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Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Distaff Thistle, Saffron Thistle, Saffron Thistle Carthamus Lanatus, Smooth Distaff Thistle, Woolly Distaff Thistle, Woolly Distaff-Thistle, Woolly Safflower, Woolly Star Thistle
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Portuguese (Brazil):
Cardo-Da-Cruz, Cardo-Do-Diabo, Cardo-Lanudo
Common Names in Spanish:
Common Names in Swedish:
The largest family of flowering plants , the Compositae (Asteraceae), comprising about 1,100 genera and more than 20,000 species and characterized by many small flowers arranged in a head looking like a single flower and subtended by an involucre of bracts. A head may consist of both ray flowers and disk flowers, as in the sunflower, of disk flowers only, as in the burdock, or of ray flowers only, as in the dandelion.
or perennials, 30-180 cm. herbage
to ± glandular
and/or ± tomentose
. Stems usually erect
, branched distally or throughout, (leafy). Leaves basal and cauline or all cauline; basal and proximal
cauline winged-petiolate, distal cauline sessile, sometimes clasping
to pinnately lobed
, ± spiny
glabrous or ± glandlar and/or ± tomentose. Heads discoid
, borne singly or in few-headed cymiform arrays. Involucres ovoid
distally. Phyllaries many in 4-5 series. linear
(at least outer ± leaflike), bases
, apical appendages
more herbaceous, prominently veiny
, spiny-dentate or -lobed, spine. tipped. Receptacles convex
to conic, epaleate, bearing subulate
. Florets 15-60+. corollas yellow to red or ± purple, tubes
very slender, throats
gradually or abruptly expanded, ± cylindric
or short-campanulate, lobes
bases short-tailed, apical appendages oblong
; style branches: fused portions with slightly swollen basal nodes minutely hairy
, distally minutely papillate
portions very short. Cypselae oblong to obpyramidal
, ± 4-angled, apices with smooth
or dentate rims, faces usually ± roughened (outer) or smooth (inner), glabrous, attachment scar
; pappi 0 or (usually only inner cypselae) ± persistent
, of many, usually unequal, narrow scales overlapping in several series. x = 10, 12.
Species 14: introduced ; United States; Mediterranean region.
Species Carthamus lanatus
Plants 40-180 cm, herbag. ± densely glandular
cobwebby to ± woolly
. Stems rigidly erect
, openly branched
. Leaves basal and cauline; basal often
absent at anthesis
10-15 cm, margins
1-2-divided into linear
or lanceolate spine-tipped lobes
or recurved, lanceolate to ovate
, margins with narrow spine-tipped lobes, spinose-acuminate.
, body 25-35 mm, usually ± tomentose
Outer phyllaries ascending
or ± spreading, 35-50 mm,
usually not more than 1.5 times as long as inner, terminal
spreading to ascending, linear-lanceolate, spiny
spine-tipped. Corollas yellow, sometimes red- or black-veined,
25-35 mm, throats
gradually expanded; anthers
yellow; pollen yellow.
Cypselae brown, 4-6 mm, the outer roughened; pappus
2n = 44. [source]
Native to the Mediterranean region, Carthamus lanatus is a viciously spiny noxious weed , sometimes forming nearly impenetrable stands. In rangelands it is known to injure the eyes and mouths of livestock, and it tends to spread when more palatable plants are consumed. Because of the close relationship between the cultivated safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and its weedy relatives, biocontrol has not been an option for controlling weedy species such as C. lanatus. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November. • Flower Color: goldyellow-orange
Size: 12-18" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,953 meters (0 to 6,407 feet).
Culture: Space 18-24" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: Not Applicable (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Order: Asterales () - Lindley, 1833
- Superorder: Campanulanae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Comment: Data Providers: African Flowering Plants Database , SANBI, New Zealand Plant Name Database, Govaerts World Compositae Checklist A-G, IPNI, Flora of China Checklist, Tropicos, Euro+Med, Flora of Tasmania Online, Northern Territory Checklist, Australian Cap. GCC LSID: urn :lsid:compositae.org:names:924F60B7-0958-40E6-85BF-67C21DA56E1F
Last scrutiny: 13-Nov-09
Members of the genus Carthamus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 10 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. baeticus baeticus (Smooth Distaff Thistle) · C. lanatus (Distaff Thistle) · C. lanatus baeticus (Distaff Thistle) · C. lanatus lanatus (Woolly Distaff Thistle) · C. leucocaulos (Distaff Thistle) · C. oxyacantha (Jeweled Distaff Thistle) · C. oxyacanthus (Wild Safflower) · C. tinctorius (American Saffron) · C. tinctorius 'Grenade Mix' (American Saffron) · C. tinctorius 'Magestic Orange' (American Saffron)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 19, 2007:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Berkeley Natural History Museums, University and Jepson Herbaria DiGIR provider
- Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Herbarium Willing
- Bundesamt für Naturschutz / Zentralstelle für Phytodiversität Deutschland, Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- GBIF-Spain, BDBCV BioBlitz in Penyagolosa
- GBIF-Spain, Botánica, Universidad de León: LEB-Cormo
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Dpto de Botánica, Ecología y Fisiología Vegetal
- .Facultad de Ciencias.Universidad de Córdoba
- GBIF-Spain, Herbario Universidad de Málaga: MGC-Cormófitos
- GBIF-Spain, Hortus Botanicus Sollerensis Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Almería, HUAL
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, NSW herbarium collection
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- US National Plant Germplasm System, United States National Plant Germplasm System Collection
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn, inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2665996
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Ast-606
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:189503-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 9235
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 501303
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDAST1X020
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 166244
- David J. Keil "Carthamus". in Flora of North America Vol. 19, 20 and 21 Page 52, 67, 83, 178. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Carthamus lanatus". in Flora of North America Vol. 19, 20 and 21 Page 178, 179, 180. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 229.420 meters (752.690 feet), Standard Deviation = 246.470 based on 889 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]