- The name "Satin Leaf" comes from the small leaves that are reddish-brown underneath.
- The purple fruits are small and edible.
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Satin Leaf, Damson Plum, Damson-Plum, Nensarrjo, Satin-Leaf, Satinleaf, Star Apple, Tuko, Wild Star-Apple
Common Names in French:
Common Names in Spanish:
Caimitillo, Caimito, Eslo, Pipa
, usually producing latex. Leaves spirally arranged
or alternate and distichous, rarely ± opposite, sometimes crowded at apex of branchlets
; stipules early deciduous or absent; leaf blade
or leathery, margin
entire. Flowers bisexual
, usually in sessile axillary
, rarely solitary; cluster pedunculate or in raceme-like inflorescence, bracteolate
. Calyx a single whorl of usually 4--6 sepals, or 2 whorls each with 2--4 sepals. Corolla lobes
as many to 2 X
as many as sepals, usually entire, rarely with 2 lacerate
or lobular appendages
. Stamens inserted
at corolla base
or at throat
of corolla tube
, as many as and opposite corolla lobes to many and in 2 or 3 whorls; staminodes when present alternate with stamens, scaly
to petal-like. Ovary superior, 4- or 5-locular, placentation axillary; ovules 1 per locule, anatropous
. Style 1, often apically lobed
. Fruit a berry or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seed coat
yellow in Pouteria annamensis), hard, shiny, rich in tannin; endosperm usually oily; seed scar
or basal and round
About 1100 species and 53 genera: pantropical ; 11 genera and 24 species (six endemic) in China.
. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. Flowers small, 2 to many fascicled and axillary
or sessile. Sepals 5(or 6), usually glabrous
or inside tomentose
. Corolla tube
, usually extended, (4- or) 5--11-lobed. Stamens (4 or) 5--10 in 1 whorl, inserted
and opposite corolla lobes
; staminodes absent. Ovary 1--10-locular, villous
or glabrous. Style longer
to shorter than ovary. Fruit 1--8-seeded, exocarp
thick to very thin. Seed coat
to crusty; scar
narrow to wide, lateral
, sometimes almost covering entire seed.
About 70 species: Madagascar; tropical and subtropical America, tropical Africa and Asia; one species in China.
Habit: Tree , Shrub
Flowers: Bloom Period: July, August, September, October, November. • Flower Color: cream, tan
Size: 30-40' tall.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1996
- Order: Ericales () - Dumortier, 1829
- Superorder: Primulanae () - R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1996
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Chrysophyllum oliviforme var. typicum Cronquist • Cynodendron oliviforme (L.) Baehni • Dactimala oliviformis (L.) Raf. • Guersentia oliviformis (L.) Raf.
Publishing author : Lam. Publication : Encycl. (Lamarck) 1(2): 552 1785 [1 Aug 1785]
Members of the genus Chrysophyllum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 9 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. africanum (African Star Apple) · C. albidum (White Star Apple) · C. argenteum (Bastard Redwood) · C. argenteum argenteum (Smooth Star Apple) · C. cainito (Caimito) · C. mexicanum (Caimitillo) · C. oliviforme (Satin Leaf) · C. oliviforme oliviforme (Satinleaf) · C. pauciflorum (Camito De Perro)
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- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:786504-1
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