Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Da Ye Gui
Common Names in English:
Common Names in Hindi:
Darchini, Jangli Darchini
Common Names in Kannada:
Common Names in Malayalam:
Ilavangam, Karuntoli, Karuvu, Vayana
Common Names in Marathi:
Ranachadal, Ranachadalchini, Randalchini
Common Names in Sanskrit:
Patra, Patraka, Tamalapatra, Tamalapatram, Tejpatra, Tilaka
Common Names in Tamil:
Ilavangkam, Kattukkaruva, Kattukkaruvappattai, Taalica Pattiri
Common Names in Telugu:
Adavilavangapatta, Lavangam, Pachaku
Common Names in Thai:
Chiat, Op Choei, Op Choei Ton (Central Thailand)
Common Names in Urdu:
Darchini, Sazaj Hindi, Sazaj I Hindi, Tazpat, Tezpat
Common Names in Visayan:
to tall trees
or rarely deciduous ( Cassytha a parasitic vine
with leaves reduced to scales
), usually aromatic
. Leaves alternate, rarely whorled
or opposite, simple
, without stipules, petiolate
. Leaf blade
: unlobed (unlobed or lobed
in Sassafras ), margins
entire, occasionally with domatia (crevices or hollows serving as lodging for mites
) in axils of main lateral
veins (in Cinnamomum ) . Inflorescences in axils of leaves or deciduous bracts, panicles (rarely heads
cymes, or pseudoumbels (spikes in Cassytha ), sometimes enclosed by decussate bracts. Flowers bisexual
, bisexual only, or staminate
on different plants
, or staminate and bisexual on some plants, pistillate and bisexual on others; flowers usually yellow to greenish or white, rarely reddish; hypanthium well developed, resembling calyx tube
, tepals and stamens perigynous; tepals 6(-9), in 2(-3) whorls of 3, sepaloid
, equal or rarely unequal, if unequal then usually outer 3 smaller than inner 3 (occasionally absent in Litsea ) ; stamens (3-) 9(-12), in whorls of 3, but 1 or more whorls frequently staminodial or absent; stamens of 3d whorl with 2 glands
2- or 4-locular, locules opening by valves
; pistil 1, 1-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; placentation basal; ovule 1; stigma subsessile
or capitate. Fruits drupes, drupe borne on pedicel with or without persistent
tepals at base, or seated in ± deeply cup-shaped receptacle (cupule), or enclosed in accrescent
. Seed 1; endosperm absent.
Genera ca. 50, species 2000-3000 (9 genera, 13 species in the flora ) : pantropical , a few species also in subtropical and temperate regions
Cassytha is sometimes placed in its own family , Cassythaceae; it is here retained in Lauraceae.
gray [or brown], furrowed
]; bark and leaves often aromatic
. Leaves alternate, infrequently opposite. Leaf blade
with (1-) 3 primary
veins [or infrequently pinnately veined], papery
to leathery; surfaces glabrous
or variously pubescent
; domatia frequently present. Inflorescences appearing when mature
leaves are present, axillary
, panicles. Flowers bisexual
; tepals deciduous or persistent
, white, green, or yellow, equal; stamens 9, anthers
4-locular, 4-valved (rarely with anthers of inner 3 stamens 2-locular), extrorse
; staminodes 3, apex sagittate
or cordate; ovary ovoid-ellipsoid. Drupe bluish black, nearly globose
, seated in small cupule with entire single rim
or tepals persistent.
Species 300 or more: tropical and subtropical regions, North America, Central America, South America, Asia, Pacific Islands, Australia.
The neotropical species were formerly included in Phoebe, but they are better placed in Cinnamomum.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- (Perleb, 1826) Takhtajan, 1997
- Order: Laurales () - Perleb, 1826
- Superorder: Lauranae () - (Perleb, 1826) Takhtajan, 1997
- Subclass: Magnoliidae () - Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Publishing author : Reinw. ex Blume Publication : Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 11: 570 1826 [24 Jan 1826]
Members of the genus Cinnamomum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 27 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. aromaticum (Cassia Cinnamon) · C. bejolghota (and God´s Cinnamon) · C. burmanni (Padang Cassia) · C. burmannii (Malaysian Cinnamon) · C. burmannii f. heyneanum (Narrow-Leaved Batavia Cinnamon) · C. camphora (Camphor Laurel) · C. camphora var. procera (Japanese Camphor) · C. chekiangensis (Camphor Tree) · C. citriodorum (Malabar Cinnamon) · C. elongatum (Laurel Avispillo) · C. glanduliferum (False Camphor Tree) · C. iners (Wild Cinnamon) · C. japonicum (Japanese Cinnamon) · C. loureirii (Saigon Cassia) · C. loureiroi (Vietnamese Cinnamon) · C. macrocarpum (Medicinal Cinnamon) · C. malabathrum (Cinnamon (Western Ghats - India)) · C. mercadoi (Cinamomon) · C. mexicanum (Mexican Cinnamon) · C. montanum (Avispillo) · C. sessilifolium (Cinnamon) · C. sulphuratum (North-India Wild Cinnamon) · C. tamala (Indian Bark) · C. tamala var. albiflorum (Indian-Cassia) · C. tamala var. intermedium (Indian-Cassia) · C. verum (Ceylon Cinnamon Tree) · C. zeilanicum (Sri Lanka Cinnamon)
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- Conservation and sustainable management of trees, report of the third regional workshop, held at Army Hotel, Hanoi, Viet Nam, 18-21 August, 1997 WCMC url p. 120.
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- Odorographia: a natural history of raw materials and drugs used in the perfume industry: intended to serve growers, manufacturers and consumers / by J. Ch. Sawer. London: Gurney & Jackson, 1892-1894. url p. 208.
- Official guide to the museums of economic botany. LondonPrinted for H.M. Stationery Off., by Darling1907 url p. 174.
- Pharmacographia: a history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in Great Britain and British India / by Friedrich A. Flckiger and Daniel Hanbury. London: Macmillan, 1879. url p. 528.
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- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 10, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from provider.
- The International Plant Names Index. Accessed Dec 27, 2011.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 10, 2008:
- Missouri Botanical Garden
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 1672029
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:463468-1
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 463467-1
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 646611