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Common Names in English:
Slender False Brome, Slender False Bromegrass, Slender False-Brome
Common Names in French:
Brachypode Des Bois
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Spanish:
Lastón De Los Bosques
Species Brachypodium sylvaticum
, slender, (20-) 40-90 cm tall,
3-7-noded. Leaf sheaths
sparsely to densely pilose
, or sometimes
; leaf blades linear
, usually flat, mid or dark green, 8-35
cm, 3-9 mm wide, glabrous to pilose on one or both surfaces, or hispid
along veins; ligule 0.5-2 mm.
8-12 cm, suberect or nodding
3-9; pedicels less than 2 mm. Spikelets 1.5-3 cm, subterete,
lanceolate, glabrous, pubescent
on veins, apex acuminate or midvein
extended into awn-point, lower
glume 3-10 mm, 3-7-veined, upper glume 5-14 mm, 5-9-veined; lemmas
7-14 mm, pilose or hispid on margins
and upper back, sometimes sparsely,
or glabrous throughout; awn
5-14 mm. Anthers
2.5-5 mm. Fl.
This species is the most widespread in the genus and is extremely polymorphic throughout its range . This has resulted in the description of many infraspecific variants . These are usually based on differences in pubescence of the vegetative parts and spikelets, but these characters are extremely plastic. The relative size of the spikelet parts is also variable and of doubtful taxonomic significance. [source]
The name Brachypodium sylvaticum var. kelungense is based on specimens from Taiwan with mucronate glumes, but these are found throughout the range of the species. Spikelets with acute and mucronate glumes may even occur in the same raceme. The name B. sylvaticum var. gracile has been applied to small forms in China, but it is based on a type from Germany, and such specimens are probably only depauperate . Thus, while phenotypic variants may appear very different, the characters on which they are based occur in all combinations throughout the range of the species, making the recognition of infraspecific taxa very uncertain. No detailed comparison has ever been made between the European and E Asian populations. [source]
In tropical SE Asia Brachypodium sylvaticum occurs only on mountains. [source]
Mountain slopes , understory of forests .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,618 meters (0 to 11,870 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Juncanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Commelinidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Agropyron sylvaticum (Hudson) Chevallier • B. hayatanum Honda • B. kelungense Honda • B. manshuricum Kitagawa • B. sylvaticum luzoniense Hackel • B. sylvaticum var. breviglume Keng Ex P. C. Keng • B. sylvaticum var. gracile (Weigel) Keng • B. sylvaticum var. kelungense (Honda) C. C. Hsu • B. sylvaticum var. luzoniense (Hackel) H. Hara • B. sylvaticus (Hudson) Lyons • Brachypodium formosanum Hayata • Brevipodium sylvaticum (Hudson) A. Lö • Bromus gracilis Weigel • Festuca sylvatica Huds. • Festuca sylvatica Hudson • Triticum sylvaticum (Hudson) Moench.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Brachypodium
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 9 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
B. caninum (Bearded Wheatgrass) · B. corniculatum (Heath False Brome) · B. distachyon (Purple False Brome) · B. distachyon 'Ibros' (False Brome Grass 'ibros') · B. distachyon 'Zulema' (False Brome Grass 'zulema') · B. phoenicoides (Thinleaf False Brome) · B. pinnatum (Heath False Brome) · B. sylvaticum (Slender False Brome) · B. unilaterale (Mat-Grass Fescue)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 15, 2007:
- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Botany registration database by Danish botanists
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Botany
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Environment and Heritage Service - EHS Species Datasets
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Scottish Borders Biological Records Centre - SWT Scottish Borders Local Wildlife Site Survey data 1996-2000 - species information
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2661382
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-41331
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2490700
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:67824-3
- GRIN Nomen Number: 7606
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 41331
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PMPOA13030
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: BRSY
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 25720
- "Brachypodium sylvaticum". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 368, 369. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 202.710 meters (665.059 feet), Standard Deviation = 313.890 based on 8,903 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]