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Eragrostis trichophora

(Hairyflower Lovegrass)

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Afrikaans:

Blousaadgras

Common Names in English:

Hairyflower Lovegrass, Atherstone Love Grass

Description

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Family Poaceae

Annual or perennial herbs, or tall woody bamboos . Flowering stems (culms ) jointed , internodes hollow or solid; branches arising singly from nodes and subtended by a leaf sheath and 2-keeled prophyll, often fascicled in bamboos. Leaves arranged alternately in 2 ranks , differentiated into sheath, blade , and an adaxial erect appendage at sheath/blade junction (ligule) ; leaf sheath surrounding and supporting culm-internode, split to base or infrequently tubular with partially or completely fused margins , modified with reduced blade in bamboos (culm sheaths) ; leaf blades divergent, usually long, narrow and flat, but varying from inrolled and filiform to ovate , veins parallel, sometimes with cross-connecting veinlets (especially in bamboos) ; ligule membranous or a line of hairs . Inflorescence terminal or axillary , an open, contracted , or spikelike panicle, or composed of lax to spikelike racemes arranged along an elongate central axis, or digitate, paired , or occasionally solitary; axillary inflorescences often many, subtended by spatheoles (specialized bladeless leaf sheaths) and gathered into a leafy compound panicle; spikelets often aggregated into complex clusters in bamboos. Spikelets composed of distichous bracts arranged along a slender axis (rachilla) ; typically 2 lowest bracts (glumes ) empty, subtending 1 to many florets ; glumes often poorly differentiated from accompanying bracts in bamboos. Florets composed of 2 opposing bracts enclosing a single small flower, outer bract (lemma) clasping the more delicate, usually 2-keeled inner bract (palea) ; base of floret often with thickened prolongation articulated with rachilla (callus) ; lemma often with apical or dorsal bristle (awn ), glumes also sometimes awned . Flowers bisexual or unisexual ; lodicules (small scales representing perianth) 2, rarely 3 or absent, 3 to many in bamboos, hyaline or fleshy ; stamens 3 rarely 1, 2, 6, or more in some bamboos, hypogynous, filaments capillary , anthers versatile; ovary 1-celled, styles (1 or) 2(rarely 3), free or united at base, topped by feathery stigmas, exserted from sides or apex of floret. Fruit normally a dry indehiscent caryopsis with thin pericarp firmly adherent to seed, pericarp rarely free, fleshy in some bamboos; embryo small or large; hilum punctate to linear .

About 700 genera and 11,000 species: widely distributed in all regions of the world.[1]

Genus Eragrostis

Annual or perennial , often glandular particularly on the leaf sheaths and inflorescence. Leaf blades mostly flat, sometimes rolled, rarely pungent ; ligule a line of hairs or sometimes membranous. Inflorescence an open, contracted , spiciform or glomerate panicle, very rarely of racemes on a central axis. Spikelets 2- to many-flowered, laterally compressed , orbicular to vermiform , variously disarticulating . Glumes unequal, deciduous or persistent , 1(-3) -veined. Lemmas membranous to coriaceous , keeled or rounded , glabrous to asperulous or rarely hairy , 3-veined or the veins sometimes very faint and occasionally suppressed , apex entire, obtuse to acuminate, rarely mucronate . Palea keels sometimes winged or ciliate . Stamens 2 or 3. Fruit mostly globose , ellipsoid , or rectangular-prismatic, usually a caryopsis but sometimes the pericarp free .

About 350 species: tropics and subtropics throughout the world; 32 species (11 endemic, one introduced ) in China.[2]

Physical Description

Habit: Graminoid

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: Perennial

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Eragrostis atherstonii Stapf.

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Eragrostis

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 92 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

E. airoides (Darnel Love Grass) · E. amabilis (Japanese Love Grass) · E. aspera (Rough Lovegrass) · E. atropioides (Hard-Stem Lovegrass) · E. atrovirens (Thalia Lovegrass) · E. bahiensis (Bahia Lovegrass) · E. barrelieri (Mediterranean Lovegrass) · E. brownii (Bay Grass) · E. capillaris (Lace Grass) · E. chloromelas (Narrow Curly Leaf) · E. cilianensis (Candy Grass) · E. ciliaris (Gophertail Love-Grass) · E. ciliaris brachystachya (Gophertail Lovegrass) · E. ciliaris var. brachystachya (Gophertail Lovegrass) · E. ciliaris var. ciliaris (Gophertail Lovegrass) · E. ciliaris var. laxa (Gophertail Lovegrass) · E. cumingii (Browne's Lovegrass) · E. curtipedicellata (Gummy Lovegrass) · E. curvula (Weeping Love Grass) · E. cylindriflora (Cylinderflower Lovegrass) · E. deflexa (Pacific Lovegrass) · E. echinochloidea (African Lovegrass) · E. elliottii (Blue Eros) · E. elliottii 'Wind Dancer' (Wind Dancer Field Lovegrass) · E. elongata (Long Lovegrass) · E. erosa (Chihuahua Lovegrass) · E. fosbergii (Fosberg's Love Grass) · E. frankii (Frank's Love-Grass) · E. gangetica (Slim Flower Love Grass) · E. glutinosa (Sticky Lovegrass) · E. grandis (Large Hawai'i Lovegrass) · E. gummiflua (Gumgrass) · E. hirsuta (Big-Top Lovegrass) · E. hispida (Broad-Leaved Zimbabwe Lovegrass) · E. hypnoides (Creeping Eragrostis) · E. intermedia (Plains Lovegrass) · E. japonica (Pond Lovegrass) · E. laxa (Gophertail Lovegrass) · E. lehmanniana (Lehmann Lovegrass) · E. leptophylla (Mountain Love Grass) · E. leptostachya (Australian Lovegrass) · E. lugens (Mourning Lovegrass) · E. lutescens (Six-Weeks Lovegrass) · E. mauiensis (Maui Love Grass) · E. mexicana (Mexican Lovegrass) · E. mexicana mexicana (New Mexico Lovegrass) · E. mexicana virescens (Mexican Lovegrass) · E. minor (Little Love Grass) · E. monticola (Kalamalo) · E. obtusiflora (Alkali Lovegrass) · E. palmeri (Rio Grande Love-Grass) · E. paradoxa (Fine-Leaved Zimbabwe Lovegrass) · E. parviflora (Smallflower Lovegrass) · E. paupera (Oahu Lovegrass) · E. paupera macradenia var. macradenia (Oahu Lovegrass) · E. pectinacea (Purple Love Grass) · E. pectinacea var. miserrima (Desert Lovegrass) · E. pectinacea var. pectinacea (Purple Love Grass) · E. pectinacea var. tracyi (Sanibel Island Lovegrass) · E. pilosa (India Love-Grass) · E. pilosa var. pilosa (India Lovegrass) · E. plana (South African Lovegrass) · E. poaeoides (Little Love Grass) · E. polytricha (Hairysheath Lovegrass) · E. prolifera (Dominican Lovegrass) · E. refracta (Coastal Lovegrass) · E. rigidior (Curlyleaf) · E. scaligera (Tender Lovegrass) · E. secundiflora (Red Lovegrass) · E. sessilispica (Tumble Lovegrass) · E. setifolia (Bristleleaf Lovegrass) · E. silveana (Silveus Lovegrass) · E. spectabilis (Petticoat-Climber) · E. spicata (Spike Lovegrass) · E. suaveolens (Candy Lovegrass) · E. superba (Wilman Lovegrass) · E. swallenii (Swallen's Lovegrass) · E. tef (Annual Bunch Grass) · E. tenella (Japanese Lovegrass) · E. tenuifolia (Elastic Grass) · E. trichocolea (Hairy-Sheath Lovegrass) · E. trichocolea var. floridana (Hairysheath Lovegrass) · E. trichocolea var. trichocolea (Hairysheath Lovegrass) · E. trichodes (Sand Lovegrass) · E. trichodes var. trichodes (Sand Lovegrass) · E. trichoides (Sand Love Grass) · E. trichophora (Hairyflower Lovegrass) · E. unioloides (Chinese Love Grass) · E. urbaniana (Urban's Lovegrass) · E. variabilis (Kawelu) · E. viscosa (Sticky Love Grass) · E. von (Lovegrass)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 28, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Shou-liang Chen, De-Zhu Li, Guanghua Zhu, Zhenlan Wu, Sheng-lian Lu, Liang Liu, Zheng-ping Wang, Bi-xing Sun, Zheng-de Zhu, Nianhe Xia, Liang-zhi Jia, Zhenhua Guo, Wenli Chen, Xiang Chen, Yang Guangyao, Sylvia M. Phillips, Chris Stapleton, Robert J. Soreng, Susan G. Aiken, Nikolai N. Tzvelev, Paul M. Peterson, Stephen A. Renvoize, Marina V. Olonova & Klaus Ammann "Poaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 22. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Shou-liang Chen & Paul M. Peterson "Eragrostis". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 458, 471, 479, 480. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06