, with clear [or milky
or yellow] latex. Apical buds rarely abortive
; buds lacking (or with) scales
. Leaves opposite, petiolate
[or rarely sessile], leathery, usually glabrous
; secondary veins many, almost perpendicular to midvein
, ± prominent
above; tertiary venation
canals present between veins. Inflorescence cymose
or thyrsiform, terminal
. Flowers bisexual
[or rarely unisexual
]. Sepals and petals together 4-12 (usually 4 + 4 in Chinese species), 2- or 3-whorled, not always differentiated, outer (sepals) decussate, inner (petals) imbricate. Stamens many, not obviously fascicled; filaments
or all free
, slender; anthers
; fasciclodes absent. Ovary 1-loculed, glabrous [tomentose
], with a single erect ovule; style elongate
, slender; stigma often peltate. Drupelike berry with thin exocarp
("skin"), thin fleshy
and thin endocarp sometimes adherent
to seed. Seed 1, large, with thin [or thick] testa ("stone") ; embryo with broad fleshy cotyledons.
About 187 species: tropical regions , mainly in Asia, but also in E Africa, tropical America, Madagascar, the Mascarenes, and Australasia; four species in China.
Biome: Terrestrial .
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Theanae () - Thorne Ex Reveal, 1993
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Publishing author : Wight Publication : Illustrations of Indian Botany 1 1839
Members of the genus Calophyllum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 4 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
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- 1997 IUCN red list of threatened plants Cambridge: IUCN, World Conservation Union, 1998 url p. 297.
- A hand-book to the flora of Ceylon: containing descriptions of all the species of flowering plants indigenous to the island, and notes on their history, distribution, and uses: with an atlas of plates illustrating some of the more inte by Henry Trimen. London: Dulau, 1893-1931. url p. 99.
- A manual of the Nílagiri district in the Madras Presidency. Compiled and edited by H. B. Grigg. Madras, Printed by E. Keys at the Government Press, 1880. url p. 100, p. 105.
- A manual of the timbers of the world: their characteristics and uses: to which is appended an account by S. Fitzgerald of the artificial seasoning of timber. London: Macmillan, 1920. url , .
- A text-book of botany and pharmacognosy, intended for the use of students of pharmacy, as a reference book for pharmacists, and as a handbook for food and drug analysts. London, Lippincott[c1907] url .
- Annals of applied biology. [Wellesbourne, Warwick, etc.]Association of Applied Biologists [etc.] url p. 261.
- Annals of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya. Colombo: Skien; 1901-1924. url p. 274, p. 275.
- Applied and economic botany for students in technical and agricultural schools, pharmaceutical and medical colleges, for chemists, food analysts and for the those engaged in the morphological and physiological study of plants. New York, Wiley url p. 620.
- Flora of the Presidency of Madras / by J.S. Gamble. London: West, Newman and Adlard, 1915- url p. 76.
- Indian trees: an account of trees, shrubs, woody climbers, bamboos, and palms indigenous or commonly cultivated in the British Indian empire / London: A. Constable, 1906. url p. 54.
- Journal and proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 14 1918 Calcutta, Asiatic Society of Bengal. url p. 384.
- Plant-geography upon a physiological basis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1903. url p. 330.
- Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. Sydney, Linnean Society of New South Wales. url p. 4.
- Second systematic census of Australian plants, with chronologic, literary and geographic annotations; by Baron Ferdinand von Mueller. Pt. I. --Vasculares. Melbourne: Printed for the Victorian Government by McCarron. Bird & Co., 1889. url p. 14.
- Select extra-tropical plants readily eligible for industrial culture or naturalisation with indications of their native countries and some of their uses / by Baron Ferd. von Mueller. Melbourne: R. S. Brain, govt. printer, 1895. url p. 92.
- Spolia zeylanica. S.l.: s.n. url .
- Sport on the Nilgiris and in Wynaad. London, Macmillan, 1911. url p. 12.
- The Philippine journal of science. 4 1909 Manila. url p. 504.
- The Queensland flora: Queensland, Printed by H. J. Diddams & co., 1899-1902. url , .
- The World List of Threatened Trees WCMC, IUCN url p. 99.
- The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council. London: L. Reeve, 1875-97. url p. 274.
- The flora of the presidency of Bombay / By Theodore Cooke. London: Taylor and Francis, 1903-08. url p. 80.
- The forest trees of Mysore and Coorg. Bangalore, Mysore Govt. Central Press, 1894. url , .
- The tropical agriculturist. Colombo, Ceylon: A.M. & J. Ferguson, 1882- url p. 552.
- The useful native plants of Australia, (including Tasmania) by J. H. Maiden. Sydney, Turner and Henderson, 1889. url p. 390.
- The work of the Forest Department in India. Ed. by R.S. Troup. .. Calcutta, Superintendent Government Printing, India, 1917. url p. 21.
- The work of the Forest department in India. Calcutta, Superintendent government printing, India, 1917. url .
- Transactions of the Scottish Arboricultural Society. Edinburgh: The Society, -1887. url p. 455.
- Transactions of the third International congress of tropical agriculture, held at the Imperial institute, London, S.W., June 23rd to 30th, 1914. London: J. Bale, Sons & Danielsson, 1915-17. url p. 333.
- Vernacular list of trees, shrubs, and woody climbers in the Madras Presidency. Madras, Printed by the Superintendant, Government Press, 1915. url p. 686, p. 826, p. 930.
- Wood; a manual of the natural history and industrial applications of the timbers of commerce. LondonE. Arnold1908 url p. 257.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
- The International Plant Names Index. Accessed Dec 27, 2011.
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Calophyllum tomentosum. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 31January2012.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 5890251
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:427322-1
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 427322-1
- IUCN ID: 197280
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 1019565
- Xi-wen Li, Jie Li & Peter Stevens "Calophyllum". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 1, 38. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Calophyllum tomentosum. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 January 2012. [back]