Shrub or small palm-like tree from tropical America. The fruits are highly prized as a delicacy but various parts of the plant are also used medicinally, and the green fruits and leaves are used as a meat tenderizer.
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Australian languages:
Common Names in Burmese:
Common Names in Chinese:
Fan Mu Gua
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Papaya, Mamon, Paw Paw, Pawpaw, Tree Melon
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Common Names in German:
Melonenbaum, Papajabaum, Papajapflanze, Papaya, Papayabaum
Common Names in Hindi:
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Japanese:
Papaiya, Papaya, Popoo
Common Names in Khmer:
Doeum Lahong, Ihong
Common Names in Korean:
Pa Pa Ya
Common Names in Laotian:
Common Names in Malay:
Betek, Betik, Gedang (Indonesia), Kates (Indonesian), Ketalah, Papaya (Indonesia)
Common Names in Portuguese:
Mamão, Mamão, Mamao (Brazil), Papaia
Common Names in Russian:
Common Names in Spanish:
Fruta Bomba, Lechosa, Mamón, Mamón, Melón Zapote, Olcoctón, Papanajo, Papaya, Papaya Calentana, Papayero, Papayo
Common Names in Tagalog:
Kapaya, Lapaya, Papaya
Common Names in Tamil:
Common Names in Thai:
Loko, Ma Kuai Thet, Malako, Malakor, Sa Kui Se
Common Names in unspecified:
Common Names in Urdu:
Common Names in Vietnamese:
small, palmlike, or shrubs
, rarely vines
, often prickly, monoecious, dioecious, andromonoecious, gynomonoecious
, or polygamomonoecious. Stem stout, unbranched, rarely branched, with a terminal
of leaves, with flowing, latexlike exudate
. Leaves alternate, long petiolate
, usually estipulate, large; stipules when present, spiny
; leaf blade
palmate or palmatifid
, rarely entire or pinnatifid
. Inflorescences axillary
; male flowers aggregated in cymose
panicles; female flowers usually solitary or aggregated in corymbose
cymes, large. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes
basally. Corolla 5-lobed; tube
long in male flowers, short in female flowers. Stamens 5 or 10, 1- or 2-whorled, inserted
of corolla tube; filaments
, connate basally; anthers
, dehiscing via longitudinal
slits. Gynoecium in male flowers vestigial, or absent; in female flowers syncarpous
, synovarious to synstylovarious; ovary superior, 1- or 5-loculed, placentation when 1-loculed parietal
(placentas Â± deeply intruded) or laminar-dispersed, when 5-loculed axile
; ovules numerous
, bitegmic; styles 1 or 5, free to partly joined, apical; stigmas 5, papillate
, dry. Fruit large, fleshy
, indehiscent berry. Seeds numerous, surrounded by mucilage; endosperm oily; embryo well differentiated; cotyledons 2, broad, flat. n = 9.
Six genera and 34 species: Central and South America, one genus of two species (Cylicomorpha Urban) in tropical Africa, one genus (Carica) widely introduced and cultivated in tropical areas of the world, including China.
small, or shrubs
. Leaves subpeltate; leaf blade
, rarely entire. Flowers unisexual
. Male flowers: corolla lobes
or contorted; stamens 10, filaments
. Female flowers: corolla lobes linear-oblong; stamens absent; ovary estipitate, 1-loculed; ovules several to numerous
, placentation parietal
; stigmas 5, inflated
or linear. Fruit large, succulent. Seeds numerous, ovoid
or slightly compressed
; embryo compressed; cotyledons long elliptic
One species: of cultivated origin in Central America, unknown in the wild; widely introduced and cultivated in tropical areas of the world, including China.
Habit: Tree , Shrub
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. • Flower Color: near white, white
Size: 20-30' tall.
Culture: Space 8-10' apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 7.9 • Maximum pH: 8.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Papaya carica Gaertner • Papaya Papaya
Members of the genus Carica
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 16 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
C. candicans (Mito) · C. cauliflora (Mountain Pawpaw) · C. mexicana (Coahuayote) · C. monoica (Carica) · C. omnilingua (Col De Monte) · C. palandensis (Papaillo) · C. papaya (Papaya) · C. papaya var. Tropical Dwarf Papaya (Papaya) · C. papaya 'Formosa' (Papaya) · C. papaya'Tropical Dwarf Papaya' (Tropical Dwarf Papaya) · C. pentagona (Babaco) · C. pubescens (Mountain Papaya) · C. pulchra (Col De Monte) · C. quercifolia (Oak-Leaved Papaya) · C. × heilbornii (Hybrid Babaco) · C. x heilbornii (Babaco)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 14, 2007:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Botanical Research Institute of Texas, Andes to Amazon Biodiversity Program
- Comisión nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, Banco Nacional de Germoplasma Vegetal, México
- Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Virtual Herbarium Darwin Core format
- Herbarium of the University of Aarhus, The AAU Herbarium Database
- Herbier de la Guyane, Herbier de la Guyane
- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad
- , Biodiversidad de Costa Rica
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, Plants of Papua New Guinea
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 3873886
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-22324
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13741729
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:674295-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 9147
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 22324
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 159747-3
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDCRC01010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: PACA27
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 28491
- Yinzheng Wang & Nicholas J. Turland "Caricaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 150. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Carica". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 150. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]