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Cucurbita foetidissima

(Buffalo Gourd)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

Buffalo Gourd, Buffalogourd Pumpkin, Calabazilla, Chilicote, Missouri Gourd, Mock-Orange, Prairie Gourd, Wild Gourd, Wild Pumkin

Common Names in Japanese:

Kukurubita Foetisishima

Common Names in Navajo, Navaho:

Ndilkal (chʼil)

Common Names in Russian:

Тыква вонючая

Common Names in Spanish:

Calabacilla Amarga, Calabazilla, Chilicote


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Family Cucurbitaceae

The Cucurbitaceae are mostly prostrate or climbing herbaceous annuals comprising about 90 genera and 700 species that are further characterized by commonly having 5-angled stems and coiled tendrils . The leaves are alternate and usually palmately 5-lobed or divided ; stipules are absent. The flowers are actinomorphic and nearly always unisexual . The perianth has a short to prolonged epigynous zone that bears a calyx of 3-6 segments or lobes and 3-6 petals or more frequently a 3-6-lobed sympetalous corolla. The androecium is highly variable, consisting of basically 5 distinct to completely connate stamens that frequently are twisted, folded or reduced in number. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of 2-5 carpels, generally with one style and as many style branches or major stigma lobes as carpels, and an inferior ovary with one locule and usually numerous ovules on 2-5 parietal placentae or 3 locules with numerous ovules on axile placentae. The fruit is a type of berry called a pepo . -- Gerald Carr.

Genus Cucurbita

Annual or perennial herbs. Stem angular, hispid or hairy . Tendrils branched, mostly 2-4-fid. Leaves petiolate , ovate , generally 5-lobed, base cordate, hirsute or scabrescent. Flowers large, yellow, solitary; monoecious. Male flowers rarely fascicled. Calyx campanulate , lobes 5, subulate , spathulate or leafy. Corolla campanulate, shallowly 5-lobed, lobes usually recurved. Stamens 3, inserted low on the calyx tube. Filaments free , anthers linear and connate , one monothecous and two dithecous; connectives not produced . Pistillode absent. Female flowers shortly pedunculate . Ovary oblong , style simple , short, stigmas 3(5), papillose , ovules many, horizontal. Fruit fleshy , indehiscent, many-seeded. Seeds ovate or oblong, smooth , marginate or emarginate .

A genus of about 20 species, 15 are American, while 5 species are cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Represented in Pakistan by 2 cultivated species.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Vine , Forb/herb

Flowers: Bloom Period: June, July, August. • Flower Color: gold, yellow-orange


Size: 24-36" tall.


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Duration: Perennial


Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 8.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Partial to Full Shade.

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)


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Pepo foetidissima (Kunth) Britt.


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Cucurbita

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 968 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

C. acutangula (Singkwa Towel Gourd) · C. argyrosperma (Cushaw) · C. argyrosperma argyrosperma (Cultivated Cushaw) · C. argyrosperma sororia (Wild Cushaw) · C. argyrosperma var. callicarpa (Japanese Pie Pumpkin) · C. argyrosperma var. palmeri (Wild Mexican Cushaw) · C. argyrosperma var. stenosperma (Cultivated Cushaw) · C. argyrosperma 'Veracruz Pepita' (Winter Squash) · C. digitata (Finger Leaf Gourd) · C. ficifolia (Figleaf Gourd) · C. ficifolia 'Chilacayote White' (Winter Squash) · C. foetidissima (Buffalo Gourd) · C. hispida (Winter Melon) · C. maxima (Winter Squash) · C. maxima var. maxima (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Akehime' (Winter Squash - Kabocha) · C. maxima 'Aladdin's Red Turban' (Gourd) · C. maxima 'All Season' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Ambercup' (Kabocha) · C. maxima 'Amber Star' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Anna Swartz Hubbard' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Arikara' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Australian Butter' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Autumn Gold' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Autumn King' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Autumn Pride' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Baby Blue' (Hubbard Squash) · C. maxima 'Baby Delica' (Japanese) · C. maxima 'Banana' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Big Autumn' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Big Max' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Big Moon' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Bitterroot Buttercup' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Black Angel' (Oriental) · C. maxima 'Black Night' (Oriental) · C. maxima 'Black Ninja' (Oriental) · C. maxima 'Black Prince' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Blue Ballet' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Blue Banana' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Blue Buttercup' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Blue Hubbard' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Blue Kuri' (Japanese) · C. maxima 'Blue Magic' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Bonbon' (Hybrid Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Boston Marrow' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Bungkan' (Oriental) · C. maxima 'Burgess Buttercup' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Bushkin' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Bush Buttercup' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Buttercup' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Butter Belle' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Casper' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Cha-Cha' (Kabocha) · C. maxima 'Charisma' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Chestnut' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Chicago Warted' (Hubbard Squash) · C. maxima 'Chicago Warted Hubbard' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Chirimen' (Winter Squash - Kubocha) · C. maxima 'Connecticut Field' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Cotton Candy' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Crown' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Crown Prince' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Delica' (Japanese) · C. maxima 'Delicious' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Dependable' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Devil Night' (Oriental) · C. maxima 'Dill's Atlantic Giant' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Dream' (Oriental) · C. maxima 'Early Autumn' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Eastern Rise' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Emerald Bush Buttercup' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Essex Turban' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Fairy' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Fat Albert' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'First Prize' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'First Taste' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Flat White Boer' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Frosty' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Full Moon' (Pumpkin/winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Furor' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Galeux D'eysines' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gele Reuzen' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Georgia Candy Roaster' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'German' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Ghost Rider' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Giant Show King Squash' (Summer Squash) · C. maxima 'Golden Delicious' (Hubbard Squash) · C. maxima 'Golden Hubbard' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Golden Ma Ma 064' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Golden Osprey' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Bullion' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Dust' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Fever' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Gem' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Medallion' (Pumpkin/winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Gold Medal' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Nuggett' (Winter Squash) · C. maxima 'Gold Rush' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Standard' (Pumpkin) · C. maxima 'Gold Strike' (Pumpkin)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 22, 2007:



  1. S. Nazimuddin and S. Shaharyar H. Haqvi "Cucurbita". in Flora of Pakistan Page 48. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-21