A Pantropical bamboo , of unknown origin . It can grow 4cm a day, to 20 m. One cutting yields 10 new stems and 50 shoots in 3 years. It is widely used for construction and water pipes, musical instruments and weapons, baskets and bird-scarers; shoots are edible and can be eaten fresh, cooked, dried or pickled, and are rich in Vitamin A. A useful plant for erosion control and construction. Leaves are used to relieve fevers and in Grenada are given to dogs and donkeys to increase ferocity and sex drive; in the a similar tea is said to have the same effect bu to reduce blood sugar (Politi, 1996).
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Arabic:
Common Names in Bengali:
Baansh, Bakal, Basini Bans
Common Names in Chinese:
Long Tou Zhu, Long Tou Zhu (Hong Kong), Tai Shan Zhu (Hong Kong), Tai Shan Zhu (Taiwan), Yin Zhu, Yin Zhu (Hong Kong)
Common Names in English:
Buddhas Belly Bamboo, Bambusa vulgarisGolden Bamboo, Common Bamboo, Dragon-Head Bamboo, Feathery Bamboo, Golden Bamboo, Green-Culmed Bamboo, Surinam Bamboo, Surinam Dwarf Bamboo, Unarmed Bamboo
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Bambou Commun, Bambou Ordinaire, Grand Bambou
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Malay:
Aur Beting, Bambu Ampel (Indonesia), Buloh Aao Beting, Buloh Aur, Buloh Minyak, Buloh Minyak Aao, Buloh Pau, Buluh gading
Common Names in Marathi:
Common Names in Nepalese:
Bansii Baans (Bansi Bans), Taamaa Baans (Tama Bans)
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Spanish:
Bambú Común, Bambú, Caña Brava
Common Names in Tagalog:
Common Names in Tamil:
Common Names in Telugu:
Common Names in Thai:
Mai Luang, Phai Luang
Common Names in Tonga (Tonga Islands):
Common Names in Turkish:
herbs, or tall woody bamboos
. Flowering stems (culms
, internodes hollow or solid; branches arising singly from nodes and subtended by a leaf sheath
and 2-keeled prophyll, often fascicled in bamboos. Leaves arranged alternately in 2 ranks
, differentiated into sheath, blade
, and an adaxial
at sheath/blade junction (ligule) ; leaf sheath surrounding and supporting culm-internode, split to base
or infrequently tubular
with partially or completely fused margins
, modified with reduced blade in bamboos (culm sheaths) ; leaf blades divergent, usually long, narrow and flat, but varying from inrolled
, veins parallel, sometimes with cross-connecting veinlets
(especially in bamboos) ; ligule membranous or a line
. Inflorescence terminal
, an open, contracted
, or spikelike panicle, or composed of lax
to spikelike racemes
arranged along an elongate
central axis, or digitate, paired
, or occasionally solitary; axillary inflorescences often many, subtended by spatheoles
(specialized bladeless leaf sheaths) and gathered into a leafy compound
often aggregated into complex
in bamboos. Spikelets composed of distichous bracts arranged along a slender axis (rachilla) ; typically 2 lowest bracts (glumes
) empty, subtending
1 to many florets
; glumes often poorly differentiated from accompanying bracts in bamboos. Florets composed of 2 opposing bracts enclosing a single small flower, outer bract (lemma) clasping
the more delicate, usually 2-keeled inner bract (palea) ; base of floret often with thickened prolongation articulated with rachilla (callus) ; lemma often with apical or dorsal bristle
), glumes also sometimes awned
. Flowers bisexual
; lodicules (small scales
representing perianth) 2, rarely 3 or absent, 3 to many in bamboos, hyaline
; stamens 3 rarely 1, 2, 6, or more in some bamboos, hypogynous, filaments
versatile; ovary 1-celled, styles (1 or) 2(rarely 3), free
at base, topped by feathery stigmas, exserted from sides or apex of floret. Fruit normally a dry indehiscent caryopsis with thin pericarp firmly adherent
to seed, pericarp rarely free, fleshy in some bamboos; embryo small or large; hilum
About 700 genera and 11,000 species: widely distributed in all regions of the world.
, occasionally shrubby or scrambling, 1-20 m.
Rhizomes short necked, pachymorph. Culms
to pendulous, rarely subscandent; internodes terete
; nodes not raised. Branches several to many, often 1-3 dominant (subequal
in Bambusa subg. Lingnania), branchlets
of lower branches sometimes forming tough or weak thorns
. Culm sheaths deciduous, rarely persistent
, always with marginal
usually erect. Leaf blade variable in size, transverse
veins inconspicuous. Inflorescence iterauctant, fully bracteate
, subtended by a broad 2-keeled prophyll; pseudospikelets rarely solitary, usually several to many clustered to capitate on flowering branches. Pseudospikelets prophyllate
2 to many, terminal
or imperfect, sessile; fertile
preceded by 1 or more gemmiferous
, or spathaceous
bracts and/or 1-3 empty glumes; rachilla internodes usually distinct
and usually disarticulating
with florets, falling separately; lemma broad, many veined; palea 2-keeled, apex acute or shortly bifid; lodicules 3 or 2. Stamens 6; filaments
. Ovary usually stalked
, apex thickened and hairy
; style solid, usually short; stigmas (1-) 3, long, hairy, plumose
. Caryopsis terete, apex hairy; pericarp slightly thickened.
More than 100 species: tropical and subtropical Asia; pantropical in cultivation; 80 species (67 endemic) in China, mainly in the south and southwest.
Most species in this genus are very useful cultivated plants , with no known or only limited wild populations . Bambusa lapidea, B . pervariabilis, B. rigida, B. sinospinosa, and B. tuldoides are used for building construction and scaffolding; B. albolineata, B. lenta, and B. textilis are split for woven bamboo goods; the shoots of B. gibboides and B. variostriata are edible; B. multiplex, B. ventricosa, and B. vulgaris are very famous ornamental bamboos.
Species Bambusa vulgaris
rather open. Culms
, 5-9 cm in diam., basally straight
or flexuose, apically drooping
; internodes deep green, 20-30 cm,
initially thinly white powdery, stiffly pale
slightly thick; nodes slightly prominent
, basal several with aerial
of grayish white silky
below and above sheath
; usually branching from lower nodes. Branches several to many,
clustered, central dominant. Culm sheaths deciduous, ribbed-striate
when dry, densely stiffly deciduously dark brown hairy
, apex arched
; auricles conspicuous
nearly equal in shape
and size, oblong
, 8-10 mm; oral
, fine; ligule 3-4 mm, serrate, very shortly white ciliolate
blade deciduous, erect
, broadly triangular to triangular,
1/2 width of
sheath apex, abaxially sparsely
brown hairy, adaxially densely stiffly dull brown hairy
between veins, apex involute
, sharply apiculate
. Leaf blade narrowly
lanceolate, 10-30 × 1.3-2.5 cm, both surfaces glabrous
several, clustered at nodes, narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate,
slightly flattened, 2-3.5 × 0.4-0.5 mm, apparently bifid; gemmiferous
bracts several; florets
5-10; rachilla segments 1.5-3 mm.
1 or 2, abaxially shortly hairy near apex, apex apiculate; lemma
8-10 mm, abaxially shortly hairy near apex, apex apiculate; palea
slightly shorter than lemma, keels ciliolate; lodicules 3, 2-2.5
ca. 6 mm, apex penicillate
3-7 mm, slender; stigmas 3, short. [source]
Two cultivars, Bambusa vulgaris 'Vittata' (é»„é‡‘é—´ç¢§ç«¹ huang jin jian bi zhu), with culm internodes yellow with green stripes , and B . vulgaris 'Wamin' (å¤§ä½›è‚šç«¹ da fo du zhu), with culm internodes shortened and basally swollen, are widely cultivated in gardens and parks. Although they have been given varietal or even specific status elsewhere, they are recognized as cultivars here. [source]
This species was incorrectly named by Aiton as Bambusa arundi-nacea Willdenow. [source]
Habit: Evergreen . • Growth Form: Bunch • Shape and Orientation: Erect
Flowers: Bloom Period: Indeterminate • Flower Color: Brown • Flower Conspicuous: No
Seeds: Seed Spread Rate: Slow • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Low • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No • Cold Stratification Required: No
Foliage: Foliage Color: Green • Foliage Texture: Fine • Fall Conspicuous: No • Leaf Retention: Yes
Active Growth Period: Year Round • Growth Rate: Rapid • Mature Height (feet): 50.0 • Size: 15-20' tall. • Vegetative Spread Rate: Slow • Lifespan: Lifespan
Riversides , open forests ..
Duration: Perennial • Coppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes • Propagated by Container: Yes • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: No • Propagated by Seed: Yes • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: Yes • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Year Round • Fruit/Seed Period End: Year Round • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
Culture: Space 12-15' apart.
Soil: Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes • Anaerobic Tolerance: Medium • Salinity Tolerance: Medium • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium • Minimum pH: 4.0 • Maximum pH: 7.0 • Fertility Requirement: Low
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: Medium • Minimum Precipitation: 60 • Maximum Precipitation: 100 • Moisture Use: Medium
Temperature: Minimum Temperature (F): 17 • Minimum Frost Free Days: 365 • Cold Hardiness: 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Chatton, 1925
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 Ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Scopoli, 1760
- Takhtajan, 1967
- (Small, 1903) Takhtajan, 1997 Ex Reveal & Doweld, 1999
- Small, 1903
- Family: Poaceae () - (R. Brown) Barnhart, 1895 - graminées, grasses
- Order: Poales () - Small, 1903 - Grasses
- Superorder: Poanae () - (Small, 1903) Takhtajan, 1997 Ex Reveal & Doweld, 1999
- Subclass: Commelinidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Scopoli, 1760
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 Ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
B. humilis Reichenbach Ex Ruprecht • B. madagascariensis Rivière & C. Rivière • B. sieberi Grisebach; • B. striata Loddiges Ex Lindley • B. surinamensis Ruprecht • B. thouarsii Kunth • B. vulgaris var. striata (Loddiges Ex Lindley) Gamble • B. vulgaris var. vittata Rivière & C. rivière • Bambusa auriculata Kurz • L. vulgaris var. striata (Loddiges Ex Lindley) Nakai. • Leleba vulgaris (Schrader Ex J. C. Wendland) Nakai
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Bambusa
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 79 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
B. albostriata (White-Variegated Weavers´ Bamboo) · B. amahussana (Indonesian Thin-Walled Bamboo) · B. arnhemica (Arnhem Land Bamboo) · B. arundinacea (Bamboo) · B. atra (Indian Bamboo) · B. balcooa (Giant Bamboo) · B. bambos (Giant Thorny Bamboo) · B. bambusa (Bamboos) · B. basihirsuta (Pin Bamboo) · B. beecheyana (Beechey's Bamboo) · B. bicicatricata (Bamboo) · B. blumeana (Giant Thorny Bamboo) · B. boniopsis (Hard-Sheathed Bamboo) · B. burmanica (Burma Bamboo) · B. cerosissima (Waxy Lingnania) · B. chungii (Tropical Blue Bamboo) · B. chungii 'Barbalatta' (Blue Bamboo) · B. cornigera (Ox-Horn Bamboo) · B. dissimulator (Bamboo) · B. distegia (Upright Bamboo) · B. dolichoclada (Long-Branched Bamboo) · B. dolichoclada 'Stripe' (Bamboo) · B. dolichomerithalla (Striped Blowpipe Bamboo) · B. dolichomerithalla 'Silverstripe' (Bamboo) · B. duriuscula (Laiamko Bamboo) · B. emeiensis 'Flavidorivens' (Bamboo) · B. emeiensis 'Viridiflavus' (Bamboo) · B. eutuldoides (Dai Ngan Bamboo (Hong Kong)) · B. eutuldoides 'Viridi-Vittata' (Bamboo) · B. flexuosa (Lesser Thorny Bamboo) · B. floribunda (Heavy-Flowering Bamboo) · B. forbesii (Iron Range Bamboo) · B. gibba (Bamboo) · B. gibboides (Tender Shoot Bamboo) · B. glaucescens (Golden Goddess Bamboo) · B. glaucophylla (Malay Dwarf) · B. heterostachya (Malay Dwarf Bamboo) · B. humilis (Malayan Dwarf Bamboo) · B. lako (Timor Black Bamboo) · B. lapidea (Horsehoof Bamboo) · B. longifolia (Longflower Bamboo) · B. longispiculata (Bamboo) · B. maculata (Bamboo) · B. malingensis (Maling Bamboo) · B. membranacea (White Bamboo) · B. multiplex (Alphonse Karr Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Alphonso-Karrii' (Alphonso-Karrii Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Fernleaf' (Hedge Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Golden Goddess' (Golden Goddess Bamboo) · B. multiplex 'Riviereorum' (Chinese Goddess) · B. multiplex 'Silverstripe' (Hedge Bamboo) · B. mutabilis (Emerald Bamboo) · B. nguyenii (Broad-Leaved Vietnamese Bamboo) · B. nutans (Bamboo) · B. oldhamii (Giant Timber Bamboo) · B. oliveriana (Bushy Bamboo) · B. pachinensis (Bamboo) · B. pervariabilis (Bamboo) · B. pervariabilis 'Viridistriata' (Sunburst Bamboo) · B. polymorpha (Polymorph Bamboo) · B. rigida (Rigid Bamboo) · B. sinospinosa (Chinese Thorny Bamboo) · B. textilis (Textile Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Albostriata' (Weavers Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Glabra' (Weavers Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Gracilis' (Graceful Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Maculata' (Weavers Bamboo) · B. textilis 'Scranton' (Bamboo) · B. tulda (Bamboo) · B. tulda 'Striata' (Bengal Bamboo) · B. tuldoides (Punting Pole Bamboo) · B. tuldoides 'Kimmei' (Buddhas Belly Bamboo) · B. tuldoides 'Ventricosa' (Buddhas Belly Bamboo Ventricosa) · B. vario-striata (Bamboo) · B. ventricosa (Common Bamboo) · B. vulgaris (Buddhas Belly Bamboo) · B. vulgaris var. Vittata (Golden Hawaiian Bamboo) · B. vulgaris 'Wamin' (Dwarf Buddhas Belly Bamboo) · B. 'Hirose' (Bamboo)
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