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Coreopsis integrifolia

(Chipola River Coreopsis)

Overview

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Critically Endangered

Threat status

Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Chipola River Coreopsis, Ciliate-Leaf Tickseed, Ciliated Tickseed, Dye-Flower, Fringeleaf Tickseed

Description

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Family Compositae

The largest family of flowering plants , the Compositae (Asteraceae), comprising about 1,100 genera and more than 20,000 species and characterized by many small flowers arranged in a head looking like a single flower and subtended by an involucre of bracts. A head may consist of both ray flowers and disk flowers, as in the sunflower, of disk flowers only, as in the burdock, or of ray flowers only, as in the dandelion.

Tribe Heliantheae

The Heliantheae are a tribe of closely related genera of the sunflower family that can be readily recognized due to the association of a receptacular bract or chaff scale with each disk floret in the head . The heads usually include bisexual , actinomorphic disk florets with tubular corollas that have 4 or 5 distal lobes and also peripheral zygomorphic female or sometimes sterile florets with strap-shaped corollas that have 3 or fewer distal teeth. However, the ray flowers are sometimes absent and the heads are then discoid , containing only bisexual florets with tubular corollas. The pappus is absent or more commonly ranges from scales to stiff bristles . -- Gerald Carr.

Genus Coreopsis

Annuals , perennials , subshrubs , or shrubs , 10-80(-200+) cm (often rhizomatous or with cormiform bases , stoloniferous in C. auriculata). Stems usually 1, erect , branched distally or ± throughout. Leaves basal, basal and cauline, or cauline; opposite or alternate or both; petiolate or sessile; blades simple and entire (dentate in C. latifolia), or ± pinnately or pedately lobed , faces glabrous or hairy . Heads radiate , borne singly or in open, ± corymbiform arrays. Calyculi of (3-) 8+, distinct , ± herbaceous bractlets . Involucres ± globose to cylindric , 4-25+ mm diam. Phyllaries usually ± 8 in ± 2 series (usually distinct, rarely connate ± 1/10 their lengths , mostly oblong to linear , ± membranous, margins ± scarious ). Receptacles flat to convex , paleate; paleae falling, ovate to linear or subulate , ± flat, ± scarious (not adnate to and not falling with cypselae except in C. bigelovii). Ray florets mostly (5-) 8(-12+, more in "double" cultivars), neuter , or styliferous and sterile , or pistillate and fertile ; corollas usually yellow, sometimes red-brown to purple proximally, sometimes wholly purple or pink to white. Disc florets 8-150+, bisexual , fertile; corollas usually yellow, sometimes red-brown to purple at tips or throughout, tubes equaling or shorter than narrowly funnelform throats , lobes 4 or 5 (adaxial sinus seldom deeper than others). Cypselae obcompressed , ± orbiculate to ovate, oblong, or linear, usually thin-margined or winged , wings membranous to chartaceous or corky, entire or lobed to toothed , sometimes ciliolate ; faces smooth or ± papillate to tuberculate ; pappi 0, or persistent , of 2 bristly cusps or scales (sometimes pappi 0 and shoulders of cypsela wings ± bristly, pappus-like). x = 14.

Species ca. 35: mostly temperate North America, also tropical New World and Old World.Early leaves of some coreopsises often differ from later leaves on individual plants .

In such plants, early (proximal ) leaves may be 1-3-pinnately or pedately lobed and 12-25+ cm long with 9-15+ orbiculate to lanceolate, linear, or filiform lobes and contrast markedly with later (distal) leaves 1-3 cm that are undivided or have 3-5+ lanceolate to linear or filiform lobes.Cultivars (often "doubles" with multiple series of "ray" florets ) derived from Coreopsis auriculata, C. grandiflora, C. lanceolata, and C. tinctoria are grown in public and residential gardens and are grown commercially for cut flowers.[1]

Physical Description

Species Coreopsis integrifolia

Perennials , 40-60 cm. Internodes (± mid stem) 3-8 cm. Leaves mostly cauline; opposite; petioles 5-15 mm, ciliate ; blades elliptic to lanceolate, 20-45+ × 9-18+ mm, not lobed . Peduncles 3-8+ cm. Calyculi of ± oblong to linear bractlets 3-5 mm. Phyllaries lance-ovate, 7-8+ mm. Ray laminae yellow, 20-25+ mm. Disc florets 45-80+; corollas purplish or purple-tipped, 2.8-3.7 mm. Cypselae narrowly obovate , 4-4.5 mm, winged , wings 0.1 mm wide, ± pectinate ; pappi of 2 cusps 0.1-0.2 mm. 2n = 26. [source]

Habit: Forb/herb

Flowers: Bloom Period: September, October. • Flower Color: yellow

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 12-18" tall.

Landscaping

Landscape Uses: Mixed flower gardens. • Care: Shear after each flush of bloom , for flowering all summer.

Habitat

Low woodlands, flood plains ; 0-50 m [2].

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: Perennial

Growth

Soil: Well-drained soil.

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 8a, 8b, 9a. (map)

Taxonomy

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Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Comment: Data Providers: Govaerts World Compositae Checklist A-G, IPNI, Tropicos. GCC LSID: urn :lsid:compositae.org:names:CAE548D3-229C-4154-A37F-8D17ED86A955

Last scrutiny: 12-Aug-09

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Coreopsis

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 103 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

C. auriculata (Lobed Tickseed) · C. auriculata 'Nana' (Dwarf Coreopsis) · C. auriculata 'Snowberry' (Snowberry Tickseed) · C. auriculata 'Zamfir' (Dwarf Coreopsis) · C. auriculata 'Zamphir' (Tickseed) · C. basalis (Golden-Mane Tickseed) · C. bigelovii (Bigelow's Tickseed) · C. californica (California Tickseed) · C. californica (Nutt.) H.K.Sharsmith var. californica (Nutt.) H.K.Sharsmith (California Tickseed) · C. californica var. californica (California Tickseed) · C. californica var. newberryi (Newberry's Tickseed) · C. calliopsidea (Leaf-Stem Tickseed) · C. delphiniifolia (Larkspur-Leaf Tickseed) · C. douglasii (Douglas' Tickseed) · C. falcata (Falcate Tickseed) · C. floridana (Florida Tickseed) · C. gigantea (Giant Coreopsis) · C. gladiata (Coastalplain Tickseed) · C. grandiflora (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora var. grandiflora (Largeflower Tickseed) · C. grandiflora var. harveyana (Largeflower Tickseed) · C. grandiflora var. longipes (Largeflower Tickseed) · C. grandiflora var. saxicola (Largeflower Tickseed) · C. grandiflora var. saxicola (Alexander) E.B.Sm. (Largeflower Tickseed) · C. grandiflora 'Baby Sun' (Baby Sun Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Domino' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Early Sunrise' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Heliot' (Heliot Tickseed) · C. grandiflora 'Illico' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Mayfield Giant' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Rising Sun' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Sunfire' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Sunray' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. grandiflora 'Walcoreop' (Bigflower Coreopsis) · C. hamiltonii (Mount Hamilton Coreopsis) · C. harveyana (Largeflower Tickseed) · C. integrifolia (Chipola River Coreopsis) · C. intermedia (Golden Wave Tickseed) · C. lanceolata (Lance Coreopsis) · C. lanceolata L. 'Sterntaler' (Lanceleaf Coreopsis) · C. lanceolata 'Baby Sun' (Baby Sun Coreopsis) · C. lanceolata 'Double Sunburst' (Lanceleaf Coreopsis) · C. lanceolata 'Goldfink' (Lanceleaf Coreopsis) · C. lanceolata 'Ruby Throat' (Lanceleaf Coreopsis) · C. lanceolata 'Walter' (Walter Lance-Leaf Coreopsis) · C. latifolia (Broad-Leaved Tickseed) · C. leavenworthii (Leavenworth's Tickseed) · C. linifolia (Texas Tickseed) · C. major (Forest Tickseed) · C. maritima (Beach Dahlia) · C. mitis (Smallfruit Beggarticks) · C. nudata (Georgia Tickseed) · C. nuecensis (Crown Tickseed) · C. nuecensoides (Rio Grande Tickseed) · C. palmata (Prairie Coreopsis) · C. pubescens (Downy Coreopsis) · C. pubescens var. debilis (Star Tickseed) · C. pubescens var. debilis (Sherff) E.B.Sm. (Star Tickseed) · C. pubescens var. pubescens (Star Tickseed) · C. pubescens var. robusta (Star Tickseed) · C. pubescens 'Sunshine Superman' (Downy Coreopsis) · C. pulchra (Woodland Tickseed) · C. rosea (Pink Coreopsis) · C. rosea 'Alba' (Pink Tickseed) · C. rosea 'American Dream' (American Dream Tickseed) · C. rosea 'Dreamcatcher' (Pink Tickseed) · C. rosea 'Heavens Gate' (Heaven's Gate Pink Tickseed) · C. rosea'Limerock Ruby' (Limerock Ruby Tickseed) · C. rosea 'Sweet Dreams' (Sweet Dreams Tickseed) · C. stillmanii (Stillman's Tickseed) · C. tinctoria (Calliopsis) · C. tinctoria Nutt. var. atkinsoniana (Douglas ex Lindl.) H.M.Parker ex E.B.Sm. (Atkinson Tickseed) · C. tinctoria var. atkinsoniana (Atkinson's Tickseed) · C. tinctoria var. similis (Golden Tickseed) · C. tinctoria var. tinctoria (Golden Tickseed) · C. tinctoria 'Amulet' (Calliopsis) · C. tinctoria 'Dwarf' (Calliopsis) · C. tinctoria 'Mahogany Midget' (Calliopsis) · C. tinctoria 'Quills and Thrills' (Coreopsis) · C. tinctoria 'Radiata Mix' (Calliopsis) · C. tinctoria 'Seashells' (Seashell Coreopsis) · C. tinctoria 'Tiger Flowered' (Calliopsis) · C. tripteris (Atlantic Coreopsis) · C. verticillata (Golden Gain) · C. verticillata 'Alba' (Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. verticillata 'Creme Brulee' (Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. verticillata 'Golden Gain' (Golden Gain Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. verticillata 'Golden Showers' (Golden Showers Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. verticillata 'Grandiflora' (Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. verticillata 'Moonbeam' (Moonbeam Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. verticillata 'Rosea' (Rosea Pink Tickseed) · C. verticillata 'Zagreb' (Threadleaf Coreopsis) · C. wrightii (Rock Tickseed) · C. x 'Tequila Sunrise' (Tequila Sunrise Tickseed) · C. 'Autumn Blush' (Autumn Blush Tickseed) · C. 'Creme Brulee' (Creme Brulee Tickseed) · C. 'Heaven's Gate' (Heaven's Gate Tickseed) · C. 'Limerock Passions' (Tickseed) · C. 'Limerock Passion' (Limerock Passion Tickseed) · C. 'Limerock Ruby' (Limerock Ruby Tickseed)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 28, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. John L. Strother "Coreopsis". in Flora of North America Vol. 21 Page 51, 184, 185. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Coreopsis integrifolia". in Flora of North America Vol. 21 Page 196. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-12-01