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Common Names in Afrikaans:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Amber Elf Dwarf Broom, Broom, Broomtops, Common Broom, English Broom, Escoba Negra, European Broom, Giesta, Irish Broom, Retama De Escobas, Scotch Broom, Scotch Broom Cytisus Scoparius, Scotchbroom, Scots Broom, Scottish Broom, Yellow Broom
Common Names in French:
Gen, Genêt à Balais, Genêt à Balais
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Russian:
ID Features: Year-round green stem color. Angled stems. Trifoliate leaves. Yellow pea-like flowers.
Habit: Deciduous. • Climbing: Not Climbing
Flowers: Blooms in May and into early June. Pea-like flowers are dark red. Blooming is profuse and very showy. • Bloom Period: April, May. • Flower Color: dark red, red-orange, scarlet
Seeds: Fruit: 1.5" to 2" pea-like pods. Not ornamentally significant.
Foliage: Summer foliage: Deciduous. Leaf arrangement alternate. Small trifoliate leaves. Upper leaves often with only 1 leaflet . Color is medium to bright green. Stems are green and more conspicuous than the foliage . Stems are angled and flexible . • Fall foliage: Fall color not ornamentally important.
Size: 4-6' tall.
Landscape Uses: As an accent for stunning bloom . For borders . Specimen. Along highways. • Liabilities: Tends to be somewhat short-lived. Twig kill in severe winters. Tends to self-sow. • Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring . For a formal appearance , shear annually after flowering.
Hardy to zone 5, performs better from zone 6.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,212 meters (0 to 13,819 feet).
Culture: Space 4-6' apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 6.0
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Moisture: Water Requirements: Once established needs only occasional water.
Sarothamnus bourgaei Boiss. • Sarothamnus oxyphyllus Boiss. • Sarothamnus scoparius (L.)w. D. J. Koch • Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm. • Spartium scoparium L.
Members of the genus Cytisus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 35 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. dallimorei (Dallimore's Spanishbroom) · C. decumbens (Prostrate Broom) · C. fontanesii (Bolina) · C. hirsutus (Broom) · C. monspessulana (French Broom Cytisus Monspessulana) · C. multiflorus (Escoba Blanca) · C. nigricans (Black Broom) · C. praecox (Warminster Broom) · C. praecox 'Hollandia' (Common Broom) · C. proliferus (Escabon) · C. purgans 'Spanish Gold' (Broom) · C. purpureus 'Atropurpureus' (Purple Broom) · C. scoparius (Amber Elf Dwarf Broom) · C. scoparius f. andreanus (Broom) · C. scoparius scoparius (European Broom) · C. scoparius scoparius var. scoparius (English Broom) · C. scoparius var. andreanus (English Broom) · C. scoparius 'Burkwoodii' (Burkwood Broom) · C. scoparius 'Firefly' (Scotch Broom) · C. scoparius 'Madame Butterfly' (Scotch Broom) · C. scoparius 'Moonlight' (Moonlight Scotch Broom) · C. striatus (Hairy-Fruited Broom) · C. villosus (Hairybroom) · C. x beanii (Dwarf Broom) · C. x dallimorei (Scotch Broom) · C. x kewensis (Kew Broom) · C. x praecox (Warminster Broom) · C. x praecox 'Allgold' (Allgold Broom) · C. × spachianus (Sweet Broom) · C. x 'Lena' (Lena Scotch Broom) · C. x 'Lilac Time' (Lilac Time Scotch Broom) · C. x 'Minstead' (Minstead Scotch Broom) · C. 'Andreanus' (English Broom) · C. 'La Coquette' (Broom) · C. 'Lena' (Scotch Broom)
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- Vegetation of the Peak District / C. E. Moss. Cambridge: University Press, 1913. url p. 118, p. 14, p. 51, p. 56, p. 75.
- Vegetation of the Peak District. Cambridge, University Press, 1913. url p. 111, p. 118, p. 139, p. 14, p. 14, p. 146, p. 56, p. 57, p. 64, p. 75, p. 93.
- Vernacular list of trees, shrubs, and woody climbers in the Madras Presidency. Madras, Printed by the Superintendant, Government Press, 1915. url p. 383, p. 426, p. 819.
- Veterinary medicines 1911 url p. 544.
- Veterinary medicines: their actions and uses / by Finlay Dun. .. ed. by James MacQueen. New York: W.R. Jenkins, 1906. url p. 534.
- Wayside and woodland blossoms: a pocket guide to British wild-flowers for the country rambler / by Edward Step. London; F. Warne, 1895. url p. 7.
- Wayside and woodland blossoms; a pocket guide to British wild flowers for the country rambler. London, Warne, 1895. url p. 7.
- Webster's practical forestry: a popular handbook on the rearing and growth of trees for profit or ornament. By A.D. Webster. .. London, W. Rider & Son, Limited[pref. 1905] url p. 78.
- Winter botany, a companion volume to the author's Plant materials of decorative gardening, by William Trelease. .. Urbana, The author, 1918. url p. 146, p. 148.
- Winter botany, by William Trelease. .. Urbana, The author, 1918. url p. 146, p. 148.
- Woody plants in winter; a manual of common trees and shrubs in winter in the Northeastern United States and southeastern Canada, by Earl L. Core and Nelle P. Ammons. Pittsburgh, Boxwood Press url p. 128.
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- Year book - Carnegie Institution of Washington. Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington url p. 51.
- Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, M.A. Ruggiero, T.M. Orrell, L.E. Paglinawan, P.W. Brewer, N. Bailly, J. van Hertum, eds (2007). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual Checklist. Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed January 24, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from provider.
- ILDIS World Database of Legumes. Release date: May 1, 2007
- National Invasive Species Information Center, National Agricultural Library, United States Department of Agriculture. Web Site. Accessed May 3, 2008.
- Ruggiero M., Gordon D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Nicolson D. (2011). The Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification, Edition 2, Part A. In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 27, 2008:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Berkeley Natural History Museums, University and Jepson Herbaria DiGIR provider
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Bioversity International, EURISCO, The European Genetic Resources Search Catalogue
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Observations du Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien.
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain, Aranzadi Zientzi Elkartea
- GBIF-Spain, Botánica, Universidad de León: LEB-Cormo
- GBIF-Spain, CIBIO, Alicante:ABH-GBIF
- GBIF-Spain, Departamento de Biolog. Veg. II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid: MAF
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Herbario Universidad de Málaga: MGC-Cormófitos
- GBIF-Spain, Institut Botanic de Barcelona, BC
- GBIF-Spain, Jardi Botanic de Valencia: VAL
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Univ. Herbarium SALAMANCA: SALA
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Almería, HUAL
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Oviedo. Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas: FCO
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad del País Vasco/EHU, Bilbao: Herbario BIO
- GBIF-Spain, Universitat de Girona: HGI-Cormophyta
- Herbario SANT, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, SANT herbarium vascular plant collection
- International Plant Genetic Resources Institute(IPGRI), EURISCO
- Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research
- , IPK Genebank
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, NSW herbarium collection
- National Institute of Genetics, ROIS, Herbarium Specimens of Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Pref., Japan
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Washington Burke Museum, Vascular Plant Collection - University of Washington Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2666591
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ILD-6046
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2494459
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:137968-3
- GRIN Nomen Number: 13019
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 501966
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDFAB18060
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: SASC6
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 11823