Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Arabic:
Dâr Sînî, Dâr Sînî Ed Dûn, Dâr Sûss, Salîkhah
Common Names in Bengali:
Common Names in Bulgarian:
Common Names in Chinese:
Rou Gui, Yu Gui
Common Names in Czech:
Common Names in Danish:
Kassiakanel, Kinesisk Kanel, Kinesisk Kaneltræ
Common Names in Dutch:
Bastaardkaneel, Kassie, Valse Kaneel
Common Names in English:
Cassia Cinnamon, Bastard Cinnamon, Cassia, Cassia Bark, Cassia-Bark, Cassia-Bark Tree, Chinese Cinnamon, Chinese-Cassia, Cinnamon Cassia, Saigon Cinnamon
Common Names in Estonian:
Common Names in Finnish:
Kassia, Kassiakaneli, Kiinankaneli, Talouskaneli
Common Names in French:
Canelle De Cochinchine, Cannelier Casse, Cannelier De Chine, Cannelle Bâtarde, Cannelle De Chine, Cannelle De Cochinchine, Cannellier Casse, Laurier Casse
Common Names in German:
Chinazimt, Chinesischer Zimtbaum, Chinesisches Zimt, Kassie (As C Cassia), Zimtcassie, Zimtcassie (As C Cassia)
Common Names in Greek:
Common Names in Hebrew:
Common Names in Hindi:
Common Names in Hungarian:
Fahéjkasszia, Kínai Fahéj, Kasszia
Common Names in Italian:
Cannella Della Cina, Cassia, Falsa Cannella, Lauro Cassia
Common Names in Japanese:
kashia, Kashia Keihi, Kashia-Keihi, Tonkin Nikkei
Common Names in Laotian:
Sa Chwang (Sa Chouang)
Common Names in Malay:
Kayu Manis Cina, Kayu Manis Cina (Indonesia)
Common Names in Norwegian:
Common Names in Polish:
Cynamon Chiski; Cynamonowiec Chiski, Cynamonowiec Wonny (Tree)
Common Names in Portuguese:
Cássia, Cássia-Aromática, Canela-Da-China
Common Names in Punjabi:
Common Names in Russian:
Korichnik Aromatnyi, Korichnik Kitanskii, Korichnoe Derevo
Common Names in Sanskrit:
Chadana, Pattra, Sthula Tvak, Tamaala Patra, Tamaalaka, Tvakpatrakka, Utkata
Common Names in Spanish:
Canela De La China, Canelero Chino
Common Names in Swedish:
Hushållskanel, Kassia, Kassiakanel
Common Names in Thai:
Op Choei Chin (Bangkok)
Common Names in Turkish:
to tall trees
or rarely deciduous ( Cassytha a parasitic vine
with leaves reduced to scales
), usually aromatic
. Leaves alternate, rarely whorled
or opposite, simple
, without stipules, petiolate
. Leaf blade
: unlobed (unlobed or lobed
in Sassafras ), margins
entire, occasionally with domatia (crevices or hollows serving as lodging for mites
) in axils of main lateral
veins (in Cinnamomum ) . Inflorescences in axils of leaves or deciduous bracts, panicles (rarely heads
cymes, or pseudoumbels (spikes in Cassytha ), sometimes enclosed by decussate bracts. Flowers bisexual
, bisexual only, or staminate
on different plants
, or staminate and bisexual on some plants, pistillate and bisexual on others; flowers usually yellow to greenish or white, rarely reddish; hypanthium well developed, resembling calyx tube
, tepals and stamens perigynous; tepals 6(-9), in 2(-3) whorls of 3, sepaloid
, equal or rarely unequal, if unequal then usually outer 3 smaller than inner 3 (occasionally absent in Litsea ) ; stamens (3-) 9(-12), in whorls of 3, but 1 or more whorls frequently staminodial or absent; stamens of 3d whorl with 2 glands
2- or 4-locular, locules opening by valves
; pistil 1, 1-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; placentation basal; ovule 1; stigma subsessile
or capitate. Fruits drupes, drupe borne on pedicel with or without persistent
tepals at base, or seated in ± deeply cup-shaped receptacle (cupule), or enclosed in accrescent
. Seed 1; endosperm absent.
Genera ca. 50, species 2000-3000 (9 genera, 13 species in the flora ) : pantropical , a few species also in subtropical and temperate regions
Cassytha is sometimes placed in its own family , Cassythaceae; it is here retained in Lauraceae.
gray [or brown], furrowed
]; bark and leaves often aromatic
. Leaves alternate, infrequently opposite. Leaf blade
with (1-) 3 primary
veins [or infrequently pinnately veined], papery
to leathery; surfaces glabrous
or variously pubescent
; domatia frequently present. Inflorescences appearing when mature
leaves are present, axillary
, panicles. Flowers bisexual
; tepals deciduous or persistent
, white, green, or yellow, equal; stamens 9, anthers
4-locular, 4-valved (rarely with anthers of inner 3 stamens 2-locular), extrorse
; staminodes 3, apex sagittate
or cordate; ovary ovoid-ellipsoid. Drupe bluish black, nearly globose
, seated in small cupule with entire single rim
or tepals persistent.
Species 300 or more: tropical and subtropical regions, North America, Central America, South America, Asia, Pacific Islands, Australia.
The neotropical species were formerly included in Phoebe, but they are better placed in Cinnamomum.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- (Perleb, 1826) Takhtajan, 1997
- Order: Laurales () - Perleb, 1826
- Superorder: Lauranae () - (Perleb, 1826) Takhtajan, 1997
- Subclass: Magnoliidae () - Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Cinnamomum cassia Nees Ex Blume
Publishing author : J.Graham Publication : Cat. Bomb . Pl. 173
Members of the genus Cinnamomum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 27 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. aromaticum (Cassia Cinnamon) · C. bejolghota (and God´s Cinnamon) · C. burmanni (Padang Cassia) · C. burmannii (Malaysian Cinnamon) · C. burmannii f. heyneanum (Narrow-Leaved Batavia Cinnamon) · C. camphora (Camphor Laurel) · C. camphora var. procera (Japanese Camphor) · C. chekiangensis (Camphor Tree) · C. citriodorum (Malabar Cinnamon) · C. elongatum (Laurel Avispillo) · C. glanduliferum (False Camphor Tree) · C. iners (Wild Cinnamon) · C. japonicum (Japanese Cinnamon) · C. loureirii (Saigon Cassia) · C. loureiroi (Vietnamese Cinnamon) · C. macrocarpum (Medicinal Cinnamon) · C. malabathrum (Cinnamon (Western Ghats - India)) · C. mercadoi (Cinamomon) · C. mexicanum (Mexican Cinnamon) · C. montanum (Avispillo) · C. sessilifolium (Cinnamon) · C. sulphuratum (North-India Wild Cinnamon) · C. tamala (Indian Bark) · C. tamala var. albiflorum (Indian-Cassia) · C. tamala var. intermedium (Indian-Cassia) · C. verum (Ceylon Cinnamon Tree) · C. zeilanicum (Sri Lanka Cinnamon)
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- A class-book of botany, designed for colleges, academies, and other seminaries. Illustrated by a flora of northern, middle, and western states; particularly of the United States north of the Capitol, lat. 38 3/4. Claremont, N. H., Manufacturing Co., S. Ide, agent, 1850. url p. 478.
- A class-book of botany: designed for colleges, academies, and other seminaries: in two parts: part I, The elements of botany: part II, The natural orders: illustrated by a flora of the northern, middle, and western states, particularly of the United States north of the Capitol, lat 38 3/4 / by Alphonso Wood. New York: A.S. Barnes & Burr; c1846. url p. 478.
- An introduction to pharmacognosy / by Smith Ely Jelliffe. London: W. B. Saunders and Company, 1905. url p. 160, p. 257.
- Annals of natural history. London, R. and J.E. Taylor, url p. 184, p. 184, p. 184.
- Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 27 1900 New York: Torrey Botanical Club, 1870-1996 url p. 283.
- C. E. Hobbs Botanical hand-book of common local, English, botanical and pharmacopial names arranged in alphabetical order, of most of the crude vegetable drugs, etc., in common use. Especially designed as a reference book for druggists and apothecaries. Comp. and pub. by Charles E. Hobbs. Boston, Printed by C.C. Roberts, 1876. url p. 185.
- C.E. Hobbs' Botanical hand-book: of common local, English, botanical and pharmacopœial names arranged in alphabetical order, of most of the crude vegetable drugs, etc., in common use: their properties, productions and uses in an abb Boston: Printed by C.C. Roberts, 1876. url , , .
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- Class-book of botany: being outlines of the structure, physiology and classification of plants: with a flora of the United States and Canada / by Alphonso Wood. New York: A.S. Barnes & Burr, 1861, c1860. url p. 620.
- Colonial and Indian Exhibition, 1886 official catalogue. London: W. Clowes, 1886. url .
- Comparative anatomy of the vegetative organs of the phanerogams and ferns / by A. de Bary; translated and annotated by F.O. Bower and D.H. Scott; with 241 woodcuts and an index. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1884. url p. 529, p. 632, p. 71.
- Flora medica; a botanical account of all the more important plants used in medicine in different parts of the world. London, Longman, 1838. url p. 329.
- Hortus suburbanus Calcuttensis; A catalogue of the plants which have been cultivated in the Hon. East India Company's botanical garden, Calcutta, and in the Serampore botanical garden. By the late J. O. Voigt, printed under the superintendence of W. Griffith. Calcutta, Bishop's College Press, 1845. url p. 310.
- Introduction to structural and systematic botany and vegetable physiology: being a fifth and revised edition of The botanical text-book / by Asa Gray. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, 1877. url p. 467.
- Medicinal plants. Being descriptions with original figures of the principal plants employed in medicine and an account of the characters, properties, and uses of their parts and products of medicinal value. By Robert Bentley and Henry Trimen. Plates by David Blair. In four volumes. London, J. & A. Churchill, 1880. url , .
- Physiological plant anatomy, tr. by Montagu Drummond. London, MacMillan, 1914. url p. 768.
- Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 8 1885 Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.] url p. 657.
- Suggestions received by the Agricultural & Horticultural Society of India for extending the cultivation and introduction of useful and ornamental plants: with a view to the improvement of the agricultural and commercial resources of India / compiled by Henry Harpur Spry. Calcutta: Bishop's College Press, 1841. url p. 16.
- The Gardeners' chronicle. 1841 London: published for the proprietors, 1841-1843. url p. 278.
- The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. 26 1889-90 London: the Society: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green: ||Williams and Norgate, 1865-1968. url p. 371.
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- The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council. London: L. Reeve, 1875-97. url p. 132.
- The flora of the presidency of Bombay / By Theodore Cooke. London: Taylor and Francis, 1903-08. url p. 1058.
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- Wood, C. E. Jr. 1958. The genera of the woody Ranales in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 39: 296-346.
- Rohwer, J. G. 1993. Lauraceae: Nectandra. In: Organization for Flora Neotropica. 1968+. Flora Neotropica. 65+ vols. New York. Monogr. 60.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2670229
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-506205
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13763987
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:463288-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 70182
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 506205
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 463287-1
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: CICA18
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 28957