. aristata (Ungernis Shkeri) · E. asthenacantha (Euphorbia) · E. atrispina (Euphorbia) · E. atropurpurea (Spurge) · E. atroviridis (Euphorbia) · E. attastoma (Euphorbia) · E. attastoma var. xanthochlora (Euphorbia) · E. aureoviridiflora (Euphorbia) · E. avasmontana (Euphorbia) · E. baioensis (Euphorbia) · E. ballyana (Euphorbia) · E. balsamifera (Euphorbia) · E. balsamifera var. adenensis (Euphorbia) · E. barnardii (Euphorbia) · E. baylissii (Euphorbia) · E. beharensis var. adpressifolia (Euphorbia) · E. beharensis var. guillemetii (Euphorbia) · E. bemarahaensis (Euphorbia) · E. bicolor (Snow On the Prairie) · E. bifurcata (Forked Spurge) · E. bilobata (Black-Seed Spurge) · E. bongensis (Euphorbia) · E. bongolavensis (Euphorbia) · E. borenensis (Euphorbia) · E. bosseri (Euphorbia) · E. bothae (Euphorbia) · E. bourgaeana (Euphorbia) · E. bourgeanana (Spurge) · E. brachycera (Horned Spurge) · E. brakdamensis (Euphorbia) · E. breviarticulata (False Cow Horn) · E. brevirama (Euphorbia) · E. brevitorta (Euphorbia) · E. brunellii (Euphorbia) · E. bubalina (Euphorbia) · E. bupleurifolia (Euphorbia) · E. burmannii (Euphorbia) · E. buruana (Euphorbia) · E. cactus (Euphorbia) · E. caducifolia (Euphorbia) · E. canariensis (Canary Island Spurge) · E. candelabrum (Euphorbia) · E. cap-manambatoensis (Euphorbia) · E. capsaintemariensis (Euphorbia) · E. capuroni (Euphorbia) · E. caput-medusae (Medusa Head) · E. cattimandoo (Euphorbia) · E. caudicifolia (Euphorbia) · E. cedrorum (Euphorbia) · E. chamaesula (Mountain Spurge) · E. characias (Euphorbia) · E. characias wulfenii (Cushion Spurge) · E. characias wulfenii 'Jimmy Platt' (Mediterranean Spurge) · E. characias wulfenii 'John Tomlinson' (Mediterranean Spurge) · E. characias wulfenii 'Lambrook Gold' (Mediterranean Spurge) · E. characias wulfenii 'Purpurea' (Mediterranean Spurge) · E. characias 'Tasmanian Tiger' (Tasmanian Tiger Euphorbia) · E. charleswilsoniana (Euphorbia) · E. clandestina (Euphorbia) · E. classenii (Euphorbia) · E. clava (Euphorbia) · E. clavarioides (Euphorbia) · E. clavigera (Euphorbia) · E. clivicola (Euphorbia) · E. coerulescens (Sweet Noor) · E. colliculina (Euphorbia) · E. columnaris (Euphorbia) · E. commutata (Tinted Euphorbia) · E. comosa (Euphorbia)

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Last Revised: 2/4/2015