Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Apricot Blush Foxglove, Common Foxglove, Digitalis, Foxglove, Purple Foxglove
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Korean:
Common Names in Latin:
Common Names in Russian:
Naperstjanka Krasnaja, наперстянка красная
Common Names in Spanish:
Herbs, rarely basally woody. Stems simple
or branched at base
. Leaves alternate, large, often crowded below, margin
entire or toothed
. Flowers in terminal
, often secund
. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes
imbricate. Corolla oblique
, tubular-campanulate, often constricted
beyond ovary, somewhat ventricose
; limb slightly 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed, middle
lobe longer than lateral
lobes; upper lip lobes much reduced, emarginate
. Stamens 4, didynamous
touching in pairs, locules divaricate
, apically confluent
. Style 2-lobed. Capsule ovoid
. Seeds numerous
to subovoid, small, ribbed
; seed coat
About 25 species: Asia, Europe; one species cultivated in China.
Species Digitalis purpurea
Annuals or perennials , 60-120 cm tall, gray-white pubescent and glandular hairy except for corolla and sometimes for subglabrous stems. Stems 1 or few and cespitose. Basal leaves mostly rosulate; petiole narrowly winged , to 15 cm; leaf blade ovate to oblong-elliptic, 5-15 cm, base tapering, margin crenate and rarely serrate, apex acuminate to obtuse . Stem leaves simi-lar to basal leaves, decreasing in size upward, sessile or short petiolate and forming bracts. Calyx campanulate , ca. 1 cm; segments free , oblong-ovate. Corolla purple to white, 3-4.5 cm, inside spotted, lobe apex white pubescent. Capsule ca. 1.5 cm. Seeds clavate , puberulent . Fl. May-Jun. [source]
Habit: Evergreen . • Growth Form: Single Crown • Shape and Orientation: Erect
Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May. • Flower Color: apricot, coral • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
Seeds: Seed per Pound: 4667536 • Seed Spread Rate: Moderate • Seedling Vigor: Medium • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High • Fruit/Seed Color: Black • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No • Cold Stratification Required: No
Foliage: Foliage Color: Dark Green • Foliage Porosity Summer: Porous • Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous • Foliage Texture: Fine • Fall Conspicuous: Yes • Leaf Retention: No
Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer • Growth Rate: Moderate • After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Moderate • Mature Height (feet): 5.0 • Size: 36-48" tall. • Vegetative Spread Rate: None • Lifespan: Lifespan
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,936 meters (0 to 16,194 feet).
Duration: Biennial • Coppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: No • Propagated by Container: No • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: No • Propagated by Seed: Yes • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: No • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
Culture: Space 18-24" apart.
Soil: Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: No • Anaerobic Tolerance: None • Salinity Tolerance: None • CaCO3 Tolerance: None • Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 8.5 • Fertility Requirement: Medium
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: Low • Minimum Precipitation: 40 • Maximum Precipitation: 60 • Moisture Use: Medium
Temperature: Minimum Temperature (F): -13°F. • Minimum Frost Free Days: 190 • Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lamianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Digitalis
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 56 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
D. ciliata (Foxglove Digitalis Ciliata) · D. davisiana (Foxglove) · D. dubia (Dwarf Spanish Foxglove) · D. ferruginea (Rusty Foxglove) · D. ferruginea 'Gelber Herold' (Rusty Foxglove) · D. ferruginea 'Gigantea' (Gigantea Rusty Foxglove) · D. grandiflora (Yellow Foxglove) · D. grandiflora 'Carillon' (Yellow Foxglove) · D. laevigata (Grecian Foxglove) · D. lamarckii (Foxglove) · D. lanata (Grecian Foxglove) · D. lutea (Small Yellow Foxglove) · D. lutea Brickell's form (Straw Foxglove) · D. lutea lutea (Straw Foxglove) · D. obscura (Willow Leaf Foxglove) · D. obscura obscura (Willow-Leaf Foxglove) · D. parviflora (Foxglove) · D. purpurea (Apricot Blush Foxglove) · D. purpurea f. albiflora (White Flowered Common Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea F. Albiflora) · D. purpurea heywoodii (Foxglove) · D. purpurea heywoodii 'Silver Fox' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea mariana (Foxglove) · D. purpurea var. alba (Purple Foxglove) · D. purpurea var. purpurea (Purple Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Apricot' (Apricot Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Apricot Beauty' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Apricot Faerie Queen' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Cream' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Lavender' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Mix' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Rose' (Camelot Rose Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot White' (Camelot White Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Excelsior Hybrids' (Excelsior Group Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea) · D. purpurea 'Excelsior Mix' (Excelsior Mix Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Foxy' (Foxy Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Foxy Mix' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Gelbe Lanze' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Giant Shirley' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Glittering Prizes Group' (Glittering Prizes Group Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Gloxiniflora' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Hyacinth Hybrids' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Pam's Choice' (Pam's Choice Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Pam's Split' (Foxglove 'pam's Split') · D. purpurea 'Primrose Carousel' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Snow Thimble' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Sutton's Apricot' (Sutton's Apricot Foxglove) · D. sibirica (Siberian Foxglove) · D. stewartii (Foxglove) · D. thapsi (Dwarf Spanish Foxglove) · D. trojana (Foxglove) · D. trojana 'Helen of Troy' (Foxglove) · D. viridiflora (Green Foxglove) · D. x mertonensis (Strawberry Foxglove) · D. 'Glory of Roundway' (Foxglove) · D. 'John Innes Tetra' (Digitalis) · D. 'Waldigone' (Foxglove 'waldigone')
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- Popular botany; the living plant from seed to fruit, by A.E. Knight and Edward Step. .. New York: H. Holt and company,  url p. 343, p. 343.
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- Popular garden flowers; anemones: asters: begonias: carnations: chrysanthemums: crocuses: daffodils: dahlias: geraniums: gladioli: hollyhocks: hyacinths: irises: lilies: pansies: phloxes: primulas: sweet peas: stocks: tulips by Walter P. Wright. London: G. Richards ltd.,  url .
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- Practical landscape gardening: the importance of careful planning, locating the house, arrangement of walks and drives, construction of walks and drives, lawns and terraces, how to plant a property, laying out a flower garden, arch New York, A.T. De La Mare Company, inc., 1916. url , , , , .
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- Preliminary draft list of plant species for inclusion in a 'Responsibility List' of European plants WCMC url p. 61.
- Principles of biochemistry for students of medicine, agriculture and related sciences, by T. Brailsford Robertson. .. illustrated with 49 engravings. New York, Lea & Febiger, 1920. url p. 616, p. 89.
- Proceedings and transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society. London, British Entomological and Natural History Society. url p. 124, p. 16.
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- Protected Landscapes: experience around the world. Prepared for the International Symposium on Protected Landscapes, Grange-over-Sands, England 5-10 October 1987 IUCN url p. 159.
- Recent advances in cytology, by C. D. Darlington. With a foreword by J. B. S. Haldane. With 16 plates, 160 text-figures and 81 tables. Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's son & co., inc., 1937. url p. 173, p. 187, p. 592.
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- Scientific and applied pharmacognosy, intended for the use of students in pharmacy, as a hand book for pharmacists, and as a reference book for food and drug analysts and pharmacologists. New York, Wiley, 1920. url p. 617, p. 620, p. 628.
- Scientific feeding of the domestic animals, by Martin Klimmer. Chicago, A. Eger, 1923. url p. 44.
- Seeds handbook for agriculture, horticulture and forestry, with a key for the identification of the important agricultural seeds = Handbuch der Samenkunde für Landwirtschaft, Gartenbau und Forstwirtschaft, mit einem Schlussel zur Bestimmung der wichtigsten landwirtschaftlichen Samen / Walther Brouwen and Adolf Stahlin. [S.l.: s.n.], 1980. url p. 42.
- Selected botanical papers. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall url p. 162.
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- Shade gardens / by Oliver E. Allen and the editors of Time-Life Books. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, c1979. url p. 108.
- Smithsonian year. 1975 Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1965-1976. url p. 569.
- South African journal of science. [Marshalltown, Transvaal: South African Association for the Advancement of Science, url p. 359.
- Spixiana. 11 1988 München: Zoologische Staatssammlung München, 1977- url p. 62.
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- Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. Salem, Mass., 1923. url p. 156.
- Strasburger's Text-book of botany. Rewritten by Dr. Hans Fitting. .. Dr. Ludwig Jost. .. Dr. Heinrich Schenck. .. Dr. George Karsten. London, Macmillan, 1921. url p. 702, p. 704, p. 775.
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- Successful farming a ready reference on all phases of agriculture for farmers of the United States and Canada: including soils, manures. .. / by Frank D. Gardner; with special chapters written expressly for this book by the following authorities Agee. .. [et al.]. [S.l.: s.n.; c1916]. url .
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- Taxonomic literature: a selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types (TL2) Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, 1976-1988. url p. 246, p. 403, p. 406, p. 449, p. 450, p. 482, p. 589, p. 591.
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- The British nature book; a complete handbook and guide to British nature study, embracing the mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, plants, etc., in the United Kingdom, by S.N. Sedgwick. .. Edinburgh, T.C. & E.C. Jack, Ltd., 1922. url p. 443.
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- The Great Basin naturalist. 41 1981 Provo, Utah: M.L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, 1939-1999. url p. 26.
- The International Phytogeographical Excursion in the British Isles (1911): a record and some notes by various phytogeographers who took part in the excursion. Cambridge: New phytologist, 1913. url p. 84.
- The Journal of heredity. Washington, etc., American Genetic Association url p. 200.
- The Scottish naturalist. Arbroath [etc.]T. Buncle & Co. [etc.] url p. 17.
- The Victoria history of the county of Warwick. London: Published for the University of London Institute of Historical Research by Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1965- url p. 47.
- The anthocyanin pigments of plants. By Muriel Wheldale. Cambridge, University Press, 1916. url p. 155, p. 156, p. 165, p. 180, p. 181, p. 188, p. 22, p. 283, p. 294, p. 296, p. 298, p. 309, p. 84.
- The biology of flowering plants, by Macgregor Skene. .. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1924. url p. 490.
- The book of hardy flowers; a simple and complete descriptive guide to the cultivation in gardens of the trees and shrubs, perennial and annual flowers, that are hardy, or are suitable for planting out-of-doors in summer in temp Ed. by H. H. Thomas. .. Beautifully illustrated with thirty-two direct color photographs by H. Essenhigh Corke and sixty-four half-tone plates. 1915 New York, Funk & Wagnalls company; [etc., etc.] url p. 155.
- The book of nature study, ed. by J. Bretland Farmer. .. assisted by a staff of specialists. Fully illustrated. London, Caxton publishing company[1908?]-1909. url , , p. 10.
- The book of vegetables and garden herbs; a practical handbook and planting table for the vegetable gardener, by Allen French. London: The Macmillan company, 1907. url p. 128, p. 307.
- The book of water gardening; New York, A. T. De La Mare printing and publishing co., ltd., 1907. url p. 149, p. 150, p. 6.
- The book of water gardening; giving in full detail all the practical information necessary to the selection, grouping and successful cultivation of aquatic and other plants required in the making of a water garden and its surroun by Peter Bisset. New York: A. T. De La Mare printing and Pub. Co., ltd., 1907. url , p. 149, p. 150.
- The chemistry of plant life, by Roscoe W. Thatcher. New York [etc.]McGraw-Hill book company, inc., 1921. url p. 89.
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- The complete garden, by Albert D. Taylor, assisted by Gordon D. Cooper. Illustrated with fifty full page cuts, four line charts, and nine coloured plates. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page, 1921. url p. 227, p. 227, p. 233, p. 233.
- The complete grazier and farmers' and cattlebreeders' assistant. .. originally written by William Youatt. .. considerably enlarged and mainly rewritten in 1893 and 1900 by William Fream. .. London, C. Lockwood and son, 1908. url p. 860.
- The complete illustrated book of garden magic. Chicago, J.G. Ferguson Pub. Co. url p. 146, p. 148, p. 260.
- The drug plants of Illinois / Leo R. Tehon; drawings by Kay H. Wadsworth. Urbana, Ill.: Natural History Survey Division, 1951. url p. 12, p. 48.
- The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. LondonJ. Murray1916 url , p. 240, p. 299, p. 363, p. 373, p. 439, p. 443, p. 452, p. 475, p. 477, p. 479, p. 482, p. 483, p. 63, p. 81, p. 84.
- The effects of inbreeding and crossbreeding upon development / New Haven: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 1918. url p. 17, p. 70.
- The encyclopedia of gardening. A dictionary of cultivated plants, etc., giving in alphabetical sequence the culture and propagation of hardy and half-hardy plants, trees and shrubs, orchids, ferns, fruit, vegetables, hothouse and g London, W. H. & L. Collingridge url , , .
- The entomologist's log-book and dictionary of the life histories and food plants of the British Macro-Lepidoptera, giving many thousands of facts and data connected with the appearance of the ova, larvæ, pupæ, and imagines: methods of capture: habitats: food plants: authorities: synonyms: etc., in Latin and Englis by Alfred George Scorer. London, G. Routledge & sons, limited, 1913. url .
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- The flora of the Nilgiri and Pulney Hill-tops / by P.F. Fyson; with 580 full page illustrations and 4 maps by Lady Bourne, Mrs. Fyson and others. Madras: Printed by the Supt., Govt. Press, 1915-1920. url p. 301.
- The flower and the bee; plant life and pollination, LondonConstable1919 url p. 68.
- The flowering process. New York, Macmillan, 1963. url p. 211, p. 67.
- The garden bluebook; a manual of the perennial garden, by Leicester Bodine Holland. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday,  url p. 100, p. 228, p. 229, p. 231, p. 233, p. 234, p. 98, p. 99.
- The garden month by month; describing the appearance, color, dates of bloom, height and cultivation of all desirable hardy herbaceous perennials for the formal or wild garden, with additional lists of aquatics, vi Garden City, N.Y., Garden City publishing company, inc.[c1907]. url .
- The landscape gardening book, wherein are set down the simple laws of beauty and utility which should guide the development of all grounds, by Grace Tabor. New York, R. M. McBride, 1916. url p. 27.
- The microanalysis of powdered vegetable drugs, by Albert Schneider. .. with 237 illustrations Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's son & co.[c1921] url p. 326.
- The moths of the British Isles, by Richard South. London, F. Warne & Co., 1907-09. url p. 223.
- The mutation theory; experiments and observations on the origin of species in the vegetable kingdom, by Hugo de Vries. .. tr. by Prof. J. B. Farmer and A. D. Darbishire. .. Chicago, Open Court Publishing Company; [etc., etc.]1909-10. url p. 212, p. 214, p. 321, p. 323.
- The native flora of the vicinity of Cold Spring Harbor, L.I., New York. n.p., 1925 url p. 202.
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- The naturalist in Nicaragua, by Thomas Belt. London, E.P. Dutton & Co. url p. 102, p. 301.
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 11, 2007:
- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plants, Field notes, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
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- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- University of Alaska Museum of the North, University of Alaska Museum of the North Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655933
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-33585
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2494459
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:802077-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 13986
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 33585
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDSCR0M040
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: DIPU
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 32145
- "Digitalis". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 53. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 247.010 meters (810.400 feet), Standard Deviation = 361.770 based on 4,928 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]