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Bambusa vulgaris

(Buddhas Belly Bamboo)

Overview

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A Pantropical bamboo , of unknown origin . It can grow 4cm a day, to 20 m. One cutting yields 10 new stems and 50 shoots in 3 years. It is widely used for construction and water pipes, musical instruments and weapons, baskets and bird-scarers; shoots are edible and can be eaten fresh, cooked, dried or pickled, and are rich in Vitamin A. A useful plant for erosion control and construction. Leaves are used to relieve fevers and in Grenada are given to dogs and donkeys to increase ferocity and sex drive; in the a similar tea is said to have the same effect bu to reduce blood sugar (Politi, 1996).

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Khayzûrân

Common Names in Bengali:

Baansh, Bakal, Basini Bans

Common Names in Chinese:

Long Tou Zhu, Long Tou Zhu (Hong Kong), Tai Shan Zhu (Hong Kong), Tai Shan Zhu (Taiwan), Yin Zhu, Yin Zhu (Hong Kong)

Common Names in English:

Buddhas Belly Bamboo, Bambusa vulgarisGolden Bamboo, Common Bamboo, Dragon-Head Bamboo, Feathery Bamboo, Golden Bamboo, Green-Culmed Bamboo, Surinam Bamboo, Surinam Dwarf Bamboo, Unarmed Bamboo

Common Names in Finnish:

Paperibambu

Common Names in French:

Bambou Commun, Bambou Ordinaire, Grand Bambou

Common Names in German:

Gemeiner Bambus

Common Names in Japanese:

Dai-San-Chiku, Daisan-Chiku

Common Names in Malay:

Aur Beting, Bambu Ampel (Indonesia), Buloh Aao Beting, Buloh Aur, Buloh Minyak, Buloh Minyak Aao, Buloh Pau, Buluh gading

Common Names in Marathi:

Kalaka

Common Names in Nepalese:

Bansii Baans (Bansi Bans), Taamaa Baans (Tama Bans)

Common Names in Portuguese:

Bambu-Verde

Common Names in Spanish:

Bambú Común, Bambú, Caña Brava

Common Names in Tagalog:

Kawayan Kiling

Common Names in Tamil:

Ponmungil

Common Names in Telugu:

ముళ్ళవెదురు

Common Names in Thai:

Mai Luang, Phai Luang, Phai Si Suk (Pai Seesuk, Pai See Sook)

Common Names in Tonga (Tonga Islands):

Pitu

Common Names in Turkish:

Bambuza

Description

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Genus Bambusa

Arborescent bamboos , occasionally shrubby or scrambling, 1-20 m. Rhizomes short necked, pachymorph. Culms unicaespitose, erect to pendulous, rarely subscandent; internodes terete ; nodes not raised. Branches several to many, often 1-3 dominant (subequal in Bambusa subg. Lingnania), branchlets of lower branches sometimes forming tough or weak thorns . Culm sheaths deciduous, rarely persistent ; auricles usually conspicuous , always with marginal oral setae; blade usually erect. Leaf blade variable in size, transverse veins inconspicuous. Inflorescence iterauctant, fully bracteate , subtended by a broad 2-keeled prophyll; pseudospikelets rarely solitary, usually several to many clustered to capitate on flowering branches. Pseudospikelets prophyllate ; florets 2 to many, terminal floret sterile or imperfect, sessile; fertile glumes preceded by 1 or more gemmiferous , glumaceous , or spathaceous bracts and/or 1-3 empty glumes; rachilla internodes usually distinct and usually disarticulating with florets, falling separately; lemma broad, many veined; palea 2-keeled, apex acute or shortly bifid; lodicules 3 or 2. Stamens 6; filaments free . Ovary usually stalked , apex thickened and hairy ; style solid, usually short; stigmas (1-) 3, long, hairy, plumose . Caryopsis terete, apex hairy; pericarp slightly thickened.

More than 100 species: tropical and subtropical Asia; pantropical in cultivation; 80 species (67 endemic) in China, mainly in the south and southwest.

Most species in this genus are very useful cultivated plants , with no known or only limited wild populations . Bambusa lapidea, B . pervariabilis, B. rigida, B. sinospinosa, and B. tuldoides are used for building construction and scaffolding; B. albolineata, B. lenta, and B. textilis are split for woven bamboo goods; the shoots of B. gibboides and B. variostriata are edible; B. multiplex, B. ventricosa, and B. vulgaris are very famous ornamental bamboos.[1]

Physical Description

Species Bambusa vulgaris

Clumps rather open. Culms 8-15 m , 5-9 cm in diam., basally straight or flexuose, apically drooping ; internodes deep green, 20-30 cm, initially thinly white powdery, stiffly pale brown strigose ; wall slightly thick; nodes slightly prominent , basal several with aerial roots and rings of grayish white silky hairs below and above sheath scar ; usually branching from lower nodes. Branches several to many, clustered, central dominant. Culm sheaths deciduous, ribbed-striate when dry, densely stiffly deciduously dark brown hairy , apex arched below blade , concave below auricles ; auricles conspicuous , ascending , nearly equal in shape and size, oblong or reniform , 8-10 mm; oral setae curved , fine; ligule 3-4 mm, serrate, very shortly white ciliolate ; blade deciduous, erect or deflexed , broadly triangular to triangular, base slightly rounded , ca. 1/2 width of sheath apex, abaxially sparsely stiffly dull brown hairy, adaxially densely stiffly dull brown hairy between veins, apex involute , sharply apiculate . Leaf blade narrowly lanceolate, 10-30 × 1.3-2.5 cm, both surfaces glabrous . Pseudospikelets several, clustered at nodes, narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, slightly flattened, 2-3.5 × 0.4-0.5 mm, apparently bifid; gemmiferous bracts several; florets 5-10; rachilla segments 1.5-3 mm. Glumes 1 or 2, abaxially shortly hairy near apex, apex apiculate; lemma 8-10 mm, abaxially shortly hairy near apex, apex apiculate; palea slightly shorter than lemma, keels ciliolate; lodicules 3, 2-2.5 mm, margins long ciliate . Anthers ca. 6 mm, apex penicillate . Style 3-7 mm, slender; stigmas 3, short. [source]

Two cultivars, Bambusa vulgaris 'Vittata' (黄金间碧竹 huang jin jian bi zhu), with culm internodes yellow with green stripes , and B . vulgaris 'Wamin' (大佛肚竹 da fo du zhu), with culm internodes shortened and basally swollen, are widely cultivated in gardens and parks. Although they have been given varietal or even specific status elsewhere, they are recognized as cultivars here. [source]

This species was incorrectly named by Aiton as Bambusa arundi-nacea Willdenow. [source]

Habit: Evergreen . • Growth Form: BunchShape and Orientation: Erect

Flowers: Bloom Period: IndeterminateFlower Color: Brown • Flower Conspicuous: No

Seeds: Seed Spread Rate: Slow • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No • Cold Stratification Required: No

Foliage: Foliage Color: Green • Foliage Texture: Fine • Fall Conspicuous: No • Leaf Retention: Yes

Size/Age/Growth

Active Growth Period: Year RoundGrowth Rate: Rapid • Mature Height (feet): 50.0 • Size: 15-20' tall. • Vegetative Spread Rate: Slow • Lifespan: Lifespan

Habitat

Riversides , open forests .[2].

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: PerennialCoppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes • Propagated by Container: Yes • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: No • Propagated by Seed: Yes • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Year RoundFruit/Seed Period End: Year RoundFruit/Seed Persistence: No

Growth

Culture: Space 12-15' apart.

Soil: Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium • Salinity Tolerance: Medium • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium • Minimum pH: 4.0 • Maximum pH: 7.0 • Fertility Requirement: Low

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: Medium • Minimum Precipitation: 60 • Maximum Precipitation: 100 • Moisture Use: Medium

Temperature: Minimum Temperature (F): 17 • Minimum Frost Free Days: 365 • Cold Hardiness: 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

B. humilis Reichenbach Ex Ruprecht • B. madagascariensis Rivière & C. Rivière • B. sieberi Grisebach; • B. striata Loddiges Ex Lindley • B. surinamensis Ruprecht • B. thouarsii Kunth • B. vulgaris var. striata (Loddiges Ex Lindley) Gamble • B. vulgaris var. vittata Rivière & C. rivièreBambusa auriculata Kurz • L. vulgaris var. striata (Loddiges Ex Lindley) Nakai. • Leleba vulgaris (Schrader Ex J. C. Wendland) Nakai

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Bambusa

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 79 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

B. albostriata (White-Variegated Weavers´ Bamboo) · B. amahussana (Indonesian Thin-Walled Bamboo) · B. arnhemica (Arnhem Land Bamboo) · B. arundinacea (Bamboo) · B. atra (Indian Bamboo) · B. balcooa (Giant Bamboo) · B. bambos (Giant Thorny Bamboo) · B. bambusa (Bamboos) · B. basihirsuta (Pin Bamboo) · B. beecheyana (Beechey's Bamboo) · B. bicicatricata (Bamboo) · B. blumeana (Giant Thorny Bamboo) · B. boniopsis (Hard-Sheathed Bamboo) · B. burmanica (Burma Bamboo) · B. cerosissima (Waxy Lingnania) · B. chungii (Tropical Blue Bamboo) · B. chungii 'Barbalatta' (Blue Bamboo) · B. cornigera (Ox-Horn Bamboo) · B. dissimulator (Bamboo) · B. distegia (Upright Bamboo) · B. dolichoclada (Long-Branched Bamboo) · B. dolichoclada 'Stripe' (Bamboo) · B. dolichomerithalla (Striped Blowpipe Bamboo) · B. dolichomerithalla 'Silverstripe' (Bamboo) · B. duriuscula (Laiamko Bamboo) · B. emeiensis 'Flavidorivens' (Bamboo) · B. emeiensis 'Viridiflavus' (Bamboo) · B. eutuldoides (Dai Ngan Bamboo (Hong Kong)) · B. eutuldoides 'Viridi-Vittata' (Bamboo) · B. flexuosa (Lesser Thorny Bamboo) · B. floribunda (Heavy-Flowering Bamboo) · B. forbesii (Iron Range Bamboo) · B. gibba (Bamboo) · B. gibboides (Tender Shoot Bamboo) · B. glaucescens (Golden Goddess Bamboo) · B. glaucophylla (Malay Dwarf) · B. heterostachya (Malay Dwarf Bamboo) · B. humilis (Malayan Dwarf Bamboo) · B. lako (Timor Black Bamboo) · B. lapidea (Horsehoof Bamboo) · B. longifolia (Longflower Bamboo) · B. longispiculata (Bamboo) · B. maculata (Bamboo) · B. malingensis (Maling Bamboo) · B. membranacea (White Bamboo) · B. multiplex (Alphonse Karr Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Alphonso-Karrii' (Alphonso-Karrii Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Fernleaf' (Hedge Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Golden Goddess' (Golden Goddess Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Riviereorum' (Chinese Goddess) · B. multiplex 'Silverstripe' (Hedge Bamboo) · B. mutabilis (Emerald Bamboo) · B. nguyenii (Broad-Leaved Vietnamese Bamboo) · B. nutans (Bamboo) · B. oldhamii (Giant Timber Bamboo) · B. oliveriana (Bushy Bamboo) · B. pachinensis (Bamboo) · B. pervariabilis (Bamboo) · B. pervariabilis 'Viridistriata' (Sunburst Bamboo) · B. polymorpha (Polymorph Bamboo) · B. rigida (Rigid Bamboo) · B. sinospinosa (Chinese Thorny Bamboo) · B. textilis (Textile Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Albostriata' (Weavers Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Glabra' (Weavers Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Gracilis' (Graceful Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Maculata' (Weavers Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Scranton' (Bamboo) · B. tulda (Bamboo) · B. tulda 'Striata' (Bengal Bamboo) · B. tuldoides (Punting Pole Bamboo) · B. tuldoides 'Kimmei' (Buddhas Belly Bamboo) · B. tuldoides 'Ventricosa' (Buddhas Belly Bamboo Ventricosa) · B. vario-striata (Bamboo) · B. ventricosa (Common Bamboo) · B. vulgaris (Buddhas Belly Bamboo) · B. vulgaris var. Vittata (Golden Hawaiian Bamboo) · B. vulgaris 'Wamin' (Dwarf Buddhas Belly Bamboo) · B. 'Hirose' (Bamboo)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 02, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Nianhe Xia, Liang-zhi Jia, De-Zhu Li & Chris Stapleton "Bambusa". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 8, 9, 41, 121, 148. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Bambusa vulgaris". in Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 10, 19, 25. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-21