Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Ou Ya Rui Xiang
Common Names in English:
February Daphne, Dwarf Laurel, Flax Olive, Garland Flower, Mezereon, Paradise Plant, Paradise-Plant, Spurge Daphne, Spurge Laurel, Spurge Olive, Tintorell
Common Names in Estonian:
Common Names in French:
Bois Gentil, Bois Joli, Daphné Bois-Gentil, Daphné Joli-Bois, Daphné Mézéréon, Faux Garou, Lauréole Femelle, Lauréole Jolie
Common Names in German:
Echter Seidelbast, Kellerbalz, Seidelbast
Common Names in Italian:
Erba Cativa, Laureola Femmina, Laureola Gentile, Legno Gentile, Mezereon
Common Names in Spanish:
Hoja De San Pedro, Lauréola Hembra, Leño Gentil, Matacabras, Matapollo, Mecéreo, Mecerón, Mecereo, Mezereón, Mezereo, Olivareta, Torvisco
Common Names in Swedish:
Common Names in Turkish:
Ghulupa, Mazaryon Agh
or small trees
, rarely herbs, evergreen
or deciduous. Bark
tough and fibrous
. Leaves opposite or alternate, rarely some ternate
, estipulate; blade
, entire, pinnately veined, articulate
, sometimes dioecious. Inflorescences terminal
, less often axillary
, sometimes on brachyblasts
, sessile or pedunculate
, basically racemose, sometimes capitate, spicate
, umbelliform, or fascicled. Flowers usually actinomorphic
, bisexual or unisexual
(plants then mostly dioecious), bracteate
(sometimes bracts forming an involucre) or ebracteate
, sessile or pedicellate
. Calyx tubular
, or infundibuliform
, usually corollalike, 4- or 5(or 6) -merous, mostly caducous
, sometimes circumscissile, or persistent
imbricate. Petals absent or represented by 4-12 scales
at or near throat
of calyx tube (Aquilaria) . Stamens 2 to many, usually as many as calyx lobes and opposite them or twice as many. Hypognous disk usually present at base of ovary, scalelike, annular
or cup-shaped, sometimes absent. Ovary superior, 1- or 2-loculed, sessile or shortly stipitate
; ovules solitary in each locule, pendulous, anatropous
; style filiform
, caducous, sometimes very short or obscure
, terminal or eccentric
; stigma capitate, globose
, subglobose, subclavate, or pyramidal
, sometimes papilose. Fruit mostly indehiscent, dry or fleshy
, sometimes a loculicidal capsule (Aquilaria) . Seeds with or without endosperm, embryo straight.
About 48 genera and ca. 650 species: widely distributed in both hemispheres; nine genera and 115 species (89 endemic) in China.
The phloem contains very strong fibers, which make the bark of many species very suitable for the manufacture of high-quality paper such as that used for bank notes . The stems are extremely supple and difficult to break and are used as a substitute for string. Most species are poisonous and some are important medicinally.
or deciduous. Branches glabrous
. Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes opposite; petiole
short. Inflorescence usually terminal
, sometimes axillary
, capitate or shortly racemose, sometimes paniculate
, racemose, or spicate
, with or without involucre; peduncle short or absent. Flowers bisexual
sometimes dioecious), 4- or 5-merous. Calyx tube
white, pink, or yellow, rarely mauve
, or slightly funnel-shaped, exterior
glabrous or pubescent; lobes
4 or 5, erect
, alternately longer
and shorter. Petaloid
absent. Stamens twice as many as calyx lobes, in two series; filaments
short or absent; anthers
indistinct. Disk absent or annular
, cup-shaped, sometimes elongated on one side. Ovary usually sessile or slightly stipitate
, 1-loculed; style terminal, short; stigma capitate. Fruit a succulent berry or dry and leathery, sometimes enclosed by persistent
calyx, sometimes naked, usually red or yellow. Seed testa crustaceous
, endosperm scanty or absent; cotyledons fleshy
About 95 species: Asia, Europe; 52 species (41 endemic) in China.
Species of Daphne have long been valued by gardeners for their extremely fragrant flowers.
Habit: Subshrub , Shrub
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, March, December. • Flower Color: pink
Size: 36-48" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,500 meters (0 to 8,202 feet).
Culture: Space 18-24" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Euphorbianae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Magnoliopsida () - Brongniart, 1843 - Dicotyledons
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Publishing author : L. Publication : Sp. Pl. 1: 356 1753 [1 May 1753]
Members of the genus Daphne
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 60 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
D. alpina (Alpine Daphne) · D. arbuscula (Daphne) · D. bholua (Lokta) · D. bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Lokta) · D. blagayana (Blagays Daphne) · D. caucasica (Caucasian Daphne) · D. championii (Champion´s Daphne) · D. cneorum (Garland Flower) · D. cneorum 'Album' (Garland Flower) · D. cneorum 'Lela Haines' (Garland Flower) · D. cneorum 'Ruby Glow' (Garland Flower) · D. collina (Daphne) · D. genkwa (Daphne) · D. giraldii (Giraldi Daphne) · D. gnidium (Spurge Flax) · D. jasminea (Daphne) · D. jezoensis (Daphne) · D. juliae (Daphne) · D. laureola (Spurge Laurel) · D. laureola var. cantabrica (Spurge Laurel) · D. mantensiana 'Manten' (Daphne) · D. mezereum (February Daphne) · D. mezereum var. rubra (Paradise Plant) · D. mezereum 'Bowles White' (February Daphne) · D. mezereum 'Rubra' (Fragrant Daphne) · D. odora (Fragrant Daphne) · D. odora 'Alba' (Fragrant Daphne) · D. odora 'Aureo-Marginata' (Fragrant Daphne) · D. odora 'Aureomarginata' (Winter Daphne) · D. odora 'Mae-Jima' (Winter Daphne) · D. oleoides (Spurge Olive) · D. papyracea (Nepali Paper Plant) · D. petraea (Daphne) · D. pontica (Twin-Flowered Daphne) · D. retusa (Daphne) · D. rosmarinifolia (Rosemary-Leaved Daphne) · D. striata (Fairy Garland Flower) · D. tangutica (Daphne) · D. × burkwoodii (Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'Albert Burkwood' (Burkwood Daphne) · D. × burkwoodii 'Briggs Moonlight' (Briggs Moonlight Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie' (Carol Mackie Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'G. K. Argles' (Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'Lavenerii' (Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'Silveredge' (Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'Somerset' (Burkwood Daphne) · D. x burkwoodii 'Variegata' (Burkwood Daphne) · D. x eschmannii (Daphne) · D. x hendersonii (Daphne) · D. x hendersonii 'Ernst Hauser' (Daphne) · D. x houtteana (Daphne) · D. x napolitana (Daphne) · D. x thauma (Daphne) · D. x transatlantica 'Beulah Cross' (Daphne) · D. x transatlantica 'Jim's Pride' (Jim's Pride Daphne) · D. x transatlantica 'Summer Ice' (Daphne) · D. x whiteorum 'Kilmeston' (Daphne) · D. 'Lawrence Crocker' (Daphne) · D. 'Rossetii' (Daphne) · D. 'Wilhelm Schacht' (Evergreen Rock Daphne)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 22, 2007:
- Institute of Dendrology PAS, Institute of Dendrology PAS, Flora of Sudety Mountains
- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Botany registration database by Danish botanists
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Botany
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- University of Alaska Museum of the North, University of Alaska Museum of the North Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2651104
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-27126
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:831294-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 13273
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 27126
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 831294-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDTHY01020
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: DAME3
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 34560
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- Mean = 380.670 meters (1,248.917 feet), Standard Deviation = 349.760 based on 6,132 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]