The Celastraceae are trees and shrubs comprising about 50 genera and 800 species that are sometimes climbing or vining. The leaves are simple and alternate or opposite; stipules are small and caducous or absent. The flowers are bisexual or sometimes functionally unisexual , actinomorphic , and are small and often greenish. The calyx comprises 4 or 5 usually basally connate sepals. The corolla is rarely absent or more commonly consists of 4 or 5 distinct petals. The androecium consists of 4 or 5 or rarely 10 distinct stamens that alternate with the petals. The gynoecium is a single compound pistil of 2-5 carpels, a single short style, and a superior or rarely half inferior ovary with 2-5 locules, each containing usually 2 axile ovules. An annular nectary disk surrounds and is usually adnate to the ovary. The fruit is a capsule, berry, samara, or drupe. -- Gerald Carr.
, the latter sometimes scandent
. Leaves oppsite; stipules caducous
. Flowers bisexual
, 4-5-merous. Calyx flat or recurved. Disc broad, fleshy
, 4-5-lobed. Petals 4-5, rounded
, often with coloured veins. Stamens 4-5, inserted
on the disc. Ovary sunken
in the disc; style short. Fruit a capsule, 3-5-lobed, angled
, rarely echinate
, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 1-3 in each cell
, enclosed in a fleshy aril.
A large subcosmopolitan genus of c. 176 species in the Himalayas in Pakistan and India, China, Japan, Malayasia, Europe and N. America. Represented in Pakistan by 5 species, of these E. japonicus is cultivated.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Order: Celastrales () - Baskerville, 1839
- Superorder: Celastranae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Members of the genus Euonymus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 119 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
E. alata (Burning Bush) · E. alata 'Chicago Fire' (Burning Bush) · E. alata 'Compacta' (Cork Bush) · E. alata 'Fire Ball' (Cork Bush) · E. alata 'Monstrosus' (Burning Bush) · E. alata 'Rudy Haag' (Burning Bush) · E. alatus (Winged Euonymus) · E. alatus var. apterus (Winged Euonymus) · E. alatus 'Compacta' (Burning Bush) · E. alatus 'Compactus' (Dwarf Burning Bush) · E. alatus 'Odom' (Little Moses® Burning Bush) · E. alatus 'Pipzam' (Pipsqueak Burning Bush) · E. alatus 'Rudy Haag' (Rudy Haag Burning Bush) · E. alatus 'Select' (Fireball Burning Bush) · E. alatus 'Timber Creek' (Chicago Fire Burning Bush) · E. americana (Brook Euonymus) · E. americanus (American Strawberry-Bush) · E. aptera (Corky Spindletree) · E. atropurpurea (Eastern Wahoo) · E. atropurpurea var. atropurpurea (Eastern Wahoo) · E. atropurpurea var. cheatumii (Eastern Wahoo) · E. atropurpureus (Burning Bush) · E. atropurpureus atropurpureus (Eastern Burningbush) · E. atropurpureus var. cheatumii (Eastern Wahoo) · E. bungeana (Winterberry Euonymus) · E. bungeana 'North Platte' (Winterberry Euonymus) · E. bungeana 'Pink Lady' (Winterberry Euonymus) · E. bungeanum (Winterberry) · E. bungeanus (Winterberry Euonymus) · E. carnosus (Fleshy-Flowered Spindletree) · E. clivicolus (Sail-Fin Molly) · E. europaea (European Euonymus) · E. europaea 'Aldenhamensis' (European Euonymus) · E. europaea 'Atrorubens' (European Euonymus) · E. europaea 'Red Ace' (European Euonymus) · E. europaea 'Red Cap' (European Euonymus) · E. europaeus (European Euonymus) · E. fortunei (Climbing Euonymus) · E. fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz. 'Emerald Leader' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz. 'Emerald'n Gold' (Emerald 'n Gold Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Golden Prince' (Golden Prince Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei var. fortunei (Winter Creeper) · E. fortunei var. minimus (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei var. radicans (Winter Creeper) · E. fortunei var. vegetus (Bigleaf Wintercreeper) · E. fortunei 'Acutus' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Blondy' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Canadale Gold' (Canadale Gold Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Coloratus' (Purple Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Emerald & Gold' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Emerald Gaiety' (Emerald Gaiety Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Gold Splash' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Green Lane' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Harlequin' (Climbing Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Interbolwji' (Blondy® Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Ivory Jade' (Ivory Jade Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Kewensis' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Longwood' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Moonshadow' (Moonshadow Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Moon Shadow' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Niagara Green' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Sarcoxie' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Sheridan Gold' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Silver Queen' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Sunny Lane' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Sunshine' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Sunspot' (Sunspot Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Surespot' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. fortunei 'Wolong Ghost' (Wintercreeper Euonymus) · E. hamiltoniana (Hamilton's Spindletree) · E. hamiltonianus var. sieboldianus (Japanese Spindle Tree) · E. japonica (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica var. Aureo Marginata (Golden Euonymus) · E. japonica var. Greenspire Bekko (Greenspire Euonymus) · E. japonica'Aureo-marginata' (Box Leaf Euonymus) · E. japonica'Aureo-variegata' (Gold Spot Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Bekkomasaki' (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Chollipo' (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica'Golden Maiden' (Golden Maiden Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Green Spire' (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Microphyllus Butterscotch' (Boxleaf Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Ovatus Aureus' (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Rokujo' (Rokujo Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Rykujo' (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Silver Princess' (Boxleaf Euonymus) · E. japonica 'Sunny Delight' (Boxleaf Euonymus) · E. japonicus (Japanese Spindle Tree) · E. japonicus 'Aureo-Marginatus' (Golden Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Aureovariegatus' (Gold Spot Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Butterscotch' (Butterscotch Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Chollipo' (Chollipo Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Grandifolius' (Japanese Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Green Spire' (Green Spire Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Microphyllus' (Boxleaf Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Microphyllus Variegatus' (Boxleaf Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Moness' (Silver Princess" Boxleaf Euonymus) · E. japonicus 'Silver King' (Silver King Euonymus) · E. kiautschovica (Creeping Strawberry Bush) · E. kiautschovicus (Creeping Strawberry Bush) · E. kiautschovicus 'Manhattan' (Manhattan Euonymus)
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- A garden diary, September 1899-September 1900 / by Emily Lawless. London: Methuen, 1901. url p. 59.
- A garden diary: September 1899-September 1900 / London: Methuen & Co., 1901. url .
- A little garden the year round, wherein much joy was found, experience gained and profit, spiritual as well as mundane, derived without loss of prestige in a practical neighborhood. New York, E. P. Dutton & company[c1919] url .
- A partial list of plants available for various uses in general landscape planting, comp. by Albert D. Taylor. Cleveland, A.D. Taylor, c1916 url p. 12, p. 12, p. 15, p. 15, p. 25, p. 25, p. 26, p. 26, p. 39, p. 39.
- A plea for hardy plants, with suggestions for effective arrangement, New York, Doubleday, Page & Company1902. url , , p. 39, p. 57.
- A practical guide to garden plants, containing descriptions of the hardiest and most beautiful annuals and biennials, hardy herbaceous and bulbous perennials, hardy water and bog plants, flowering and ornamental trees and shrubs, conife London;Longmans, Green, 1901. url , p. 102.
- A practical handbook of trees, shrubs, vines and herbaceous perennials, by John Kirkegaard. Boston, Williams Bookstores Co., 1916. url p. 393, p. 394.
- Alpine flowers for English gardens / by W. Robinson. London: Murray, 1879. url p. 429, p. 438.
- Andorra hand-book [of trees and shrubs] Philadelphia url p. 106, p. 27.
- Annual report / Albany: University of the State of New York, 1902-1918. url p. 100, p. 122.
- Beautiful flowering trees and shrubs for British and Irish gardens / by John Weathers. London: Simpkin, Marshall, [1903?] url p. 93.
- Beautiful home surroundings / Framingham Nurseries. Framingham, Mass.: Framingham Nurseries, 1921. url p. 15, p. 18, p. 19.
- Beautiful home surroundings. Framingham, Mass., Framingham nurseries, c1918 url p. 15, p. 18, p. 19, p. 47, p. 56.
- Biltmore Nursery, Biltmorse, N.C. [North Carolina?: The Nursery?], c1912 url p. 165, p. 97.
- Charles Eliot, landscape architect: a lover of nature and of his kind, who trained himself for a new profession, practised it happily and through it wrought much good. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, c1902. url p. 121.
- Circular / United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. Washington, D.C.: The Bureau, 1904-1913. url p. 2.
- Climbing plants, by William Watson; with introduction by W. Robinson. London [etc.]T. C. & E. C. Jack url p. 126, p. 126, p. 23, p. 23.
- Commercial gardening, a practical & scientific treatise for market gardeners, market growers, fruit, flower & vegetable growers, nurserymen, etc. By many practical specialists under the editorship of John Weathers. London, The Gresham publishing company, 1913. url p. 22.
- Cooperative economic insect report. Hyattsville, MD. [etc.]Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs Animal and Plant Health Service. url p. 344, p. 358.
- Destructive insects affecting Ohio shade and forest trees / J. S. Houser. Wooster, Ohio: Experiment Station, 1918 url , p. 294.
- Florists' review Chicago: Florists' Pub. Co. url , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , p. 1400, p. 66, p. 93.
- Flower gardening, by H. S. Adams. New York, McBride, Nast & Company, 1913. url p. 178.
- Formal design in landscape architecture; a statement of principles with special reference to their present use in America, by Frank A. Waugh. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trèubner & Co., Ltd., 1927. url p. 102.
- Fritz Bahr's commercial floriculture; a practical manual for the retail grower, New York, The A. T. De la Mare company, inc.[c1922] url .
- Garden and forest; a journal of horticulture, landscape art and forestry. New York: The Garden and forest publishing co., 1888-97. url p. 320, p. 356, p. 518.
- Garden guide, the amateur gardener's handbook; how to plan, plant and maintain the home grounds, the suburban garden, the city lot. How to grow gook vegetables and fruit. How to care for roses and other favorite flowers, hardy plants, trees, shrub ed. by J. Harrison Dick... New York, A. T. De La Mare company, inc.1917 url p. 31.
- Garden guide, the amateur gardeners' handbook; how to plan, plant and maintain the home grounds, the suburban garden, the city lot. How to grow good vegetables and fruit. How to care for roses and other favorite flowers, hardy plants, trees, shrub New York, A. T. De La Mare company, inc.[c1917] url .
- Gardeners' chronicle of America. New York: Chronicle Press, 1905-1950. url p. 102, p. 143, p. 202, p. 269, p. 291.
- Gardening for amateurs; a simple, complete, and practical guide for garden lovers, edited by H. H. Thomas. Illustrated by twenty-four coloured plates and many hundreds of photographs and sketches. New York: Funk and Wagnalls company,  url p. 1121, p. 182, p. 332, p. 564, p. 882, p. 897.
- Gardening. Chicago, the Gardening Co., 1892-1925. url p. 147, p. 242, p. 243, p. 52.
- Gardens for small country houses, London, C. Scribner's Sons, 1920. url .
- Holly, yew & box, with notes on other evergreens, by W. Dallimore, and 175 illustrations. The descriptions of the varieties of the common holly are based on the monograph by Thomas Moore. London, John Lane company, 1908. url p. 271.
- Home fruit grower [by] M. G. Kains. New York, A.T. De La Mare company, inc., 1918. url p. 26.
- Horticulture, a text book for high schools and normals, including plant propagation; London, J.B. Lippincott company[c1922] url p. 374.
- Horticulture. Boston, Mass.: Horticulture Pub. Co., c1904- url , , , p. 16, p. 179, p. 264, p. 296, p. 313, p. 330, p. 348, p. 350, p. 36, p. 370, p. 372, p. 374, p. 388, p. 389, p. 390, p. 406, p. 408, p. 410, p. 425, p. 430, p. 441, p. 450, p. 457, p. 470, p. 473, p. 482, p. 583, p. 661, p. 665, p. 699, p. 77, p. 829.
- Horticulture; a text book for high schools and normals, London, J. B. Lippincott Co.[c1919] url .
- Hortus Veitchii: a history of the rise and progress of the nurseries of Messrs. James Veitch and sons, together with an account of the botanical collectors and hybridists employed by them and a list of the most remark by James H. Veitch; with fifty illustrations. London: J. Veitch & sons, 1906. url p. 528.
- How to lay out suburban home grounds, by Herbert J. Kellaway. .. New York, John Wiley & Sons, inc.; [etc., etc.]1915. url p. 101, p. 101, p. 120, p. 120, p. 66, p. 66.
- How to make home and city beautiful, prepared to help those interested in making attractive homes and beautiful cities, Northampton, Mass.[c1911] url .
- Irish gardening. Dublin: Pub. Office, 1906-1922 url p. 152, p. 163, p. 184, p. 39.
- Journal of genetics. Cambridge: University Press, 1910-1977. url p. 98.
- Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 16 1915 Lancaster, Pa.: Published for the Garden by the New Era Printing Co., 1900- url p. 55, p. 59, p. 60, p. 70.
- Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society. Oxford [etc.]Royal Microscopical Society. url p. 345.
- Landscape garden series, ed. by Ralph Rodney Root. Davenport, Ia.: The Garden Press,  url p. 18, p. 26, p. 36.
- Lawns and gardens. How to plant and beautify the home lot, the pleasure ground and garden, by N. Jönsson-Rose. With numerous plans and illustrations by the author. New York, G. P. Putnam, 1897. url p. 145.
- Little gardens and how to make the most of them, London, Cassell and company, limited, 1908. url .
- Manual of gardening: a practical guide to the making of home grounds and the growing of flowers, fruits, and vegetables for home use / New York: Macmillan Co., 1911. url .
- Manual of gardening; a practical guide to the making of home grounds and the growing of flowers, fruits, and vegetables for home use, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1917. url .
- Market nursery work; a series of six books on the cultivation of crops for market, by F. J. Fletcher. London, Benn Brothers, Ltd., 1921-22. url p. 63.
- Meehan's monthly: a magazine of horticulture, botany, and kindred subjects. Phila., PA: T. Meehan & Sons, 1891-1902. url .
- Milady's house plants, the complete instructor and guide to success with flowers and plants in the home, including a remarkable chapter on the ideal sun parlor, New York, A. T. De La Mare company, inc., 1917. url , , .
- Museum bulletin / Albany, N.Y.: University of the State of New York, 1908-1916. url p. 100, p. 122.
- My garden, by Louise Beebe Wilder. .. illustrated by Will Simmons. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday, Page & company, [c1916] url p. 206, p. 206, p. 255, p. 255, p. 275, p. 275.
- Ornamental gardening in Florida, by Charles Torrey Simpson; a treatise on the decorative plants adapted to Florida and their cultivation, with suggestions for the ornamentation of Florida homes and grounds. Little River, Fla., The author, 1916. url p. 191, p. 191, p. 39.
- Ornamental shrubs of the United States (hardy, cultivated) Cincinnati [etc]American Book Company[c1910] url .
- Our garden flowers; a popular study of their native lands, their life histories, and their structural affiliations, New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1910. url .
- Our mountain garden / by Mrs. Theodore Thomas (Rose Fay). .. New York: E.P. Dutton, c1915. url p. 235.
- Pages from a garden note-book, New York, C. Scribner's sons, 1921. url , p. 157.
- Pamphlets on forestry in Ohio. [1900?- url p. 294, p. 479.
- Pamphlets on silviculture. [1899- url p. 113, p. 154, p. 44, p. 448.
- Plans for pleasant home surroundings Harrisburg, Pa., J. H. McFarland co., horticultural printers, 1903 url p. 6.
- Plant-geography upon a physiological basis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1903. url p. 584.
- Practical tree repair; the physical repair of trees; bracing and the treatment of wounds and cavities. New YorkR.M. McBride1916 url p. 130.
- Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia url p. 15, p. 15, p. 65.
- Proceedings of the annual convention of the society of American Florists. Boston [etc.]Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturalists. url p. 111, p. 132.
- Report of the State Entomologist of Connecticut for the year. .. New Haven, [1902- url , p. 185, p. 297, p. 377.
- Residential sites and environments; their conveniences, gardens, parks, planting, etc. New York, A.T. Delamare Print. and Pub. Co., 1898. url p. 116, p. 23, p. 60, p. 70, p. 77.
- Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. Salem, Mass., 1923. url p. 140, p. 531.
- The "Illinois way" of beautifying the farm / by Wilhelm Miller. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station, 1914. url p. 11, p. 15, p. 32.
- The American florist: a weekly journal for the trade. Chicago: American Florist Company, [1885-1931] url p. 1045, p. 1054, p. 1068, p. 1072, p. 1171, p. 1219, p. 1233, p. 1244, p. 1288, p. 1333, p. 137, p. 152, p. 180, p. 2, p. 41, p. 416, p. 436, p. 438, p. 475, p. 486, p. 534, p. 567, p. 634, p. 663, p. 678, p. 684, p. 710, p. 718, p. 72, p. 738, p. 801, p. 804, p. 842, p. 87, p. 885, p. 904, p. 925, p. 963, p. 989.
- The American flower garden / by Neltje Blanchan; planting lists by Leonard Barron; illustrated with one hundred full-page photographs. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1909. url , p. 333, p. 333, p. 366.
- The American flower garden, New York, Doubleday, Page & company, 1909. url p. 333, p. 366.
- The California horticulturist and floral magazine. San Francisco, Calif.: F.A. Miller & Co., 1870- url , p. 205, p. 276, p. 317, p. 386.
- The Canadian horticulturist [monthly] St. Catharines, E.S. Leavenworth. url p. 118, p. 186, p. 32, p. 442, p. 65.
- The Floral world and garden guide. London, Groombridge and Sons, 1858-1880. url .
- The Florists' exchange: a weekly medium of interchange for florists, nurserymen, seedsmen and the trade in general. New York, N.Y.: [A.T. De la Mare Ptg. and Pub. Co., url , , , p. 1035, p. 1039, p. 1042, p. 1045, p. 1062, p. 109, p. 1098, p. 11, p. 1153, p. 1179, p. 1209, p. 123, p. 1233, p. 1297, p. 1380, p. 1393, p. 1427, p. 1488, p. 151, p. 153, p. 161, p. 1613, p. 197, p. 199, p. 220, p. 227, p. 231, p. 252, p. 254, p. 263, p. 269, p. 297, p. 309, p. 32, p. 323, p. 334, p. 343, p. 362, p. 379, p. 379, p. 388, p. 401, p. 412, p. 427, p. 431, p. 436, p. 458, p. 468, p. 470, p. 474, p. 495, p. 497, p. 523, p. 526, p. 528, p. 531, p. 536, p. 543, p. 562, p. 563, p. 577, p. 580, p. 584, p. 594, p. 60, p. 606, p. 610, p. 617, p. 621, p. 622, p. 640, p. 649, p. 649, p. 65, p. 662, p. 681, p. 687, p. 688, p. 707, p. 712, p. 722, p. 722, p. 736, p. 742, p. 746, p. 757, p. 767, p. 769, p. 788, p. 792, p. 794, p. 820, p. 821, p. 825, p. 843, p. 848, p. 850, p. 855, p. 869, p. 872, p. 873, p. 880, p. 884, p. 895, p. 907, p. 909, p. 91, p. 915, p. 916, p. 925, p. 944, p. 963, p. 963, p. 966, p. 975, p. 992, p. 992.
- The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London: [s.n., url , , , , , p. 104, p. 110, p. 115, p. 118, p. 124, p. 128, p. 133, p. 134, p. 144, p. 15, p. 158, p. 159, p. 160, p. 160, p. 174, p. 178, p. 178, p. 184, p. 187, p. 189, p. 193, p. 202, p. 211, p. 213, p. 214, p. 214, p. 215, p. 218, p. 219, p. 223, p. 226, p. 239, p. 241, p. 255, p. 261, p. 269, p. 275, p. 3, p. 328, p. 341, p. 356, p. 357, p. 36, p. 36, p. 372, p. 376, p. 38, p. 382, p. 415, p. 424, p. 444, p. 448, p. 454, p. 476, p. 5, p. 511, p. 512, p. 524, p. 558, p. 583, p. 59, p. 59, p. 596, p. 60, p. 617, p. 620, p. 627, p. 630, p. 73, p. 77, p. 77, p. 79, p. 83, p. 95.
- The Gardener's monthly and horticulturist. Philadelphia, Pa.: Charles H. Marot, 1876-1888. url , , , , , , , p. 306, p. 386, p. 386, p. 7, p. 71.
- The Gardener. Edinburgh;W. Blackwood and sons, 1867-1882. url p. 35, p. 489, p. 547.
- The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette. London: published for the proprietors, 1844-1873. url p. 1060, p. 1114, p. 1208, p. 1256, p. 137, p. 187, p. 436, p. 760, p. 821, p. 918, p. 995.
- The Gardeners' chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London: [Gardeners Chronicle], 1874-1955. url , , p. 100, p. 111, p. 117, p. 132, p. 143, p. 144, p. 156, p. 182, p. 186, p. 196, p. 204, p. 206, p. 229, p. 240, p. 242, p. 247, p. 258, p. 262, p. 266, p. 27, p. 281, p. 285, p. 298, p. 304, p. 308, p. 32, p. 331, p. 336, p. 336, p. 361, p. 365, p. 38, p. 384, p. 390, p. 399, p. 413, p. 416, p. 42, p. 430, p. 439, p. 452, p. 474, p. 48, p. 481, p. 482, p. 495, p. 496, p. 514, p. 532, p. 537, p. 544, p. 550, p. 567, p. 582, p. 583, p. 584, p. 597, p. 60, p. 600, p. 647, p. 667, p. 673, p. 683, p. 709, p. 729, p. 739, p. 766, p. 80, p. 800, p. 806, p. 810, p. 814, p. 87, p. 88, p. 94, p. 96, p. 99, p. 99.
- The Journal of horticulture, cottage gardener and country gentlemen. London: George W. Johnson and Robert Hogg, 1861-1877. url p. 141, p. 158, p. 246, p. 258, p. 299, p. 32, p. 329, p. 330, p. 331, p. 424, p. 432, p. 449, p. 515.
- The Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, Japan = Tokyo Teikoku Daigaku kiyo. Rika. Tokyo, Japan: The University, 1898-1925. url p. 124.
- The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. 30 1895 London: the Society: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green: ||Williams and Norgate, 1865-1968. url p. 479, p. 542.
- The University of Kansas science bulletin. 19 1930 [Lawrence]: University of Kansas, 1902-1996. url p. 222, p. 235, p. 243, p. 257, p. 259.
- The anthocyanin pigments of plants. By Muriel Wheldale. Cambridge, University Press, 1916. url p. 100, p. 309, p. 99.
- The art of beautifying suburban home grounds of small extent. Illustrated by upward of two hundred plates and engravings of plans for residences and their grounds, of trees and shrubs, and garden embellishments; with descriptions of the beautiful and hardy trees By Frank J. Scott. New York, John B. Alden, 1886. url p. 486.
- The art of landscape architecture, its development and its application to modern landscape gardening, London, G.P. Putnam's sons, 1915. url , .
- The beginner's garden book; a textbook for the upper grammar grades, New York, The Macmillan Co., 1914. url .
- The blossom circle of the year in southern gardens, New York, N.Y., A. T. De La Mare company, inc., 1922. url p. 10, p. 198.
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- The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated with colored plates, four thousand engravings in the text, and ninety-six full-page cuts. New York, Macmillan, 1919 [c1914] url p. 433.
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- Vernacular list of trees, shrubs, and woody climbers in the Madras Presidency. Madras, Printed by the Superintendant, Government Press, 1915. url p. 559, p. 854, p. 932, p. 933.
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