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Azadirachta indica

(Margosa Tree)

Overview

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Tree from SE Asia and East Indies yielding an antiseptic resin used medicinally and in toothpaste, soaps, and lotions.

Probably native of Burma, widely cultivated in OW tropics, spread by bats. It has long been cultivated in from India to Indonesia, and was taken by in the 19th C to Fiji, Africa and Guyana; in many dry forest or savanna areas it has become abundantly naturalised. 50,000 trees have recently been planted near Mecca in Saudi Arabia as shade for pilgrims (Hanum and Van der Maesen, 1997). An extremely valuable multipurpose tree with all parts being used, for construction, medicine, food, and insecticide . Timber used as a mahogany substitute. Edible leaves adnb flowers. Leaves and seeds provide a source of the powerful insecticide Azadirachtin. Used medicinally against scabies and many other skin diseases, especially when soaked in water used for bathing, and as a post-coital contraceptive. A spermicide contraceptive made from it is sold in India. Introduced in Grenada. In India, oil from the seeds is used extensivle in India. Seeds and leaves (mixed in with grain in stores) are used as a natural insecticide, containing azadirechtin.

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Nim (Neem), Sherish (Shereesh), أزدرخت هندي

Common Names in Bengali:

Bim, Nim, Nimgach

Common Names in Bengali, Bangla:

নিম

Common Names in Burmese:

Tamaka, တမာပင်

Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:

Nim

Common Names in Chichewa, Chewa, Nyanja:

Nimu

Common Names in Chinese:

Ku Lian, Lian Shu, Lian Zao Zi, Yin Du Lian Shu (Taiwan), 印度苦楝樹

Common Names in English:

Margosa Tree, Bead Tree, Burmese Neem Tree, Chinaberry, Indian Cedar, Indian-Lilac, Margosa, Neem, Neem Tree, Nim, Nimbay, Nimtree, Pichumarda, Vepa, Yepa

Common Names in Esperanto:

Hinda azadiraĥto

Common Names in Finnish:

Neempuu

Common Names in French:

Azadirachta De L´inde, Huile De Neem (Product), Lilas De Perse (Réunion Island), Lilas Des Indes, Lilas Du Japon (Réunion Island), Margosier, Margosier De Birmanie, Margosier Du Bangladesh, Margousier, Neem Des Indes, Nim Des Indes

Common Names in German:

Niembaum, Nimbaum

Common Names in Gujarati:

લીમડો

Common Names in Haitian, Haitian Creole:

Nim

Common Names in Hebrew (modern):

אזדרכת הודית

Common Names in Hindi:

Balnimb, Neem, Nim, Nind, नीम

Common Names in Japanese:

インドセンダン

Common Names in Kannada:

Bevinmar, ಬೇವು

Common Names in Komi:

Ним (быдмӧг)

Common Names in Kurdish:

Maûna hindî

Common Names in Latin:

Cortex Margosae

Common Names in Malay:

Mambu, Mind (Indonesia), Pokok Mambu, Sadu

Common Names in Malayalam:

Veppu, ആര്യവേപ്പ്

Common Names in Marathi (Marāṭhī):

कडुलिंब

Common Names in Nepalese:

Nim

Common Names in Nepali:

नीम

Common Names in Norwegian:

Neem

Common Names in Oriya:

ନିମ୍ବ

Common Names in Persian:

Azad Dirakht

Common Names in Persian (Farsi):

چریش

Common Names in Polish:

Miodla indyjska

Common Names in Portuguese:

Neem

Common Names in Russian:

Ним (дерево)

Common Names in Sanskrit:

Nimba, Nimbac, Nimbak

Common Names in Sanskrit (Saṁskṛta):

निम्बः

Common Names in Sinhalese:

Kohomba

Common Names in Somali:

Geed Hindi

Common Names in Swahili:

Mkilifi, Mwarobaini, Mwarubaini Kamili

Common Names in Swedish:

Neem

Common Names in Tamil:

Vepa, வேம்பு

Common Names in Telugu:

వేప

Common Names in Thai:

Cha-Tang, Khwinin (Kwinin), Sadao, Sadao India, สะเดา

Common Names in Tonga (Tonga Islands):

Nimi

Common Names in Ukrainian:

Нім (дерево)

Common Names in Urdu:

Neem, Nim, نیم

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Sàu-Dàu, Sầu đâu

Common Names in Yoruba:

Afoforo Oyimbo

Description

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Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: March. • Flower Color: cream, tan

Size/Age/Growth

Size: over 40' tall.

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 8-10' apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb. • Melia azadirachta L.

Notes

Publishing author : A.Juss. Publication : M?m. Mus. Par. xix. (1830) 221 (Mel. 69). (1830)

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Azadirachta

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 3 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

A. excelsa (Philippines Neem Tree) · A. indica (Margosa Tree) · A. indica var. siamensis (Indian-Lilac)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:

Identifiers

Last Revised: 2014-11-21