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Agrimonia eupatoria var. mollis



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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Chinese:

Da Hua Long Ya Cao

Common Names in English:



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Family Rosaceae

Trees , shrubs , or herbs, deciduous or evergreen . Stems erect , scandent , arching , prostrate , or creeping , armed or unarmed . Buds usually with several exposed scales , sometimes with only 2. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple or compound ; stipules paired , free or adnate to petiole , rarely absent, persistent or deciduous; petiole usually 2-glandular apically; leaf blade often serrate at margin , rarely entire. Inflorescences various, from single flowers to umbellate , corymbose , racemose or cymose-paniculate. Flowers usually actinomorphic , bisexual , rarely unisexual and then plants dioecious. Hypanthium (formed from basal parts of sepals, petals, and stamens) free from or adnate to ovary, short or elongate . Sepals usually 5, rarely fewer or more, imbricate; epicalyx segments sometimes also present. Petals as many as sepals, inserted below margin of disk, free, imbricate, sometimes absent. Disk lining hypanthium, usually entire, rarely lobed . Stamens usually numerous , rarely few, always in a complete ring at margin of or above disk; filaments usually free, very rarely connate ; anthers small, didymous , rarely elongate, 2-locular. Carpels 1 to many, free, or ± connate and then adnate to inner surface of cupular receptacle; ovary inferior, semi-inferior, or superior; ovules usually 2 in each carpel, rarely 1 or several, anatropous , superposed . Styles as many as carpels, terminal , lateral , or basal, free or sometimes connate. Fruit a follicle, pome, achene, or drupe, rarely a capsule, naked or enclosed in persistent hypanthium and sometimes also by sepals. Seeds erect or pendulous, sometimes winged , usually exalbuminous , very rarely with thin endosperm; cotyledons mostly fleshy and convex abaxially, rarely folded or convolute.

Between 95 and 125 genera and 2825-3500 species: cosmopolitan , mostly in N temperate zone; 55 genera (two endemic) and 950 species (546 endemic) in China.

Many plants of this family are of economic importance and contribute to people s livelihoods. The Rosaceae contain a great number of fruit trees of temperate regions . The fruits contain vitamins, acids, and sugars and can be used both raw and for making preserves, jam, jelly, candy, various drinks, wine, vinegar, etc. The dried fruits of the genera

Amygdalus and Armeniaca are of high commercial value. Some plants in the genus Rosa containing essential oils or with a high vitamin content are used in industry . Rosaceae wood is used for making various articles, stems and roots are used for making tannin extract, and young leaves are used as a substitute for tea. Numerous species are used for medical purposes or are cultivated as ornamentals .

The Rosaceae are very well represented in China, with great economic and scientific importance. The Co-chairs of the Editorial Committee (Wu and Raven) here note that the patterns of relationship are complex and the group is taxonomically difficult. [1]

Genus Agrimonia

Herbs perennial , tall, with creeping rhizome. Leaves stipulate , imparipinnate . Flowers usually in terminal , spikelike racemes , bisexual , rather small. Hypanthium turbinate , sulcate , with hooked prickles or 5 teeth below limb abaxially, constricted at throat . Sepals 5, imbricate, persistent . Petals 5, larger than sepals. Disk lining hypanthium, margin thickened, annular , glandular . Stamens 5-15 or more, inserted at mouth of hypanthium, 1-seriate. Carpels usually 2, included in hypanthium, sessile; ovule pendulous; style terminal, exserted, filiform ; stigma dilated . Achenes 1 or 2, included in closed hypanthium, distally with hooked prickles. Seed pendulous; testa membranous. x = 7.

About ten species: N temperate zone, alpine regions of tropics; four species in China.[2]


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Publishing author : Torr. & A.Gray Publication : Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 431 1840 .

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 2009

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Agrimonia

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 15 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

A. eupatoria (Agrimony) · A. eupatoria eupatoria (Churchsteeples) · A. eupatoria var. glabra (Agrimony) · A. eupatoria var. hirsuta (Agrimony) · A. eupatoria var. mollis (Agrimony) · A. eupatoria var. suaveolens (Agrimony) · A. gryposepala (Tall Hairy Groovebur) · A. incisa (Incised Agrimony) · A. microcarpa (Small-Fruited Agrimony) · A. parviflora (Harvestlice) · A. procera (Cocklebur) · A. pubescens (Bicknell's Grovebur) · A. repens (Creeping Agrimony) · A. rostellata (Beaked Agrimony) · A. striata (Roadside Agrimony)

More Info

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Further Reading

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  1. Cuizhi Gu, Chaoluan Li, Lingdi Lu, Shunyuan Jiang, Crinan Alexander, Bruce Bartholomew, Anthony R. Brach, David E. Boufford, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba, Kenneth R. Robertson & Steven A. Spongberg "Rosaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 46. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. Li Chao-luang, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba "Agrimonia". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 382. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-14