, usually large, often deciduous; trunks
, often buttressed
, with mucilaginous
; indumentum usually stellate
. Leaves alternate, spiral
; stipules inconspicuous, caducous
; leaf blade
often palmately compound
in Ochroma), margin
often entire. Inflorescences axillary
, 1(or 2) -flowered, rarely many-flowered. Flowers bisexual
, large and showy. Epicalyx
of 3 bracts, inconspicuous and caducous. Calyx shortly cylindrical, truncate
, or irregularly 3-5-lobed, sometimes splitting
. Petals 5, joined at base
with androecium and falling as one unit
, imbricate. Stamens usually very many (3-15 in Ceiba) ; filaments
in lower half into a filament tube around style, tube
sometimes lobed, with stamens in 5 groups with completely united filaments and sessile anthers
; anthers usually 1-celled, apparently 2-celled and non-septate in Ceiba, sometimes many anthers united into an apparent many-celled "super-anther"; pollen usually spheroidal
, ± smooth
; staminodes absent. Ovary superior, syncarpous
, carpels usually 5; ovules 2 to many per locule, axile
; style 5-lobed. Fruit a 5-valved capsule, or hard and indehiscent (e.g.
, Adansonia), many-seeded with seeds often embedded
in endocarp hairs
(kapok), less often fruit winged or juicy and few-seeded. Seeds sometimes winged
About 30 genera and ca. 250 species: found widely in tropics, especially tropical America; three genera (two introduced ) and five species (two introduced) in China.
See the comments under the Malvaceae (p. 264) for the relationships of the Bombacaceae.
Durio Adanson was at one time associated with this family but has always been regarded as anomalous and molecular data show it to be most closely related to the Helicteroideae (Sterculiaceae) but so distinct morphologically that it might better be placed in its own family or subfamily .
Biome: Terrestrial .
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 Ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Subclass: Dilleniidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Magnoliopsida () - Brongniart, 1843 - Dicotyledons
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 Ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Members of the genus Cullenia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 0 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
- Search for Pictures: images.google.com
- Search for Scholarly Articles: Google Scholar
- Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names: All the Web | AltaVista Canada | AltaVista | Excite | Google | HotBot | Lycos
- Search using Specialized Databases: GenBank | Medline | Scirus | CISTI/CAL | Agricola Periodicals | Agricola Books
- Dassanayake, M.D. and Fosberg, F.R. (eds) 1980. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Amerind Publishing Company, New Delhi.
- Gunatilleke, I.A.U.N. and Gunatilleke, C.V.S. 1991. Threatened woody endemics of the wet lowlands of Sri Lanka and their conservation. Biological Conservation 55(1): 17-36.
- Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.
- Li Hen. 1984. Bombacaceae. In: Feng Kuo-mei, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 49(2): 102-112.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 17, 2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Cullenia ceylanica. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 31January2012.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 5960915
- IUCN ID: 203454
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 1020872
- Qiner Yang & Michael G. Gilbert "Bombacaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 12 Page 264, 299. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Cullenia ceylanica. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 January 2012. [back]