Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Desert Catalpa, Desert Willow, Desert-Willow, Desertwillow, Flowering Willow, Orchid of the Desert
Common Names in unspecified:
Desert Willow, Desertwillow
, or vines
rarely herbs. Leaves opposite, alternate, or whorled
or pinnately compound
, rarely palmately compound
, without stipules, climbers usually with tendrils
modified sometimes into hooks or suckers
. Inflorescences cymose
, or racemose, terminal
, rarely flowers borne on old stems; bracts and bractlets
present, sometimes deciduous. Flowers bisexual
, zygomorphic, usually large. Calyx campanulate
, 2-5-dentate, or glandular
subulate-dentate. Corolla campanulate or funnelform
, usually bilabiate; lobes
5, imbricate or valvate
stamens 4 (didynamous
) and staminode 1, or 2 and staminodes 3, rarely all 5 stamens fertile. Disc fleshy
. Ovary superior, 2-locular, rarely 1- or 4-locular; placentation axile
; ovules numerous
. Style filiform
; stigma 2-lobed. Capsule dehiscing loculicidally or septicidally, rarely fruit fleshy and indehiscent. Seeds numerous, usually winged
or with tufts of hairs
at both ends; endosperm absent.
About 116-120 genera and 650-750 species: mostly in tropical and subtropical regions; 12 genera and 35 species (21 endemic) in China.
Plants of the Bignoniaceae usually produce large flowers, and many species are widely cultivated in China as ornamentals . These include Arrabidaea magnifica Sprague ex Steenis, Campsis radicans (Linnaeus) Seemann, Catalpa speciosa (Warder ex Barney) Engelmann, Clytostoma callistegioides (Chamisso) Bureau & Schumann, Crescentia alata Kunth, C. cujete Linnaeus, Jacaranda cuspidifolia Martius, J. mimosifolia D. Don, Kigelia africana (Lamarck) Bentham, Macfadyena unguis-cati (Linnaeus) A. H. Gentry, Pandorea jasminoides (Linnaeus) Schumann, Parmetiera cerifera Seemann, Podranea ricasoliana (Tanfani) Sprague, Pyrostegia venusta (Ker-Gawler) Miers, Spathodea campanulata Beauvois, Stenolobium stans (Linnaeus) Seemann, Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacquin) G. Nicholson, T. rosea (Bertoloni) de Candolle, and Tecomaria capensis (Thunberg) Spach.
Habit: Tree , Shrub • Growth Form: Multiple Stem • Shape and Orientation: Erect
Flowers: Bloom Period: Late Spring • Flower Color: Yellow • Flower Conspicuous: Yes
Seeds: Seed per Pound: 86000 • Seed Spread Rate: Slow • Seedling Vigor: Low • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No • Cold Stratification Required: No
Foliage: Foliage Color: Green • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense • Foliage Porosity Winter: Moderate • Foliage Texture: Medium • Fall Conspicuous: No • Leaf Retention: No
Active Growth Period: Spring , Summer, Fall • Growth Rate: Rapid • Mature Height (feet): 25.0 • Maximum Height at 20 Years (feet): 15 • Size: 6-8' tall. • Vegetative Spread Rate: None • Lifespan: Lifespan
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,086 meters (0 to 6,844 feet).
Duration: Perennial • Coppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes • Propagated by Container: Yes • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes • Propagated by Seed: Yes • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: No • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
Culture: Space 6-8' apart.
Soil: Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes • Anaerobic Tolerance: None • Salinity Tolerance: Low • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium • Minimum pH: 8.0 • Maximum pH: 10.0 • Fertility Requirement: Low
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High • Minimum Precipitation: 10 • Maximum Precipitation: 20 • Moisture Use: Low
Temperature: Minimum Temperature (F): 2 • Minimum Frost Free Days: 180 • Cold Hardiness: 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Bignonia linearis Cav.
: Sweet Publication
: Hort. Brit
. [Sweet] 283 1826
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Chilopsis
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 7 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. linearis (Desert Catalpa) · C. linearis linearis (Desert Willow) · C. linearis subsp. arcuata (Hairy Clematis) · C. linearis 'Burgundy' (Burgundy Desert Willow) · C. linearis 'Monhews' (Timeless Beauty" Desert Willow) · C. linearis 'Purple Splendor' (Desert Catalpa) · C. linearis 'Timeless Beauty' (Desert Catalpa)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 19, 2007:
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- School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
- School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, The Deaver Herbarium, Northern Arizona University
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Utah State University, USU-UTC Specimen Database
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- , Utah Valley State College Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2656434
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-34318
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13747750
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:109201-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 10201
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 34318
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 109201-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDBIG07010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: CHLI2
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 30440
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- Mean = 1,049.050 meters (3,441.765 feet), Standard Deviation = 572.480 based on 301 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]