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Azadirachta indica

(Margosa Tree)

Overview

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Tree from SE Asia and East Indies yielding an antiseptic resin used medicinally and in toothpaste, soaps, and lotions.

Probably native of Burma, widely cultivated in OW tropics, spread by bats. It has long been cultivated in from India to Indonesia, and was taken by in the 19th C to Fiji, Africa and Guyana; in many dry forest or savanna areas it has become abundantly naturalised. 50,000 trees have recently been planted near Mecca in Saudi Arabia as shade for pilgrims (Hanum and Van der Maesen, 1997). An extremely valuable multipurpose tree with all parts being used, for construction, medicine, food, and insecticide . Timber used as a mahogany substitute. Edible leaves adnb flowers. Leaves and seeds provide a source of the powerful insecticide Azadirachtin. Used medicinally against scabies and many other skin diseases, especially when soaked in water used for bathing, and as a post-coital contraceptive. A spermicide contraceptive made from it is sold in India. Introduced in Grenada. In India, oil from the seeds is used extensivle in India. Seeds and leaves (mixed in with grain in stores) are used as a natural insecticide, containing azadirechtin.

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Nim (Neem), Sherish (Shereesh)

Common Names in Bengali:

Bim, Nim, Nimgach

Common Names in Burmese:

Tamaka

Common Names in Chinese:

Ku Lian, Lian Shu, Lian Zao Zi, Yin Du Lian Shu (Taiwan)

Common Names in English:

Margosa Tree, Bead Tree, Burmese Neem Tree, Chinaberry, Indian Cedar, Indian-Lilac, Margosa, Neem, Neem Tree, Nim, Nimbay, Nimtree, Pichumarda, Vepa, Yepa

Common Names in French:

Azadirachta De L´inde, Huile De Neem (Product), Lilas De Perse (Réunion Island), Lilas Des Indes, Lilas Du Japon (Réunion Island), Margosier, Margosier De Birmanie, Margosier Du Bangladesh, Neem Des Indes, Nim Des Indes

Common Names in German:

Niembaum, Nimbaum

Common Names in Hindi:

Balnimb, Neem, Nim, Nind, नीम

Common Names in Kannada:

Bevinmar

Common Names in Latin:

Cortex Margosae

Common Names in Malay:

Mambu, Mind (Indonesia), Sadu

Common Names in Malayalam:

Veppu

Common Names in Nepalese:

Nim

Common Names in Persian:

Azad Dirakht

Common Names in Sanskrit:

Nimba, Nimbac, Nimbak

Common Names in Sinhalese:

Kohomba

Common Names in Swahili:

Mkilifi, Mwarubaini Kamili

Common Names in Tamil:

Vepa

Common Names in Thai:

Cha-Tang, Khwinin (Kwinin), Sadao, Sadao India

Common Names in Urdu:

Neem, Nim

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Sàu-Dàu

Common Names in Yoruba:

Afoforo Oyimbo

Description

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Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: March. • Flower Color: cream, tan

Size/Age/Growth

Size: over 40' tall.

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 8-10' apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb. • Melia azadirachta L.

Notes

Publishing author : A.Juss. Publication : M?m. Mus. Par. xix. (1830) 221 (Mel. 69). (1830)

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Azadirachta

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 3 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

A. excelsa (Philippines Neem Tree) · A. indica (Margosa Tree) · A. indica var. siamensis (Indian-Lilac)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:

Identifiers

Last Revised: 2014-04-22