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Eryngium foetidum



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Interesting Facts

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

قرصعنة كريهة الرائحة

Common Names in Bengali, Bangla:

বন ধনিয়া

Common Names in Chinese:

Ci Qin, Ci Yan Sui, Mei Guo Ci Yan Sui (Taiwan), 刺芫荽, 刺芹

Common Names in Dutch:


Common Names in English:

Culantro, Black Benny, False Coriander, Fit-Weed, Fitweed, Long Coriander, Long-Leaved Coriander, Mexican Coriander, Mexican Culantro, Puerto Rican Coriander, Saw Leaf Herb, Saw Tooth Coriander, Shadow-Beni, Shadow-Benny, Spiny Coriander, Spirit Weed, Spiritweed, Stinkweed, Thai Parsley, Thorny Coriander, Wild Coriander

Common Names in Esperanto:


Common Names in Finnish:


Common Names in French:

Azier La Fièvre, Azier La Fièvre (French Guiana), Chardon étoilé, Chardon étoile Fétide, Coriandre Chinoise, Coriandre De Java, Coriandre Du Mexique, Coriandre Mexicain, Coulante, Coulante (Haiti), Herbe Puante, Panicaut Fétide, Panicaut Fétide

Common Names in German:

Langer Koriander, Mexicanischer Koriander, Mexikanischer Koriander, Stinkdistel

Common Names in Haitian, Haitian Creole:


Common Names in Hindi:

Bhandhania, Bhandhanya

Common Names in Hungarian:

Hosszú Koriander, Hosszú Koriander, Iringó, Mexikói Koriander, Mexikói Koriander, Puerto Ricó-I Koriander, Puerto Ricó-I Koriander

Common Names in Indonesian:


Common Names in Japanese:

Pe-Re-Ni-A-Ru-Ko-Ri-A-N-Da--, Pereniaru Koriandaa, Pereniaru-Korianda, ペレニアルコリアンダー

Common Names in Khmer:

Chi Banla, Chi Baraing, Chi Barong, Chi Pa La, Chi Pa Rang, Chi Pa-La, Chi Parang, Chi Sangkaech

Common Names in Lao:

Phak Hom Thet

Common Names in Laotian:

Phak Hom Thet

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Kvapioji Zunda

Common Names in Malay:

Jeraju Gunung, Kangkong Kerbau, Ketumbar Java, Ketumbar Jawa, Ketumbar Jawa (Indonesia), Ketumbar Landa, Pokok Jeraju Gunung, Walangan (Indonesia)

Common Names in Malayalam:

ആഫ്രിക്കൻ മല്ലി

Common Names in Portuguese:

Chicória-De-Caboclo, Coantro De Caboclo, Coentro bravo, Coentro-Bravo, Coentro-De-Caboclo

Common Names in Russian:

Эрингиум пахучий

Common Names in Slovak:

Koriander Dlhý

Common Names in Spanish:

Acopate, Alcapate (El Salvador), Cilantro, Cilantro Cimarrón (Mexico), Cilantro De La Habana (Mexico), Cilantro Extranjero (México), Cilantro Habanero, Culantro, Culantro De Coyote, Dominica), Orégano De Cartagena, Perejil (Mexico), Racao (Puerto Rico), Shado Benee (Caribbean, Shado Beni (Caribbean, Trinidad)

Common Names in Sundanese:

Balang Katuncar, Katuncar Walanda, Katuncar Walang, Katuntjar Walang, Singa Depa, Walang Anjing, Walang Cina, Walang Duri, Walang Geni, Walang Katuncar

Common Names in Swedish:

Mexikansk Koriander

Common Names in Thai:

Hom-Pomkula, Mae-Lae-Doe, Pak Ch Farang, Pak Chi Farang, Phakchi Farang, ผักชีฝรั่ง

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Cây Ngò Tàu, Mùi Tàu, Mùi Tu, Mùi tàu, Ngò Gai, Ngò Tây, Rau Ngò Gai, Rau Ngò Tây


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Family Apiaceae

Herbs, annual or perennial , rarely woody at base . Caulescent or acaulescent , stem hollow or solid. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite or basal; petiole usually sheathing at base; stipules absent (except in subfam. Hydrocotyloideae) ; leaf blade compound or sometimes simple , usually much incised or divided , pinnatifid to pinnatisect , or ternate-pinnately decompound . Flowers epigynous , small, bisexual or staminate (unisexual male), regular, in simple or compound umbels; umbellules few to many-flowered; rays often subtended by bracts forming a involucre; umbellules (sometimes called umbellets ) usually subtended by bracteoles forming an involucel . Pedicels long, short or obsolete (then forming a capitate umbellule) . Calyx tube wholly adnate to the ovary; calyx teeth (sometimes called sepals) small or obsolete, forming a ring around the top of the ovary. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, with one anatropous ovule in each locule. Styles 2, usually swollen at the base forming a stylopodium which often secretes nectar. Fruit dry, of two mericarps united by their faces (commissure ), and usually attached to a central axis (carpophore), from which the mericarps separate at maturity; mericarps are variously flattened dorsally , laterally or terete ; each mericarp has 5 primary ribs , one down the back (dorsal rib), two on the edges near the commissure (lateral ribs ), and two between the dorsal and lateral ribs (intermediate ribs), occasionally with four secondary ribs alternating with the primary , the ribs filiform to broadly winged , thin or corky; vittae (oil-tubes) usually present in the furrow (intervals between the ribs sometimes called the valleculae) and on the commissure face, rarely also in the pericarp, sometimes obscure . Each mericarp 1-seeded, splitting apart at maturity. Seed face (commissural albumen) plane , concave to sulcate .

Between 250 and 440( 455) genera and 3300 3700 species: widely distributed in the temperate zone of both hemispheres, mainly in Eurasia and especially in C Asia; 100 genera (ten endemic) and 614 species (340 endemic) in China.[1]

Genus Eryngium

Herbs biennial or perennial , caulescent or acaulescent , usually glabrous . Taproot fusiform or stout. Stem solitary, creeping to erect , branched above. Leaves simple ; petioles sheathing ; blade entire, pinnately or palmately parted or divided , leathery or membranous, venation parallel or reticulate , margin often ciliate to spinose . Umbels simple, capitate forming globose to cylindrical heads ; heads solitary or in cymes, sometimes racemes ; bracts 1 to several, entire or divided, subtending the head; bracteoles 1 to many, subtending the individual flowers. Flowers small, bisexual , sessile. Calyx teeth prominent , persistent , ovate to lanceolate, acute to obtuse . Petals white or purple, ovate to oblong , with incurved apex. Stylopodium absent; styles shorter than or exceeding the calyx teeth. Fruit globose to obovoid , scarcely flattened laterally, variously covered with scales or tubercles ; ribs obsolete ; vittae mostly 5, inconspicuous; commissure broad. Seed subterete in cross section , face plane or slightly concave . Carpophore absent.

Between 220 and 250 species: tropics and temperate regions worldwide, especially South America; two species in China.[2]

Physical Description

Species Eryngium foetidum

Plants 8-40 cm high from a basal rosette. Taproot fusiform with fibrous roots . Stem green. Basal leaves numerous ; petiole short or obsolete , sheath up to 3 cm; blade lanceolate or oblanceolate , entire, 5-25 × 1.2-4 cm, venation pinnately reticulate , base cuneate to decurrent, apex obtuse , callous-margined, crenate to finely spinulose-serrate. Upper leaves sessile, opposite deeply spinulose-serrate to parted . Inflorescence divaricately trifurcate ; lateral branches often continuing to form a monochasium , heads numerous, short-pedunculate. Flower heads cylindrical, 5-12 × 3-5 mm; bracts 4-7, foliaceous , lanceolate, 1.5-3.5 × 0.4-1 cm, spreading to reflexed , margin 1-3-spinulose-serrate; bracteoles lanceolate, 1.5-1.8 × ca. 0.6 mm, brightly scarious-margined. Calyx teeth ovate-lanceolate, 0.5-1 mm, acute, equaling petals. Petals white or pale yellow. Styles erect , ca. 1.1 mm, exceeding calyx teeth. Fruit ovoid-globose, 1.1-1.3 mm, covered with tubercles . Fl. and fr. Apr-Dec. [source]

Habit: Forb/herb

Flowers: Bloom Period: June, July, August. • Flower Color: medium blue


Size: 24-36" tall.


Forests , stream banks, moist places, roadsides; 100-1500 m (Ref. 100529).

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,028 meters (0 to 9,934 feet).[3]


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Duration: Annual , Perennial


Culture: Space 15-18" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10b, 11. (map)


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Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Eryngium

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 78 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

E. agavifolium (Agave-Leaved Sea Holly) · E. alismifolium (Inland Coyote-Thistle) · E. alpinum (Alpine Eryngo) · E. alpinum 'Amethyst' (Alpine Eryngo) · E. alpinum 'Blue Star' (Alpine Eryngo) · E. alpinum 'Superbum' (Alpine Eryngo) · E. amethystinum (Amethyst Coyote-Thistle) · E. amethystinum 'Sapphire Blue' (Amethyst Sea Holly) · E. aquaticum (Button-Snakeroot) · E. aquaticum L. var. aquaticum L. (Rattlesnakemaster) · E. aquaticum L. var. ravenelii (Gray) Mathias & Constance (Rattlesnakemaster) · E. aquaticum var. aquaticum (Rattlesnakemaster) · E. aquaticum var. ravenelii (Rattlesnakemaster) · E. aristulatum (California Eryngo) · E. aristulatum Jeps. var. aristulatum Jeps. (California Eryngo) · E. aristulatum Jeps. var. hooveri Sheikh (Hoover's Eryngo) · Euonymus obovatus (Parish's Eryngo) · E. aristulatum var. aristulatum (California Eryngo) · E. aristulatum var. hooveri (Hoover's Eryngo) · E. aristulatum var. parishii (San Diego Button-Celery) · E. armatum (Armed Coyote-Thistle) · E. aromaticum (Fragrant Coyote-Thistle) · E. articulatum (Beethistle) · E. baldwinii (Baldwin's Coyote-Thistle) · E. bourgatii (Mediterranean Sea Holly) · E. campestre (Field Eryngo) · E. castrense (Great Valley Eryngo) · E. constancei (Loch Lomond Coyote-Thistle) · E. creticum (Eryngo) · E. cuneifolium (Scrub Eryngium) · E. diffusum (Bushy Eryngo) · E. divaricatum (Ballast Coyote-Thistle) · E. ebracteatum (Burnet-Flowered Eryngium) · E. eburneum (Sea Holly) · E. foetidum (Culantro) · E. giganteum (Giant Sea Holly) · E. heterophyllum (Mexican Thistle) · E. hookeri (Hooker's Coyote-Thistle) · E. humile (Eryngium) · E. integrifolium (Blue Eryngo) · E. leavenworthii (Leavenworth Eryngo) · E. lemmonii (Chiricahua Mountain Coyote-Thistle) · E. maritimum (Sea Holly) · E. mathiasiae (Mathias' Coyote-Thistle) · E. nasturtiifolium (Hierba Del Sapo) · E. nudum (Puerto Rican Coriander) · E. ovinum (Blue Devil) · E. pandanifolium (Giant Sea Holly) · E. pendletonensis (Pendleton Button-Celery) · E. petiolatum (Coyote Thistle) · E. phyteumae (Huachuca Mountain Coyote-Thistle) · E. pinnatifidum (Blue Devils) · E. pinnatisectum (Tuolumne Button-Celery) · E. planum (Plain Coyote-Thistle) · E. planum 'Blue Cap' (Sea Holly) · E. planum 'Blue Ribbon' (Sea Holly) · E. planum 'Sunny Jackpot' (Blue Eryngo 'sunny Jackpot') · E. prostratum (Creeping Eryngo) · E. proteiflorum (Sea Holly) · E. racemosum (Delta Coyote-Thistle) · E. serra (Sea Holly) · E. sparganophyllum (Arizona Eryngo) · E. spinosepalum (Spiny Sepaled Coyote-Thistle) · E. tricuspidatum (Sea Holly) · E. tripartitum (Sea Holly) · E. variifolium (Moroccan Sea Holly) · E. vaseyi (Coyotethistle) · E. venustum (Sea Holly) · E. vesiculosum (Pricklefoot) · E. x oliverianum (Sea Holly) · E. x zabelii (Zabel Sea Holly) · E. x zabelii 'Donard Variety' (Zabel Sea Holly) · E. x zabelii 'Violetta' (Zabel Sea Holly) · E. yuccifolium (Button Eryngo) · E. yuccifolium Michx. var. yuccifolium Michx. (Button Eryngo) · E. yuccifolium var. synchaetum (Button Eryngo) · E. yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (Button Eryngo) · E. 'Sapphire Blue' (Sapphire Blue Sea Holly)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 19, 2007:



  1. Menglan She, Fading Pu, Zehui Pan, Mark Watson, John F. M. Cannon, Ingrid Holmes-Smith, Eugene V. Kljuykov, Loy R. Phillippe & Michael G. Pimenov "Apiaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 1. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. Sheh Meng-lan, Mark F. Watson "Eryngium". in Flora of China Vol. 14 Page 24. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  3. Mean = 347.080 meters (1,138.714 feet), Standard Deviation = 769.460 based on 293 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-01-30