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Dracaena cinnabari

(Dragon Tree)


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Threat status

Interesting Facts

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

دم العنقاء

Common Names in Chinese:


Common Names in Dutch:


Common Names in English:

Dragon Tree, Dragon's Blood Tree, Dragons Blood Tree, Socotra Dragon Tree, Socotra Dragontree

Common Names in Esperanto:

Sokotra draceno

Common Names in French:

Dragonnier de Socotra

Common Names in Persian (Farsi):

درخت خون اژدها

Common Names in Russian:

Драцена киноварно красная


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Genus Dracaena

Plants treelike, shrubby, or subshrubby. Stems simple or branched, woody. Leaves crowded toward apex of stems or spaced along distal part of stems, sessile or petiolate ; petiole to 8 cm, base amplexicaul ; leaf blade usually sword-shaped to elliptic-lanceolate, veins truly parallel from base, lateral veins absent. Inflorescence terminal , branched, rarely simple. Flowers bisexual , clustered, sometimes solitary; pedicel articulate . Perianth cylindric , campanulate , or funnelform ; tube short; lobes 6, similar. Stamens 6, inserted in tube or throat of perianth; anthers versatile. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules 1 or 2 per locule. Style slender; stigma capitate or 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, globose , 1--3-seeded. Seeds not coated with phytomelanin .

About 50 species: mainly in tropical regions of Africa and Asia; six species in China.

Dracaena, as treated in Dracaenaceae by Bos (in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 240. 1998), includes the genus Sansevieria Thunberg from Africa to S Asia. If this arrangement is accepted, Dracaena probably comprises from 100--150 species. Dracaena in Asia has been studied very little for several decades. Consequently there are many taxononomic and nomenclatural problems and large numbers of unidentified specimens in herbaria. The present account attempts to identify some of the problems affecting the Chinese species, which can only be properly understood in the context of an in-depth study on the genus throughout tropical Asia.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: cream, inconspicuous, near white, none, tan, white


Size: 15-20' tall.


Biome: Terrestrial [2].

Ecology: Most commonly found in in evergreen and semi-deciduous woodland. [2].

List of Habitats :


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Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)


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Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 06-Jan-2005

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Dracaena

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 30 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

D. aletriformis (Large Leaved Dragon Tree) · D. arborea (Tree Dracaena) · D. aubryana (Dwarf Dracaena) · D. aurea (Golden Dracaena) · D. braunii (Dracaena Sanderiana) · D. cambodiana (Cambodia Dragon Tree) · D. cinnabari (Dragon's Blood Tree) · D. cochinchinensis (Sword-Leaved Dragontree) · D. concinna (Bois De Chandelle) · D. draco (Canary Island Dragon Tree) · D. ellenbeckiana (Kedong Dracaena) · D. fragrans (Fragrant Dracaena) · D. fragrans 'Janet Craig Compacta' (Dracaena) · D. fragrans 'Lemon Lime' (Lemon Lime Dracaena) · D. fragrans 'Lindenii' (Corn Plant) · D. fragrans 'Massangeana' (Corn Plant) · D. fragrans 'Warneckei' (Striped Dracaena) · D. hookeriana (Large-Leaved Dragon Tree) · D. indivisa 'Spikes' (Dracaena Spikes) · D. marginata (Candelabra Tree) · D. marginata 'Colorama' (Dragon Tree) · D. marginata 'Tricolor' (Dragon Tree) · D. ombet (Gabal Elba Dragon Tree) · D. reflexa (Malaisian Dracaena) · D. sanderiana (Lucky Bamboo Dracaena Sanderiana) · D. serrulata (Dracaena) · D. surculosa (Gold Dust Dracaena) · D. tamaranae (Dracaena) · D. terniflora (Dwarf Dracaena) · D. umbraculifera (Umbrella Dracena)

More Info

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Further Reading

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  1. Chen Sing-chi, Nicholas J. Turland "Dracaena". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 215. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. Miller, A. 2004. Dracaena cinnabari. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 January 2012. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-01-30