Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Afrikaans:
Common Names in English:
Hediondillo, Huele De Noche, Orange Cestrum, Orange Jessamine, Yellow Cestrum, Yellow Shrub Jessamine
Common Names in Portuguese:
, small trees
, or climbers
. Stems sometimes prickly, rarely thorny; hairs
, branched, or stellate
, sometimes glandular
. Leaves alternate, solitary or paired
, simple or pinnately compound
, without stipules; leaf blade
, or divided
. Inflorescences terminal
, overtopped by continuing axes, appearing axillary
, or leaf opposed, often apparently umbellate
, racemose, paniculate
, clustered, or solitary flowers, rarely true cymes, sometimes bracteate
. Flowers mostly bisexual
, usually regular, 5-merous, rarely 4- or 6-9-merous. Calyx mostly lobed. Petals united
. Stamens as many as corolla lobes
and alternate with them, inserted
within corolla, all alike or 1 or more reduced; anthers
dehiscing longitudinally or by apical pores
. Ovary 2-5-locular; placentation mostly axile
; ovules usually numerous
. Style 1. Fruiting calyx often becoming enlarged, mostly persistent
. Fruit a berry or capsule. Seeds with copious
endosperm; embryo mostly curved
About 95 genera with 2300 species: best represented in western tropical America, widespread in temperate and tropical regions ; 20 genera (ten introduced ) and 101 species in China.
Some species of Solanaceae are known in China only by plants cultivated in ornamental or specialty gardens: Atropa belladonna Linnaeus, Cyphomandra betacea (Cavanilles) Sendtner, Brugmansia suaveolens (Willdenow) Berchtold & Presl, Nicotiana alata Link & Otto, and Solanum jasminoides Paxton.
or branched hairs
. Leaves solitary, simple, petiolate
, entire. Inflorescences terminal
, racemose or paniculate
, sometimes clustered in leaf axils
, often bracteate
. Flowers 5-merous. Calyx campanulate
. Corolla long tubular; tube
sometimes expanded or contracted
, sometimes pubescent abaxially; limb lobed
, usually spreading
. Stamens inserted
at various levels in corolla tube; filaments
sometimes pubescent or appendaged at or below point
; anthers dehiscing longitudinally; disc mostly evident. Ovary 2-locular; ovules few to several, rarely to 20. Style slender; stigma entire or 2-lobed, rarely exserted. Fruit a berry, mostly white or blackish, globose
, or oblong
, often juicy. Seeds 1 or several, oblong; embryo straight or slightly curved
; cotyledons ovate
, oblong and much wider than radicle, or cylindric
About 175 species: North America, South America; three cultivated for ornament in China.
Species Cestrum aurantiacum
Shrubs , pubescent on young growth, glabrescent . Petiole 1-1.4 cm; leaf blade ovate or elliptic , 4-7 × 2-4 cm. Inflorescences erect , terminal or axillary racemose panicles; bracts deciduous, leaflike, to 7 mm. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx campanulate , ca. 6 mm, sometimes with 5 prominent longitudinal ribs ; teeth ca. 1 mm, often somewhat unequal. Corolla golden yellow, 1.4-2 cm, gradually expanded upwards, glabrous , lobes 3-4 mm. Filaments denticulate , pubescent at point of insertion . Berry white, ovoid , 7-11 mm; persistent calyx often splitting . Seeds ca. 4. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: June, July, August, September. • Flower Color: Orange • Flower Conspicuous: Exotic flower clusters
Growth Rate: Moderate Growing • Size: Moderate growing to 10 ft . tall, 4 ft. wide.
Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,859 meters (0 to 6,099 feet).
Culture: Space 6-8' apart.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full to partial sun
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High • Water Requirements: Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1992
- Order: Solanales () - Dumortier, 1829
- Superorder: Solananae () - R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Cestrum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 20 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. alternifolium (Alternateleaf Jessamine) · C. aurantiacum (Hediondillo) · C. diurnum (China Berry) · C. diurnum var. diurnum (Day Flowering Jassamine) · C. diurnum var. portoricense (Puerto Rico Jessamine) · C. elegans (Butterfly Flower) · C. elegans var. smithii (Pink Cestrum) · C. elegans 'Smithii' (Pink Cestrum) · C. elegans 'Variegata' (Variegated Cestrum) · C. fasciculatum (Early Flowering Jessamine) · C. fasciculatum 'Newellii' (Early Flowering Jessamine) · C. laurifolium (Galen Del Monte) · C. nocturnum (Lady of the Night) · C. parqui (Chilean Flowering Jassamine) · C. psittacinum (Cestrum) · C. salicifolium (Pussywillow Jessamine) · C. x cultum (Purple Cestrum) · C. x cultum 'Cretan Purple' (Purple Cestrum) · C. 'Compact Purple' (Cestrum) · C. 'Orange Peel' (Night Blooming Jasmine)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 21, 2007:
- Berkeley Natural History Museums, University and Jepson Herbaria DiGIR provider
- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad
- , Biodiversidad de Costa Rica
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, NSW herbarium collection
- UNIBIO, IBUNAM, MEXU/Plantas Vasculares
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2666057
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-501372
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13758514
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:814911-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 9991
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 501372
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 61276-3
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDSOL070T0
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: CEAU2
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 26195
- Zhi-Yun Zhang, Anmin Lu & William G. D'Arcy "Solanaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 300. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Cestrum". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 330. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 914.490 meters (3,000.295 feet), Standard Deviation = 564.070 based on 506 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]