Common Names in English:
Cardinal Spear, Cardinal-Spear, Cherokee Bean, Cherokee-Bean, Coral Bean, Coral Tree, Coral-Bean, Eastern Coralbean, Red Cardinal, Red-Cardinal, Redcardinal
or undershrubs; branches often prickly. Leaf pinnately trifoliolate
; stipules small. Inflorescence axillary
, flowers usually clustered, scarlet, showy. Calyx with an oblique
to the base
, bilabiate. Vexillum much longer
than the wing
and the keel. Stamens mono
, vexillary stamen free nearly to the base or connate
with others, anthers
. Ovary stipitate
, many-ovuled, style incurved
, stigma small, terminal. Fruit stipitate, torulose
A genus with about 108 species (Krukoff & Barneby l.c.), tropical and sub-tropical in distribution; locally represented by 3 species.
Habit: Herb, Shrub • Climbing: Not Climbing
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February. • Flower Color: red
Size: 36-48" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,401 meters (0 to 7,877 feet).
Culture: Space 36-48" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.1 • Maximum pH: 5.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Rosanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Corallodendron herbaceum (L.) Kuntze • Corallodendron herbaceum (L.)kuntze • Erythrina arborea Small • Erythrina hederaefolia Spreng. • Erythrina herbacea var. arborea Chapman • Erythrina humilis Salisb. • Erythrina rubicunda Jacq. • Xyphanthus hederifolius Raf.
Members of the genus Erythrina
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 50 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
E. abyssinica (Coral Tree) · E. abyssinica abyssinica (Erythrina) · E. acanthocarpa (Tambookie Thorn) · E. americana (Naked Coral Tree) · E. berteriana (Machete) · E. berteroana (Amapola De Cerca) · E. bidwillii (Amapola) · E. caffra (Cape Kaffirboom) · E. chiapasana (Pipal) · E. chiriquensis (Erythrina) · E. corallodendron (Amapola) · E. corallodendron var. bicolor (Bois Immortelle) · E. coralloides (Naked Coral Tree) · E. crista-galli (Brazillian Coral Tree) · E. dominguezii (Seibo Rosado) · E. edulis (Sachaporoto) · E. eggersii (Cock's-Spur) · E. falcata (Brazilian Coral Tree) · E. flabelliformis (Colorines) · E. folkersii (Coral Tree) · E. fusca (Amapola) · E. guatemalensis (Pito) · E. herbacea (Cardinal Spear) · E. humeana (Coral Bean) · E. indica (Indian Coral Tree) · E. indica var. picta (Samoan Sunshine Tree) · E. lanceolata (Machete Tree) · E. latissima (Broad-Leafed Coral Tree) · E. lysistemon (Common Coral Tree) · E. macrophylla (Machetillos) · E. mexicana (Pito) · E. mitis (Nourouc Sans pines) · E. poeppigiana (Anauca) · E. sandwicensis (Wili Wili) · E. senegalensis (Senegal Coraltree) · E. speciosa (Coral Tree) · E. speciosa 'Rosea' (Coral Tree) · E. standleyana (Chacmolche) · E. stricta (Coral-Tree) · E. suberosa (Coral Tree) · E. subumbrans (Erythrina) · E. sykesii (Coral Tree) · E. tahitensis (Oporavainui) · E. variegata (Amapola) · E. velutina (Bico-De-Papagaio) · E. verna (Mulungú) · E. vespertilio (Bat's Wing Coral Tree) · E. x bidwillii (Coral Tree) · E. x sykesii (Coral Tree) · E. zeyheri (Ploughbreaker)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 21, 2007:
- Comisión nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, Herbario del Instituto de Ecología, A.C., México
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- The New York Botanical Garden, Vascular Plant Type Specimens
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2650910
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ILD-8788
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13641984
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:96601-2
- GRIN Nomen Number: 15748
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 26678
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDFAB1M070
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: ERHE4
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 38465
- "Erythrina". in Flora of Pakistan Page 235. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 72.350 meters (237.369 feet), Standard Deviation = 217.190 based on 216 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]