Common Names in English:
Herbs, rarely basally woody. Stems simple
or branched at base
. Leaves alternate, large, often crowded below, margin
entire or toothed
. Flowers in terminal
, often secund
. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes
imbricate. Corolla oblique
, tubular-campanulate, often constricted
beyond ovary, somewhat ventricose
; limb slightly 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed, middle
lobe longer than lateral
lobes; upper lip lobes much reduced, emarginate
. Stamens 4, didynamous
touching in pairs, locules divaricate
, apically confluent
. Style 2-lobed. Capsule ovoid
. Seeds numerous
to subovoid, small, ribbed
; seed coat
About 25 species: Asia, Europe; one species cultivated in China.
Habit: Evergreen .
Flowers: Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: bronze, brown, yellow
Size: 36-48" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,099 meters (0 to 3,606 feet).
Culture: Space 15-18" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 8.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lamianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Digitalis
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 56 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
D. ciliata (Foxglove Digitalis Ciliata) · D. davisiana (Foxglove) · D. dubia (Dwarf Spanish Foxglove) · D. ferruginea (Rusty Foxglove) · D. ferruginea 'Gelber Herold' (Rusty Foxglove) · D. ferruginea 'Gigantea' (Gigantea Rusty Foxglove) · D. grandiflora (Yellow Foxglove) · D. grandiflora 'Carillon' (Yellow Foxglove) · D. laevigata (Grecian Foxglove) · D. lamarckii (Foxglove) · D. lanata (Grecian Foxglove) · D. lutea (Small Yellow Foxglove) · D. lutea Brickell's form (Straw Foxglove) · D. lutea lutea (Straw Foxglove) · D. obscura (Willow Leaf Foxglove) · D. obscura obscura (Willow-Leaf Foxglove) · D. parviflora (Foxglove) · D. purpurea (Apricot Blush Foxglove) · D. purpurea f. albiflora (White Flowered Common Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea F. Albiflora) · D. purpurea heywoodii (Foxglove) · D. purpurea heywoodii 'Silver Fox' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea mariana (Foxglove) · D. purpurea var. alba (Purple Foxglove) · D. purpurea var. purpurea (Purple Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Apricot' (Apricot Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Apricot Beauty' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Apricot Faerie Queen' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Cream' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Lavender' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Mix' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot Rose' (Camelot Rose Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Camelot White' (Camelot White Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Excelsior Hybrids' (Excelsior Group Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea) · D. purpurea 'Excelsior Mix' (Excelsior Mix Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Foxy' (Foxy Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Foxy Mix' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Gelbe Lanze' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Giant Shirley' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Glittering Prizes Group' (Glittering Prizes Group Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Gloxiniflora' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Hyacinth Hybrids' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Pam's Choice' (Pam's Choice Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Pam's Split' (Foxglove 'pam's Split') · D. purpurea 'Primrose Carousel' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Snow Thimble' (Foxglove) · D. purpurea 'Sutton's Apricot' (Sutton's Apricot Foxglove) · D. sibirica (Siberian Foxglove) · D. stewartii (Foxglove) · D. thapsi (Dwarf Spanish Foxglove) · D. trojana (Foxglove) · D. trojana 'Helen of Troy' (Foxglove) · D. viridiflora (Green Foxglove) · D. x mertonensis (Strawberry Foxglove) · D. 'Glory of Roundway' (Foxglove) · D. 'John Innes Tetra' (Digitalis) · D. 'Waldigone' (Foxglove 'waldigone')
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- A catalogue of plants cultivated in the garden of John Gerard, in the years 1596-1599 /edited with notes, references to Gerard's Herball, the addition of modern names, and a life of the author, by Benjamin Daydon Jackson. 1876 London: Privately printed, 1876 url p. 59.
- A garden of pleasure, by E.V.B. London, E. Stock, 1895. url p. 106.
- A general system of gardening and botany. Founded upon Miller's Gardener's dictionary, and arranged according to the natural system. By George Don. London, Printed for C. J. G. and F. Rivington, 1831-38. url p. 505.
- A natural arrangement of British plants: according to their relations to each other as pointed out by Jussieu, De Candolle, Brown, &c.. .. / with an introduction to botany. .. By Samuel Frederick Gray. .. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1821. url p. 147, p. 76.
- American flower garden directory: containing practical directions for the culture of plants in the flower garden, hot-house, green-house, rooms, or parlour windows, for every month in the year. With a description of the plants most de Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1845. url p. 40.
- American medicinal plants; an illustrated and descriptive guide to the American plants used as homopathic remedies: their history, preparation, chemistry and physiological effects. By Charles F. Millspaugh. 1887 New York, Boericke & Tafel, c1887. url page 110- 2.
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden record. 29 1940 [Brooklyn]: Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1912-44. url p. 7.
- Bulletin of miscellaneous information /Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1907 London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1900-1941. url p. 7.
- Class-book of botany: being outlines of the structure, physiology and classification of plants: with a flora of the United States and Canada / by Alphonso Wood. New York: A.S. Barnes & Burr, 1861, c1860. url p. 526.
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- Horticultural register, and gardener's magazine. Boston, G. D. Barrett [etc.] url p. 143.
- International catalogue of scientific literature. London: Published for the International Council by the Royal Society of London, 1902-1919. url p. 127, p. 385, p. 483, p. 499.
- Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1923. url , , , , p. 104, p. 110, p. 143, p. 81, p. 93.
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- The Gardener's magazine and register of rural & domestic improvement. London: Longman, Rees, Orome, Brown and Green, 1826-1844. url p. 623.
- The Gardeners' chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London: [Gardeners Chronicle], 1874-1955. url , p. 177, p. 203, p. 3, p. 309, p. 393, p. 510, p. 693, p. 9.
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- The Phytologist: a popular botanical miscellany. London, John van Voorst, 1844-56. url p. 41.
- The flower garden; or, Breck's book of flowers; in which are described all the various hardy herbaceous perennials, annuals, shrubby plants, and evergreen trees, desirable for ornamental purposes, with directions for t by Joseph Breck. New York: A. O. Moore, 1859. url p. 116.
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- The natural history and antiquities of Selborne, in the county of Southampton / by the Rev. Gilbert White London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1888 url .
- The principles of plant-teratology. London, The Ray Society, 1915-1916. url .
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- Transactions of the Botanical Society. Edinburgh: Botanical Society of Edinburgh, 1841-1891. url p. 122, p. 331.
- Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd series: Botany 5 1901 London. url p. 472.
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- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed March 27, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 23, 2007:
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2670074
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-506042
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13763771
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:802005-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 13974
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 506042
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: DIFE3
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 32142
- "Digitalis". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 53. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 524.170 meters (1,719.718 feet), Standard Deviation = 409.360 based on 30 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]