Common Names in English:
Leopards Bane, Plantain-Leaved Leopard's-Bane
The largest family of flowering plants , the Compositae (Asteraceae), comprising about 1,100 genera and more than 20,000 species and characterized by many small flowers arranged in a head looking like a single flower and subtended by an involucre of bracts. A head may consist of both ray flowers and disk flowers, as in the sunflower, of disk flowers only, as in the burdock, or of ray flowers only, as in the dandelion.
The Senecioneae are a tribe of closely related genera that can be recognized most readily by the nature of the pappus and the involucral bracts or phyllaries. The phyllaries are basically in one well developed, often partially or wholly connate series of equal length that closely envelope the head . Frequently there are a few, very much smaller and mostly randomly distributed, often necrotic-tipped bracts near the base of the main series. The pappus is of fine, soft, often pure white capillary hairs . Heads may be either discoid or radiate . -- Gerald Carr.
, 10-60(-90) [-150+] cm (rhizomes sericeous
at nodes [glabrous
]). Stems usually 1, erect
. Leaves basal and cauline; alternate; petiolate
) or sessile; blades
palmati-pinnately or pinnately nerved, elliptic
, lanceolate, ovate-orbiculate, or ovate
entire or crenate
glabrous or arachnose to pilose
, sometimes glandular-pubescent
(especially along veins). Heads radiate
, borne singly or in corymbiform
arrays (peduncles often glandular-pubescent). Calyculi 0. Involucres campanulate
or broader, 22-40 mm.
, 21-30+ in 2-3+ series, erect to spreading
or nearly so, lanceolate to lance-linear
, equal to subequal
, margins seldom scarious
). Receptacles convex
to hemispheric, smooth
or foveolate (pilose), epaleate. Ray florets [13-]21-40+ (more in horticultural doubles
; corollas yellow. Disc florets [50-]100-250+, bisexual
, fertile; corollas yellow, tubes
shorter than to equaling funnelform
5, erect or recurved, lance-deltate to lance-linear (lengths
to 5 times widths
) ; style branches: stigmatic
areas continuous, apices rounded
. Cypselae flattened, broadly obovate
, 5- or 10-ribbed, glabrous or hairy
; pappi persistent, usually of 40-60, white or stramineous
(in 1-2 series), sometimes 0 in ray florets (e.g.
, D. pardalianches). x = 30.
Species 35: introduced ; Eurasia .
Species Doronicum plantagineum
Plants 30-80 cm, Stems glabrate proximally, sparsely pubescent distally. Leaves: blades of basal leaves ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, 5-11 × 3-5(-6) cm, bases cuneate, margins weakly dentate or entire, faces (and petioles ) glandular-pubescent ; cauline leaves 5-7(-10), petiolate (proximal ) or sessile (distal), blades ovate to lanceolate, bases clasping or not. Heads borne singly, 3-5(-6) cm diam. Peduncles 6-26 cm. Phyllaries linear-lanceolate, 14-20 mm, lengths about 2 / 3 rays, apices filiform . Ray corollas 18-27 mm. 2n = 120. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: March, April, May. • Flower Color: yellow
Size: 24-36" tall.
Disturbed woods and open fields ; 0-100+ m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,162 meters (0 to 3,812 feet).
Culture: Space 18-24" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Order: Asterales () - Lindley, 1833
- Superorder: Campanulanae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Magnoliopsida () - Brongniart, 1843 - Dicotyledons
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Comment: Data Providers: African Flowering Plants Database , New Zealand Plant Name Database, Govaerts World Compositae Checklist A-G, IPNI, Tropicos, Euro+Med, LCR Editor. GCC LSID: urn :lsid:compositae.org:names:E14F6F1F-FF49-460A-9F90-C7EF25605114
Last scrutiny: 12-Aug-09
Members of the genus Doronicum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 8 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
D. austriacum (Austrian Leopards Bane) · D. caucasicum 'Finesse' (Finesse Leopard's Bane) · D. orientale (Leopards Bane) · D. orientale var. Magnificum (Leopard's Bane) · D. orientale 'Little Leo' (Little Leo Leopard's Bane) · D. orientale 'Miss Mason' (Leopards Bane) · D. pardalianches (Giant Leopards Bane) · D. plantagineum (Leopards Bane)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 23, 2007:
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain, Botánica, Universidad de León: LEB-Cormo
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Dpto de Botánica, Ecología y Fisiología Vegetal
- .Facultad de Ciencias.Universidad de Córdoba
- GBIF-Spain, Herbario Universidad de Málaga: MGC-Cormófitos
- GBIF-Spain, Institut Botanic de Barcelona, BC
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Oviedo. Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas: FCO
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2676273
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Ast-19426
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:202125-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 14553
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 565139
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: DOPL
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 34478
- Amy Trauth Nare "Doronicum". in Flora of North America Vol. 20 Page 540, 542, 611. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Doronicum plantagineum". in Flora of North America Vol. 20 Page 612. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 121.960 meters (400.131 feet), Standard Deviation = 142.180 based on 689 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]