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Caesalpinia echinata

(Brazil Wood)


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Threat status

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Bulgarian:

Бразилско дърво

Common Names in Chinese:


Common Names in Danish:


Common Names in Dutch:


Common Names in English:

Brazil Wood, Brazilwood, Ibirapitanga, Pau Brasil, Pau-Brasil, Peachwood, Pernambuco Wood, Pernambuco-Wood

Common Names in Esperanto:

Brazil arbo

Common Names in Estonian:


Common Names in Finnish:


Common Names in French:

Pernambouc (arbre)

Common Names in Georgian:

ბრაზილიური ხე

Common Names in German:


Common Names in Hebrew (modern):

ברזיל (עץ)

Common Names in Japanese:


Common Names in Korean:

캐살피니아 에키나타

Common Names in Norwegian:


Common Names in Norwegian Nynorsk:


Common Names in Occitan:


Common Names in Polish:

Brezylka ciernista

Common Names in Portuguese:

Brasileto, Ibirapitanga, Orabutã, Pau-Brasil, Pau-De-Pernambuco, Pau-Pernambuco, Pau-Rosado

Common Names in Russian:

Цезальпиния ежовая

Common Names in Swedish:



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Subfamily Caesalpinioideae

Mostly trees or shrubs . Leaves mostly pinnate, sometimes bipinnate, rarely apparently simple . Corolla usually showy, zygomorphic, the petals imbricate, posterior (upper or banner ) petal innermost in bud. Stamens 10 or fewer, distinct , usually not showy, some commonly reduced to staminodes. Pollen released in monads . Seeds with u-shaped line (pleurogram) usually lacking. [Carr]

Genus Caesalpinia

Trees , shrubs and woody climbers . Leaves large, bipinnate. Flowers yellow or red, often showy. Racemes paniculate , in the upper leaf axils or terminal . Calyx teeth 5, imbricate in the bud, the lowest outside. Petals orbicular , clawed, imbricate. Stamens 10, free . Ovary sessile, usually few ovuled. Pod various, sometimes covered with spines.

About 280 species, distributed in tropics and sub-tropics.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: TreeClimbing: Not Climbing

Flowers: Bloom Period: June, July, August, September. • Flower Color: red, yellow


Size: 15-20' tall.


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Duration: Perennial


Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)


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Guilandina echinata (Lam.)sprengel


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Comment: Climbing : Not climbing, Habit: Tree , Lifespan: Perennial

Last scrutiny: 1994-1995

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Caesalpinia

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 70 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

C. acapulcensis (Cuasillo) · C. angulata (Yerba Buena) · C. argentina (Camiri) · C. bonduc (Anoso) · C. bracteosa (Catingueira) · C. cacalaco (Cascalote) · C. caladenia (Margarita) · C. calycina (Pau De Galinha) · C. caudata (Tailed Caesalpinia) · C. ciliata (Canique) · C. coluteifolia (Parolillo) · C. coriaria (Cascalote) · C. crista (Gray Nicker) · C. culebrae (Smooth Yellow Nicker) · C. decapetala (Bois Sappan) · C. drepanocarpa (Sickle-Pod Holdback) · C. echinata (Brazil Wood) · C. eriostachys (Casa Iguana) · C. exostemma (Abejon) · C. exostemma exostemma (Flor Mare€a) · C. ferrea (Brazilian Ironwood) · C. ferrea var. ferrea (Brazilian Ironwood) · C. gardneriana (Catinga De Porco) · C. gaumeri (Palo Jabali) · C. gillesii (Bird of Paradise Bush) · C. gilliesii (Barba De Chivo) · C. glauca (Shoestring Weed) · C. glaucophylla (Guacalote Amarillo) · C. globulorum (Yellow Nicker) · C. granadillo (Bridal Veil) · C. hintonii (Juancanchire) · C. hughesii (Quebrache) · C. jayabo (Guacolote Amarillo) · C. kavaiensis (Uhiuhi) · C. laxiflora (Catinga De Porco) · C. lutea (Barbados Flower-Fence) · C. major (Brown Nickerbean) · C. mexicana (Dwarf Poinciana) · C. microphylla (Catinga De Porco) · C. mimosifolia (Pishcalilla) · C. monensis (Black Nicker) · C. nelsonii (Yuca-Perichenche Gitanilla) · C. nicaraguensis (Malincha) · C. nipensis (Cayo Chiquito) · C. palmeri (Margarita) · C. pannosa (Palo Estaca) · C. paraguariensis (Guayac) · C. pauciflora (Few-Flower Caesalpinia) · C. phyllanthoides (Creeping Bird of Paradise) · C. pinnata (Clavellina De Costa) · C. pluviosa var. cabraliana (Mucitaiba) · C. pluviosa var. intermedia (Caatingueira De Folha Mi) · C. pluviosa var. paraensis (Mucutaibo-Preto) · C. pluviosa var. peltophoroides (Sibipiruna) · C. pluviosa var. pluviosa (Sicupira) · C. pluviosa var. sanfranciscana (Catingueira) · C. portoricensis (Brown Nicker) · C. pulcherrima (Aigrette) · C. pulcherrima 'Red Velvet' (Dwarf Poinciana) · C. punctata (Brazil Wood) · C. pyramidalis var. diversifolia (Campeche) · C. pyramidalis var. pyramidalis (Caatingueira Alta) · C. sappan (Bois Sappan) · C. spinosa (Brasilete De Vuelta Arriba) · C. standleyi (Viche) · C. trichocarpa (Arquita) · C. violacea (Brasiletto) · C. yucatanensis (Cara Mayo) · C. yucatanensis yucatanensis (Cara Mayo) · C. yucatanensis subsp. hondurensis (Berberillo)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 04, 2007:



  1. "Caesalpinia". in Flora of Pakistan . Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06