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Buxus sempervirens 'Variegata'

(American Boxwood)

Overview

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Common Names

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Common Names in English:

American Boxwood, Variegated Boxwood, Variegated English Boxwood

Description

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Genus Buxus

Profusely branched shrubs or dwarf trees . Leaves opposite, sessile or subsessile , entire, glabrous or hairy . Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, of dense racemose clusters , often with a terminal female flower surrounded by several male flowers. Flowers greenish-yellow, unisexual (plants monoecious), sessile to shortly pedicellate . Sepals 4-6, unequal. Stamens 4, free , inserted on receptacle around vestigial ovary, anthers oblong with thick connective , dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary tricarpellary, syncarpous , 3-loculed, each locule 2-ovuled; styles 3, rarely basally connate , spreading , short, stigma 2-lobed. Capsule coriaceous , ovoid , 3-beaked with persistent styles, dehiscing into 3, 2-seeded and 2-horned valves . Seed caruncled, somewhat triangular or oblong, glossy-black; embryo with oblong cotyledons.

About 70 species; distributed in Eurasia , Middle East, Tropical and South Africa, Madagascar, Indo-Pakistan subcontinent to East Asia, Philippines and Sunda Isles; West Indies and North and Central America.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Bushy

Flowers: Bloom Period: March. • Flower Color: White • Flower Conspicuous: Inconspicuous white flowers

Size/Age/Growth

Growth Rate: Moderate. • Size: Slow growing to 5 to 8 ft . tall and wide.

Landscaping

Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring . For a tidy, neat appearance , shear annually to shape .

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 24-36" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full to partial sun

Moisture: Water Requirements: Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry.

Temperature: Heat Zones: High: 9 (>120 to 150 days) Low:1 (< 1 days) (map) • Cold Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)

Taxonomy

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Similar Species

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Members of the genus Buxus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 63 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

B. balearica (Balearic Boxwood) · B. harlandii (Harland Boxwood) · B. laevigata (Smooth Box) · B. microphylla (Boxwood) · B. microphylla japonica 'Green Beauty' (Green Beauty Boxwood) · B. microphylla koreana'Winter Green' (Wintergreen Korean Boxwood) · B. microphylla var. Compacta (Littleleaf Boxwood) · B. microphylla var. japonica (Japanese Boxwood) · B. microphylla var. japonica 'Green Beauty' (Littleleaf Boxwood) · B. microphylla var. japonica 'Morris Dwarf' (Morris Dwarf Littleleaf Box) · B. microphylla var. japonica 'Morris Midget' (Littleleaf Boxwood) · B. microphylla var. japonica 'Variegata' (Variegated Japanese Boxwood) · B. microphylla var. sinica (Chinese Boxwood) · B. microphylla 'Faulkner' (Faulkner Boxwood) · B. microphylla 'Green Gem' (Green Gem Boxwood) · B. microphylla 'Green Mountain' (Japanese Boxwood) · B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' (Green Pillow Boxwood) · B. microphylla 'Hohmnan's Dwarf' (Hohmnan's Dwarf Littleleaf Box) · B. microphylla 'John Baldwin' (Littleleaf Boxwood) · B. microphylla'Kingsville Dwarf' (Kingsville Dwarf Littleleaf Boxwood) · B. microphylla 'Winter Gem' (Winter Gem Boxwood) · B. microphyllus 'Winter Gem' (Japanese Boxwood) · B. portoricensis (Puerto Rico Box) · B. sempervirens (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens hyrcana (Caucasian Boxwood) · B. sempervirens pyramidalis var. Pyramidalis (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens var. Heinrich Bruns (Caucasian Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Angustifolia' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Aurea-Pendula' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Conrowe' (Box 'conrowe') · B. sempervirens 'Dee Runk' (Dee Runk American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Elegantissima' (Common Box) · B. sempervirens 'Fastigiata' (Columnar American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Gold Tip' (Gold Tip American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Graham Blandy' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Herman von Schrenk' (Common Box) · B. sempervirens 'Jensen' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Latifolia Maculata' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Monrue' (Green Tower® Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Newport Blue' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Rochester' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Vardar Valley' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Variegata' (American Boxwood) · B. sempervirens 'Waterfall' (American Boxwood) · B. sinica var. insularis (Korean Boxwood) · B. sinica var. insularis 'Justin Brouwers' (Justin Brouwers Korean Boxwood) · B. sinica var. insularis'Nana' (Insularis Boxwood) · B. sinica var. insularis 'Tide Hill' (Korean Boxwood) · B. sinica var. insularis 'Wintergreen' (Boxwood) · B. vahlii (Vahl's Boxwood) · B. wallichiana (Himalayan Boxwood) · B. x 'Glencoe (Chicagoland Green " Boxwood) · B. x 'Green Gem (Green Gem Boxwood) · B. x 'Green Ice' (Green Ice Boxwood) · B. x 'Green Mound' (Green Mound Boxwood) · B. x 'Green Mountain' (Green Mountain Boxwood) · B.'Bike Loft' (Bike Loft Boxwood) · B. 'Chicagoland Green' (Boxwood) · B. 'Green Gem' (Green Gem Boxwood) · B. 'Green Mountain' (Green Mountain Boxwood) · B. 'Green Velvet' (Boxwood) · B. 'Richard Weir III' (Richard Weir Boxwood)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. "Buxus". in Flora of Pakistan Page 4.. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-04-16