, biennial, or perennial
, rarely subshrubs
, malpighiaceous or 3-5(-8) -rayed stellate
. Stems simple
or branched basally and/or apically. Basal leaves
, rosulate, simple, entire or dentate
, rarely pinnatifid
. Cauline leaves petiolate or sessile, cuneate or attenuate at base
, rarely auriculate
, entire or dentate. Racemes
or basally bracteate
, rarely bracteate throughout, corymbose
, elongated or not in fruit. Fruiting pedicels slender or thickened and nearly as wide as fruit, erect
, or reflexed
. Sepals oblong
, erect, pubescent
, base of lateral
or not. Petals yellow or orange, rarely white, pink, purple, or violet; blade
, or oblong, apex rounded
differentiated from blade, subequaling or longer
than sepals. Stamens 6, erect, tetradynamous
oblong or linear. Nectar glands 1, 2, or 4, distinct
bases of all stamens; median
present or absent. Ovules 15-100 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques or rarely silicles
, linear or rarely oblong, terete
, 4-angled, latiseptate
, or angustiseptate, sessile or rarely shortly stipitate
with an obscure
, pubescent on outside, rarely also on inside, keeled
or not, smooth
; replum rounded; septum complete
, membranous, translucent
, veinless; style obsolete
or short, rarely half as long as or subequaling fruit, often pubescent; stigma capitate, entire or 2-lobed. Seeds uniseriate
or rarely biseriate
, or wingless, oblong, plump or flattened; seed coat
when wetted; cotyledons incumbent
or rarely accumbent
About 150 species: N hemisphere, primarily in Asia and Europe, with 14 species in Central and North America and eight species in N Africa and Macaronesia; 17 species (five endemic) in China.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Ranunculanae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Members of the genus Erysimum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 71 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
E. ammophilum (Coast Wallflower) · E. angustatum (Contra Coasta Wallflower) · E. arenicola (Cascade Wallflower) · E. arenicola S.Watson var. arenicola S.Watson (Cascade Wallflower) · E. arenicola S.Watson var. torulosum (Piper) C.L.Hitchc. (Cascade Wallflower) · E. arenicola var. arenicola (Cascade Wallflower) · E. arenicola var. torulosum (Cascade Wallflower) · E. capitatum (Alpine Wallflower) · E. capitatum subsp. angustatum (Contra Costa Wallflower) · E. capitatum angustatum var. angustatum (Western Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. angustatum (Contra Costa Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. bealianum (Sanddune Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. capitatum (Sanddune Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. lompocense (San Luis Obispo Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. lompocense (G.Rossb.) Kartesz, comb. nov. ined. (San Luis Obispo Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. perenne (Sanddune Wallflower) · E. capitatum var. purshii (Purshs Wallflower) · E. cheiranthoides (Treacle Wallflower) · E. cheiri (Aegean Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Blood Red' (English Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Fair Lady Mix' (English Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Harpur Crewe' (English Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Ivory White' (English Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Jane's Derision' (Aegean Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Persian Carpet Mix' (English Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Ruby Gem' (English Wallflower) · E. cheiri 'Vulcan' (English Wallflower) · E. durum (Hard Wallflower) · E. franciscanum (San Francisco Wallflower) · E. franciscanum var. franciscanum (San Francisco Wallflower) · E. glandulosum (Jewelflower) · E. helveticum (Tufted Wallflower) · E. hieraciifolium (European Wallflower) · E. hirsutum (Hairy Rockcress) · E. holboellii (Holboell's Rockcress) · E. inconspicuum (Shy Wallflower) · E. inconspicuum (S.Watson) MacM. var. coarctatum (Fern.) G.Rossb. (Shy Wallflower) · E. inconspicuum var. coarctatum (Shy Wallflower) · E. inconspicuum var. inconspicuum (Shy Wallflower) · E. insulare (Island Wallflower) · E. insulare insulare (Island Wallflower) · E. insulare suffrutescens (Island Wallflower) · E. kotschyanum (Kotschy Erysimum) · E. linifolium (Alpine Wallflower) · E. linifolium 'Julian Orchard' (Alpine Wallflower) · E. linifolium 'Variegatum' (Variegated Wallflower) · E. linifolium 'Wenlock Beauty' (Alpine Wallflower) · E. menziesii (Coast Wallflower) · E. menziesii menziesii (Coast Wallflower) · E. menziesii yadonii (Menzies' Wallflower) · E. occidentale (Pale Wallflower) · E. odoratum (Smelly Wallflower) · E. pallasii (Pallas Wallflower) · E. pallasii var. bracteosum (Pallas' Wallflower) · E. pallasii var. ochroleucum (Pallas' Wallflower) · E. pallasii var. pallasii (Pallas' Wallflower) · E. perofskianum (Afghan Erysimum) · E. perofskianum 'Gold Shot' (Afghan Erysimum) · E. repandum (Repand Wallflower) · E. suffrutescens var. suffrutescens (Shrubby Wallflower) · E. teretifolium (Ben Lomond Wallflower) · E. xmarshallii (Siberian Wallflower) · E. x marshallii (Siberian Wallflower) · E. 'Apricot Twist' (Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'Bowles' Mauve' (Bowles' Mauve Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'Cotswold Gem' (Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'Fragrant Sunshine' (Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'John Codrington' (Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'Pastel Patchwork' (Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'Plant World Gold' (Perennial Wallflower) · E. 'Plant World Lemon' (Perennial Wallflower)
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- C.E. Hobbs' Botanical hand-book: of common local, English, botanical and pharmacopœial names arranged in alphabetical order, of most of the crude vegetable drugs, etc., in common use: their properties, productions and uses in an abb Boston: Printed by C.C. Roberts, 1876. url .
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