Although this vine is edible raw, it is usually cooked. Reportedly high in vitimins A and C.
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Arabic:
Common Names in Bengali, Bangla:
Common Names in Burmese:
Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:
Espinac de Ceilan
Common Names in Chinese:
Chan Cai (Cantonese Saan Choi, Lü Luo Kui, Luo Kui, Luo Kui (Lor Kwai), Mu Er Cai, Qing Chan Cai (Cantonese Tsing Shan Tsoi), Shan Ts´oi), 落葵
Common Names in Danish:
Indisk Spinat, Malabarspinat
Common Names in Dutch:
Ceylonspinazie, Malabar Spinazie, Oostindische Spinazie
Common Names in English:
Ceylon Spinach, Ceylon-Spinach, Climbing Spinach, Creeping Spinach, East-Indian Spinach, Indian Saag, Indian Spinach, Indian-Spinach, Malabar Nightshade, Malabar Spinach, Malabar-Nightshade, Malabar-Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Slippery Vegetable, Surinam Spinach, Vine Spinach, Vine-Spinach
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
épinard De Malabar, Baselle, Baselle Blanche, Brède D´angola, Epinard De Malabar
Common Names in German:
Indischer Spinat, Malabarspinat, Weisse Beerblume
Common Names in Hindi:
Lalbachlu, Poi, Saag, पोई, लालबाचलू
Common Names in Italian:
Bassella Bianca, Spinacio Della Cina
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Korean:
Common Names in Malay:
Gendola (Indonesia), Remayong
Common Names in Malayalam:
Common Names in Marathi (Marāṭhī):
Common Names in Nepalese:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Bacela, Bertalha, Bretalha
Common Names in Russian:
Malabarskij Spinat, Базелла белая, Малабарский спинат
Common Names in Sanskrit (Saṁskṛta):
Common Names in Spanish:
Alcaparra, Espinaca Basela, Espinaca Blanca, Espinaca Blanca De Malabar, Espinaca China, Espinaca De Ceilan, Espinaca De La China, Espinaca De Malabar
Common Names in Swedish:
Common Names in Tagalog:
Common Names in Telugu:
Baccali, batstsali, బచ్చలి
Common Names in Thai:
Phak Plang (Phak Ptlang)
Common Names in Turkish:
Common Names in Vietnamese:
herbaceous or herbs twining
, usually fleshy
. Leaves simple
, alternate, usually petiolate
entire. Inflorescences of spikes, racemes
, or panicles; bracts 3, caducous
; bracteoles 2, persistent
. Flowers bisexual
, small. Perianth segments 5, white or reddish, distinct
, imbricate in bud, persistent in fruit. Stamens 5, opposite to petals; filaments
on perianth. Ovary superior, 1-loculed; ovule 1, basal, campylotropous. Pistil united
from 3 carpels. Style simple with 3 stigmas or 3 free
styles. Fruit a utricle, dry or fleshy, often surrounded by persistent bracteoles and perianth. Seed globular
; testa membranous; endosperm copious
; embryo spirally twisted or semicircular to horseshoe-shaped.
Four genera and 25 species: tropics and subtropics, mostly in the Americas; two genera (introduced ) and three species in China.
or biannual. Spikes axillary
; rachis long, thick. Bracts minute. Bracteoles and urceolate
, opening very little in anthesis
and enclosing the fruit after flowering. Flowers sessile; perianth segments short, fleshy, blunt
on back, hardly opening at anthesis, not wing-shaped in fruit. Stamens included
near apex of perianth tube, very short, erect
in bud; anthers
, or versatile. Styles 3; stigmas linear
. Utricle globose
, fleshy. Embryo spiral
; cotyledons large, thin.
Five species: one species endemic to tropical Africa, three endemic to Madagascar, one pantropical ; one species (probably introduced ) in China.
Species Basella alba
Herbs annual . Stems green or red, to 10 m , fleshy , glabrous . Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate or rotund , 3-9 × 2-8 cm, base shallowly cordate or rotund, margin entire, apex acuminate. Spikes 3-15(-20) cm. Bracteoles oblong . Perianth red-dish or purplish, ovate-oblong, 3-4 mm, base pale, margin entire, apex blunt . Filaments white; anthers yellowish. Utricle red to dark red or black, 5-6 mm in diam., containing violet juice. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Jul-Oct. [source]
Habit: Vine , Forb/herb
Flowers: Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: purple
Size: 8-10' tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,002 meters (0 to 13,130 feet).
Culture: Space 9-12" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 6.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Chatton, 1925
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Novák ex Takht. (1967)
- Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl, 1820
- Suborder: Portulacineae () - Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
- Order: Caryophyllales () - Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl, 1820
- Superorder: Caryophyllanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Magnoliidae () - Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967 - Angiosperms
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Novák ex Takht. (1967)
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Basella rubra Linnaeus.
: L. Publication
Pl. 1: 272 1753 [1 May 1753]
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Basella
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Comisión nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, Herbario del Instituto de Ecología, A.C., México
- Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Virtual Herbarium Darwin Core format
- Herbarium of the University of Aarhus, The AAU Herbarium Database
- Herbier de la Guyane, Herbier de la Guyane
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility, Magnoliophyta
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2664323
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-192210
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13731653
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:164286-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 6531
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 192210
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 164286-1
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDBAS02010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: BARU
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 24915
- Yilin Chen, Shinobu Akiyama & Hideaki Ohba "Basellaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 445. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Basella". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 445. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Basella alba". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 445. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 891.450 meters (2,924.705 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,219.080 based on 105 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]