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Capsicum annuum 'Zenith'

(Bell Pepper)

Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Bell Pepper

Description

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Family Solanaceae

Herbs, shrubs , small trees , or climbers . Stems sometimes prickly, rarely thorny; hairs simple , branched, or stellate , sometimes glandular . Leaves alternate, solitary or paired , simple or pinnately compound , without stipules; leaf blade entire, dentate , lobed , or divided . Inflorescences terminal , overtopped by continuing axes, appearing axillary , extra-axillary , or leaf opposed, often apparently umbellate , racemose, paniculate , clustered, or solitary flowers, rarely true cymes, sometimes bracteate . Flowers mostly bisexual , usually regular, 5-merous, rarely 4- or 6-9-merous. Calyx mostly lobed. Petals united . Stamens as many as corolla lobes and alternate with them, inserted within corolla, all alike or 1 or more reduced; anthers dehiscing longitudinally or by apical pores . Ovary 2-5-locular; placentation mostly axile ; ovules usually numerous . Style 1. Fruiting calyx often becoming enlarged, mostly persistent . Fruit a berry or capsule. Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo mostly curved .

About 95 genera with 2300 species: best represented in western tropical America, widespread in temperate and tropical regions ; 20 genera (ten introduced ) and 101 species in China.

Some species of Solanaceae are known in China only by plants cultivated in ornamental or specialty gardens: Atropa belladonna Linnaeus, Cyphomandra betacea (Cavanilles) Sendtner, Brugmansia suaveolens (Willdenow) Berchtold & Presl, Nicotiana alata Link & Otto, and Solanum jasminoides Paxton.[1]

Genus Capsicum

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs; pubescence of simple hairs . Stems branched. Leaves solitary or paired , petiolate ; leaf blade simple, entire or sinuate . Inflorescences solitary or few-flowered clusters at branch forks or leaf axils ; peduncle absent. Flowers nodding or erect , actinomorphic . Pedicel erect or nodding. Calyx broadly campanulate to cup-shaped, denticulate , sometimes slightly enlarged. Corolla white, blue, or violet, campanulate or rotate, divided halfway or more. Stamens inserted near distal end of corolla tube ; filaments slender; anthers yellow or purplish, ovoid , dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary 2- (or 3) - locular ; ovules numerous . Style slender; stigma small, capitate. Fruit a moist berry, sometimes large, erect, nodding, or reflexed . Seeds yellowish, discoid ; embryo coiled , subperipheral.

About 25 species: all in South America, two or three cultivated and naturalized worldwide; one species in China.[2]

Physical Description

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 24-36" tall.

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 18-24" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Taxonomy

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Similar Species

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Members of the genus Capsicum

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 2181 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

C. annum (Patio Pepper) · C. annum var. Black Pearl (Black Pearl Pepper) · C. annum var. Glabriusculum (Bird Pepper) · C. annuum (African Birdseye Chile Pepper) · C. annuum baccatum (Locoto) · C. annuum L. var. annuum (Cayenne Pepper) · C. annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser and Pickersgill (Beargrass) · C. annuum 'Ancho' (Ancho Ornamental Pepper) · C. annuum L. 'de Arbol' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Mexican Negro' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Yolo Wonder' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum var. annuum (Cayenne Pepper) · C. annuum var. annuum 'Blondy' (Pepper 'blondy') · C. annuum var. annuum'Holy Moly' (Holy Moly Chili Pepper) · C. annuum var. annuum 'Marconi Rosso' (Sweet Pepper 'marconi Rosso') · C. annuum var. annuum 'Orange Arianne' (Pepper 'orange Arianne') · C. annuum var. annuum 'Prairie Fire' (Prairie Fire Ornamental Pepper) · C. annuum var. annuum 'Purple Mavros' (Pepper 'purple Mavros') · C. annuum var. fasciculatum (Thai Pepper) · C. annuum var. glabriusculum (Cayenne Pepper) · C. annuum var. glabriusculum 'Besler's Cherry' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum var. glabriusculum 'Usda #439325' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum var. Masquerade (Masquerade Ornamental Pepper) · C. annuum '05C37-3' (Pepper '05c37-3') · C. annuum '06C84' (Pepper '06c84') · C. annuum '4 Star' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Abchazskij Ostruyi' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Abeytas' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Acapulco' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Acapulu' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ace' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Achari' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Achar' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aci Sivri' (Aci Sivri Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aconcagua' (Frying Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ac 635' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Adele' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Admiral' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Adriatico' (Sweet Pepper) · C. annuum 'Affinity' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Afghan' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'African Pequin' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Agco' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Agriset 4001' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Agriset 4002' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Agroncagua' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Agua Blanca' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aji Cereza' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aji Crystal' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aji Reno' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aji Rojo' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aji Rurrenabaque' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Aladdin' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Albatross' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Albino' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Albino Bullnose' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alborado' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alcalde' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alexandra' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alice Favorite' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alliance' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Almapaprika' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alma Paprika' (Hungarian Apple Pepper) · C. annuum 'Alpha' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Altamira' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Amando' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Amarillo Royale' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Amethyst' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Amigo' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Amish Pimiento' (Sweet Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ammazzo' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim' (New Mexico Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim College 64' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim Mild' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim Super' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim Tmr' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim Tmr 23' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Anaheim Tmr 24' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho 101' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho 211' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Arriero' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Gigantia' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Granada' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Improved' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho L' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Mexican Large' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Mulato' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Ranchero' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Real' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Red' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Rojo' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho San Luis' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho San Martin' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Super' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Sweet' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Ancho Villa' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Andor' (Bell Pepper) · C. annuum 'Andrea' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Andy' (Hot Pepper) · C. annuum 'Angel' (Bell Pepper)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Zhi-Yun Zhang, Anmin Lu & William G. D'Arcy "Solanaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 300. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Capsicum". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 313. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-09