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Crocus haussknechtii

Description

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Family Iridaceae

Herbs perennial (or shrubs or annuals ), with rhizomes, bulbs, or corms. Leaves alternate, often 2-ranked, often oriented edgewise to aerial stem, usually sword-shaped to linear , parallel veined, base sheathing . Inflorescence sometimes a spike or reduced to a solitary flower, more often of monochasial , umbellate cymes, each enclosed in 2 opposed bracts (spathes ) and termed a rhipidium, which may be solitary and terminal or numerous and variously arranged in racemes or panicles; bracts 1 to several. Flowers bisexual , showy, usually actinomorphic (often zygomorphic elsewhere) . Perianth segments 6, in 2 whorls, inner and outer ones equal or differing in size and/or color; tube filiform or trumpet-shaped. Stamens (2 or) 3; anthers extrorse . Ovary inferior (or superior), 3-loculed; ovules few to many; placentation axile . Style with filiform, slender, or petaloid branches. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds with or without aril and wings .

Between 70 and 80 genera and ca. 1800 species: nearly worldwide, especially S Africa, Asia, and Europe; three genera and 61 species (21 endemic, one introduced ) in China.[1]

Genus Crocus

Herbs small, perennial , cormous . Corms oblate , covered with a tunic. Leaves few, all basal, green, linear , adaxially with pale , median stripe , base surrounded by membranous, sheathlike leaves. Aerial stem not developed. Flowers emerging from ground , with peduncle and ovary subterranean . Perianth white, yellow, or lilac to dark purple; tube long, slender; segments similar, equal or subequal . Stamens inserted in throat of perianth tube. Style 1, slender, distally with 3 to many branches. Capsule small, ellipsoid or oblong-ellipsoid.

About 80 species: C and W Asia, Europe, Mediterranean region; two species (one introduced ) in China.[2]

Taxonomy

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Notes

Publishing author : Boiss. & Reut. ex Boiss. Publication : Fl. Orient. [Boissier] 5(1): 100 1882 [Jul 1882]

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Crocus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 105 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

C. ancyrensis 'Golden Bunch' (Golden Bunch Crocus) · C. angustifolius (Cloth of Gold) · C. angustifolius bronze-tinged (Cloth of Gold) · C. angustifolius 'Cloth of Gold' (Cloth of Gold Cloth of Gold Crocus) · C. banaticus (Autumn Crocus) · C. biflorus (Scotch Crocus) · C. biflorus 'Miss Vain' (Dutch Crocus) · C. cartwrightianus (Autumn Crocus) · C. cartwrightianus 'Albus' (Autumn Crocus) · C. chrysanthus (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Advance' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Ard Schenk' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Blue Bird' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Blue Pearl' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Brass Band' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Cream Beauty' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Dorothy' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Fuscotinctus' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Goldilocks' (Goldilocks Golden Crocus Crocus Chrysanthus) · C. chrysanthus 'Jeannine' (Dutch Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Lady Killer' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Moonlight' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Prins Claus' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Romance' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Saturnus' (Early Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Snowbunting' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Violet Queen' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Zenith' (Golden Crocus) · C. chrysanthus 'Zwanenburg Bronze' (Golden Crocus) · C. corsicus (Corsican Crocus) · C. etruscus (Etruscan Crocus) · C. etruscus 'Zwanenburg' (Crocus) · C. flavus (Yellow Crocus) · C. goulimyi (Autumn Crocus) · C. heufelianus (Crocus) · C. imperati (Early Crocus) · C. imperati subsp. suaveolens 'De Jager' (Early Crocus) · C. kotschyanus (Kotschys Crocus) · C. laevigatus var. fontenayi (Autumn Crocus) · C. mathewii (Crocus) · C. medius (Ligurian Autumn Crocus) · C. minimus (Crocus) · C. nudiflorus (Naked-Flowering Crocus) · C. ochroleucus (Fall Crocus) · C. olivieri (Crocus) · C. pallasii (Autumn Crocus) · C. pulchellus (Autumn Crocus) · C. pulchellus 'Albus' (Fall Crocus) · C. pulchellus 'Zephyr' (Autumn Crocus) · C. reticulatus (Cloth-Of-Gold Crocus) · C. sativus (Saffron Crocus) · C. sativus 'Cashmerianus' (Saffron Crocus) · C. serotinus (Ornamental Crocus) · C. sieberi (Crocus) · C. sieberi J.Gay 'Bowles White' (Crocus) · C. sieberi nivalis (Sieber's Crocus) · C. sieberi sublimis f. tricolor (Crocus) · C. sieberi subsp. atticus 'Firefly' (Crocus 'firefly') · C. sieberi 'Firefly' (Crocus) · C. sieberi 'Hubert Edelsten' (Crocus) · C. sieberi 'Ronald Ginns' (Sieber's Crocus) · C. speciosus (Autumn Crocus) · C. speciosus 'Aino' (Autumn Crocus) · C. speciosus 'Aitchisonii' (Autumn Crocus) · C. speciosus 'Albus' (Autumn Crocus) · C. speciosus 'Conqueror' (Autumn Crocus) · C. speciosus 'Oxonian' (Autumn Crocus) · C. thomasii (Autumn Crocus) · C. tommasinianus (Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus Herb. 'Albus' (Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus 'Barr's Purple' (Barr's Purple Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus 'Lilac Beauty' (Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus 'Pictus' (Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus 'Roseus' (Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus 'Ruby Giant' (Early Crocus) · C. tommasinianus 'Whitewell Purple' (Early Crocus) · C. tournefortii (Fall Crocus) · C. vernus (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Enchantress' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Flower Record' (Giant Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Jeanne D'arc' (Jeanne D'arc Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'King of the Striped' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Little Dorrit' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Negro Boy' (Giant Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Paulus Potter' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Peter Pan' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Pickwick' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Purpureus' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Queen of the Blues' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Remembrance' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Silver Coral' (Giant Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Striped Beauty' (Dutch Crocus) · C. vernus 'Vanguard' (Dutch Crocus) · C. versicolor (Spring Crocus) · C. versicolor 'Picturatus' (Spring Crocus) · C. × luteus 'Golden Yellow' (Dutch Crocus) · C. x luteus 'Stellaris' (Dutch Crocus) · C. x luteus 'Yellow Mammoth' (Dutch Crocus) · C. 'Blue Pearl' (Crocus 'blue Pearl')

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Yu-tang Zhao, Henry J. Noltie & Brian F. Mathew "Iridaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 297. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Crocus". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 313. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2013-10-25