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Celosia argentea

(Cockscomb)

Overview

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Bright, crested flowers on compact plants .

Richly colored , crested flowers on dwarf plants.

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Sheiba

Common Names in Azerbaijani:

Gümüşü seloziya

Common Names in Bulgarian:

Петльов гребен

Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:

Vellutet

Common Names in Chinese:

Qing Xiang, 青葙

Common Names in English:

Cockscomb, Feather Cockscomb, Feathered Amaranth, Quail Grass, Red Fox, Red-Spinach, Silver Cock's Comb, Silver Cocks Comb, Silver Cockscomb, Woolflower

Common Names in German:

Silber Brandschopf, Silber-Brandschopf

Common Names in Hausa:

Farar áláyyafóo

Common Names in Hungarian:

Magyarparéj

Common Names in Japanese:

ケイトウ

Common Names in Malay:

Bunga balung ayam

Common Names in Polish:

Celozja srebrzysta

Common Names in Sinhala, Sinhalese:

කිරිහැන්ද

Common Names in Spanish:

Borlón

Common Names in Swedish:

Plymört

Common Names in Telugu:

కోడిజుట్టు పూలు

Common Names in Tonga (Tonga Islands):

Kelosia

Description

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Family Amaranthaceae

Herbs, clambering subshrubs , shrubs , or lianas. Leaves alternate or opposite, entire, exstipulate . Flowers small, bisexual or unisexual , or sterile and reduced, subtended by 1 membranous bract and 2 bracteoles, solitary or aggregated in cymes. Inflorescences elongated or condensed spikes (heads ), racemes , or thyrsoid structures of varying complexity. Bracteoles membranous or scarious . Tepals 3-5, membranous, scarious or subleathery, 1-, 3-, 5-, or 7(-23) -veined. Stamens as many as tepals and opposite these, rarely fewer than tepals; filaments free , united into a cup at base or ± entirely into a tube , filament lobes present or absent, pseudostaminodes present or absent; anthers (1- or) 2-loculed, dorsifixed , introrsely dehiscent . Ovary superior, 1-loculed; ovules 1 to many; style persistent , short and indistinct or long and slender; stigma capitate, penicillate , 2-lobed or forming 2 filiform branches. Fruit a dry utricle or a fleshy capsule, indehiscent, irregularly bursting, or circumscissile. Seeds lenticular , reniform , subglobose, or shortly cylindric , smooth or verruculose .

About 70 genera and 900 species: worldwide; 15 genera (one introduced ) and 44 species (three endemic, 14 introduced) in China.

Morphology of the androecium, perianth (tepals), and the inflorescence has traditionally been used to circumscribe genera and tribes . Pseudostaminodia are interstaminal appendages with variously shaped apices. Filament appendages are the lateral appendages of filaments (one on each side) . The basic structure of the inflorescence is the cyme (branchlets arising from the bracteole axils, the bracteoles serving as bracts for upper flowers), which can be reduced to one flower with two bracteoles and a bract. Units of dispersal vary considerably (capsules opening with lower part persistent, flower and bracteoles falling together, or cymose partial inflorescences breaking off above bract) and can be characteristic for genera. Several genera possess long trichomes serving dispersal at the base of the tepals.[1]

Genus Celosia

Herbs or subshrubs , annual or perennial . Stems erect or clambering-straggling. Leaves alternate, petiolate ; blade mostly lanceolate, ovate , or deltate. Inflorescences terminal and often axillary spikes or panicles, often fasciated in cultivated forms, many-flowered. Flowers bisexual ; tepals 3-5, distinct , membranous or scarious , usually glabrous ; filaments connate basally into cups ; anthers 4-locular; pseudostaminodes absent; ovules 3-many; style persistent , 0.2-4 mm; stigmas 2-3, capitate or subulate . Utricles ovoid , membranaceous , dehiscence centrally circumscissile. Seeds (2-) 3-many, black, flattened. x = 9.

Species ca. 65: primarily tropical , subtropical Americas, Asia, and Africa.[2]

Physical Description

Species Celosia argentea

Herbs, annual . Stems erect , to 1 m , glabrous . Leaves: petiole 1-3 cm; blade unlobed, ovate , lanceolate, or nearly linear , 8-15 × 1-6 cm, base tapering, apex long-acuminate. Inflorescences dense cylindric or ovoid spikes, units 13-20 mm diam. Flowers: tepals silvery white or pinkish, 3-veined, 6-8 mm, scarious , translucent ; style elongate , 4 mm, indurate and exserted at maturity; stigmas 3. Utricles 4 mm. Seeds 3-8, 1.5 mm diam., smooth , shiny. 2n = 72. [source]

Celosia argentea is locally escaped from cultivation, and perhaps originally native to India. [source]

Habit: Forb/herb

Flowers: Bloom Period: May, June, July.

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 4-6' tall.

Habitat

Waste places, weedy areas; 0-1400 m [3].

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: Annual

Growth

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Celosia margaritacea L.

Notes

Publishing author : L. Publication : Species Plantarum 1753 (1 May 1753)

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Celosia

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 58 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

C. argentea (Cockscomb) · C. argentea f. cristata (Feather Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. argentea (Silver Cock's Comb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Amigo Mahogany Red' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Amigo Neon Rose' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Amigo Yellow' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Big Chief Mix' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Dark Red' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Fiora' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Fire' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Mix' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Orange' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Pink' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Purple' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Salmon' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Wine-Red' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Bombay Yellow Gold' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Burgundy Supercrest' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Chief Fire' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Chief Gold' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Chief Persimmon' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Chief Red' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Cramer's Burgundy' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Cramer's Lemon Lime' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Cramer's Rose' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Fireglow' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Jewelbox Mix' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. cristata 'Kurume New Scarlet' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Apricot Brandy' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Castle Orange' (Castle Orange Celosia) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Castle Pink' (Castle Pink Celosia) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Castle Scarlet' (Castle Scarlet Celosia) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Century Mixed' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Fresh Look Red' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Fresh Look Yellow' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Geisha Mixture' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Golden Yellow' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Kimono' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'New Look' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Pampas Plume' (Cockscomb) · C. argentea var. plumosa 'Yellow' (Yellow Celosia) · C. argentea var. spicata (Wheatstraw Celosia) · C. argentea var. spicata 'Cramer's Amazon' (Wheatstraw Celosia) · C. argentea var. spicata 'Flamingo Feather' (Wheatstraw Celosia) · C. argentea 'Century' (Cockscomb) · C. cristata (Cockscomb) · C. cristata 'Amigo Magenta' (Crested Cock's Comb) · C. cristata 'Cristata' (Cockscomb) · C. cristata 'New Look' (Feather Amaranth) · C. nitida (West Indian Cock's Comb) · C. palmeri (Palmer's Cock's Comb) · C. plumosa (Fresh Look Orange Celosia) · C. plumosa 'Century Mix' (Century Mix Celosia) · C. plumosa 'Kimono Yellow' (Celosia) · C. spicata 'Pink Plume' (Celosia) · C. trigyna (Woolflower) · C. virgata (Albahaca)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Bojian Bao, Thomas Borsch & Steven E. Clemants "Amaranthaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 415. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Kenneth R. Robertson "Celosia". in Flora of North America Vol. 4 Page 406, 407. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  3. "Celosia argentea". in Flora of North America Vol. 4 Page 407, 408, 409. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-12-01