Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Arabic:
Common Names in Azerbaijani:
Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:
Common Names in Chinese:
Yu Qian Bo Cai, 榆钱菠菜
Common Names in Czech:
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Garden Orach, Atriplex hortensis, French spinach, Garden Arrach, garden atriplex, Garden Orache, garden saltbush, Mountain Spinach, Mountain-Spinach, Orach, Orache, Red Orach, Sea Purslane
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Arroche épinard, Arroche Des Jardins, bonne dame, Epinard Géant
Common Names in Galician:
Common Names in German:
Garten Melde, Garten-Melde, Gartenmelde, Spanischer Spinat
Common Names in Italian:
Atriplex hortensis, Atriplice, Atriplice Degli Orti, Bietolone Rosso
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Ossetian, Ossetic:
Common Names in Polish:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Armolas, Erva armola
Common Names in Romanian:
Common Names in Russian:
Lebeda Sadovaja, лебеда садовая
Common Names in Spanish:
Armuelle, Armuelle Mole, Bledos Moles
Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:
Common Names in Swedish:
Common Names in Ukrainian:
, or lianas. Leaves alternate or opposite, entire, exstipulate
. Flowers small, bisexual
, or sterile
and reduced, subtended by 1 membranous bract and 2 bracteoles, solitary or aggregated in cymes. Inflorescences elongated or condensed spikes (heads
, or thyrsoid
structures of varying complexity. Bracteoles membranous or scarious
. Tepals 3-5, membranous, scarious or subleathery, 1-, 3-, 5-, or 7(-23) -veined. Stamens as many as tepals and opposite these, rarely fewer than tepals; filaments
into a cup
or ± entirely into a tube
, filament lobes present or absent, pseudostaminodes present or absent; anthers
(1- or) 2-loculed, dorsifixed
, introrsely dehiscent
. Ovary superior, 1-loculed; ovules 1 to many; style persistent
, short and indistinct or long and slender; stigma capitate, penicillate
, 2-lobed or forming 2 filiform
branches. Fruit a dry utricle or a fleshy
capsule, indehiscent, irregularly bursting, or circumscissile. Seeds lenticular
, subglobose, or shortly cylindric
About 70 genera and 900 species: worldwide; 15 genera (one introduced ) and 44 species (three endemic, 14 introduced) in China.
Morphology of the androecium, perianth (tepals), and the inflorescence has traditionally been used to circumscribe genera and tribes . Pseudostaminodia are interstaminal appendages with variously shaped apices. Filament appendages are the lateral appendages of filaments (one on each side) . The basic structure of the inflorescence is the cyme (branchlets arising from the bracteole axils, the bracteoles serving as bracts for upper flowers), which can be reduced to one flower with two bracteoles and a bract. Units of dispersal vary considerably (capsules opening with lower part persistent, flower and bracteoles falling together, or cymose partial inflorescences breaking off above bract) and can be characteristic for genera. Several genera possess long trichomes serving dispersal at the base of the tepals.
Herbs or shrubs, annual
, monoecious or dioecious, often with bladderlike hairs
to form silvery or scurfy
) vesture, less often with elongate
. Leaves persistent
or tardily deciduous, alternate, partially opposite, or opposite, sessile or petiolate
entire, serrate, or lobed
, with venation
either of Kranz-type or normal dicotyledonous
type, axillary buds inconspicuous or lacking. Inflorescences axillary
; flowers borne in axillary clusters or glomerules
, or in terminal spikes or spicate
flowers with 3-5-parted calyx, ebracteate
; stamens 3-5. Pistillate
flowers lacking perianth, pistil naked, or in few species with (1-) 3-5-lobed perianth, commonly enclosed within pair of foliaceous
bracteoles; stigmas 2. Fruiting bracteoles enlarged in fruit, of various shapes
and variously connate
or not, thickened, and appendaged; pericarp free
, tightly enclosed in the fruiting bracteoles. Seeds flattened, mainly vertical
; radicle inferior, lateral
, or superior. x = 9.
Species ca. 250: worldwide, mainly in subarctic , temperate , and subtropical regions.
Many species of Atriplex are halophytic, others occupy soils low in dissolved particulates.
Prior to the 1900s, the genus Suckleya was treated within Atriplex, but its obcompressed fruiting bracteoles are quite unlike anything in Atriplex, and the plants were recognized as a distinct genus.
Species Atriplex hortensis
Herbs, green to yellowish or reddish, 5-15(-25) dm, glabrous
, mostly branched. Leaves mostly opposite
or mostly alternate; petiole
0.3-4+ cm; blade
green on both sides,
or ovate-lanceolate to cordate-hastate at base
, 15-180 ×
8-135 mm, margin
entire or more rarely irregularly toothed
apex attenuate to acuminate or rounded
. Inflorescences of
spikes disposed in leafless panicles. Staminate
, some ebracteolate
and with 5-parted
perianth, others without perianth enclosed by a pair of sessile or
very shortly stipitate
bracteoles. Fruiting bracteoles samaralike,
or ovate, compressed
, 5-18 mm, united
only at base,
. Seeds of ebracteate
flowers black, horizontal,
, 1-2 mm wide, lustrous
; those of bracteolate
, flat, 3-4.5 mm wide, dull
. 2n = 18.
Atriplex hortensis has been widely grown as a potherb, has escaped from cultivation, and is now established especially in moist ruderal sites. It is easily distinguished by its rounded, samaralike, entire, and smooth fruiting bracteoles, and the presence of two kinds of pistillate flowers, the one enclosed by bracteoles and lacking sepals, the other without bracteoles but subtended by sepals. [source]
Atriplex nitens (see list of excluded taxa) is distinguished from A. hortensis in Flora Europea (P. Aellen 1964b) by having leaf blades densely white scurfy beneath , the distal surface lustrous, as opposed to green and dull for A. hortensis. Occasional specimens, treated here as A. hortensis, have leaves somewhat scurfy. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: June. • Flower Color: chartreuseyellow-green, inconspicuous, none, red
Size: 36-48" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,180 meters (0 to 10,433 feet).
Culture: Space 12-15" apart.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
- Chatton, 1925
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Novák ex Takht. (1967)
- Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl, 1820
- Suborder: Chenopodiineae () - Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
- Order: Caryophyllales () - Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl, 1820
- Superorder: Caryophyllanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Magnoliidae () - Novák ex Takhtajan, 1967 - Angiosperms
- Class: Magnoliopsida () - Novák ex Takht. (1967) - Dicotyledons
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997, nom. inval.
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Atriplex Hortensis Var. atrosanguinea Hort. • Atriplex nitens Schkuhr
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Atriplex
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 159 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
A. acadiensis (Maritime Saltbush) · A. acanthocarpa (Armed Saltbush) · A. acanthocarpa acanthocarpa (Parish's Glasswort) · A. acanthocarpa subsp. coahuilensis (Tuburcled Saltbush) · A. alaskensis (Alaska Orache) · A. alba (Lambsquarters Goosefoot) · A. ambrosioides (West Indian Goosefoot) · A. amnicola (River Saltbush) · A. aptera (Moundscale) · A. argentea (Silverscale Saltbush) · A. argentea argentea (Sack Saltbush) · A. argentea argentea var. argentea (Silverscale Saltbush) · A. argentea expansa (Silverscale) · A. argentea longitrichoma (Silverscale) · A. argentea typica (Silverscale) · A. argentea var. argentea (Silverscale Saltbush) · A. argentea var. caput-medusae (Stalked Saltbush) · A. argentea var. hillmanii (Hillman's Silverscale Saltbush) · A. argentea subsp. expansa (Silverscale Saltbush) · A. aristata (Sea Foam Flower) · A. asterocarpa (Chinle Saltbush) · A. australasica (Australian Orache) · A. barclayana (Barclay's Saltbush) · A. billardierei (Crystalwort) · A. bonnevillensis (Bonneville Saltbush) · A. botrys (Jerusalem Oak Goosefoot) · A. californica (California Saltbush) · A. calotheca (Halberdleaf Orach) · A. canescens (Four-Wing Saltbush) · A. canescens canescens (Salt Sage Atriplex) · A. canescens var. angustifolia (Fourwing Saltbush) · A. canescens var. canescens (Fourwing Saltbush) · A. canescens var. gigantea (Fourwing Saltbush) · A. canescens var. laciniata (Fourwing Saltbush) · A. canescens var. linearis (Fourwing Saltbush) · A. canescens var. macilenta (Fourwing Saltbush) · A. cinerea (Grey Saltbush) · A. confertifolia (Shad-Scale Saltbush) · A. cordulata (Heart-Leaf Saltbush) · A. coronata (Crown Saltbush) · A. coronata notatior var. notatior (San Jacinto Valley Crownscale) · A. coronata var. coronata (Crownscale) · A. coronata var. notatior (San Jacinto Valley Crownscale) · A. corrugata (Mat Saltbush) · A. coulteri (Coulter's Saltbush) · A. cristata (Crested Saltbush) · A. cuneata (Castlevalley Saltbush) · A. cuneata cuneata (Castlevalley Saltbush) · A. cuneata introgressa (Castlevalley Saltbush) · A. cuneata subsp. introgressa (Castlevalley Saltbush) · A. depressa (Bittlescale) · A. dioica (Thick Leaved Orache) · A. drymarioides (Seashore Saltbush) · A. eardleyae (Small Saltbush) · A. elegans (Wheel-Scale Saltbush) · A. elegans var. elegans (Wheelscale) · A. elegans var. fasciculata (Wheelscale) · A. elegans var. thornberi (Wheelscale) · A. endolepis (Endolepis) · A. erecticaulis (Erectstem Saltbush) · A. expansa expansa (Silverscale Saltbush) · A. falcata (Sickle Saltbush) · A. franktonii (Frankton's Saltbush) · A. fruticulosa (Ball Saltbush) · A. gardneri (Gardner's Saltbush) · A. garrettii (Garrett Saltbush) · A. glabriuscula (Northeastern Saltbush) · A. gmelinii (Gmelin's Saltbush) · A. graciliflora (Slender-Flower Saltbush) · A. griffithsii (Griffith's Saltbush) · A. halimus (Mediterranean Saltbush) · A. heterosperma (Two Scale Saltbush) · A. hillmanii (Hillman's Silverscale Saltbush) · A. hollowayi (Holloway's Crystalwort) · A. holocarpa (Pop Saltbush) · A. hortensis (Garden Orach) · A. hortensis var. rubra (Mountain Spinach) · A. hortensis 'Burgundy' (Mountain Spinach) · A. hortensis 'Crimson Plume' (Mountain Spinach) · A. hortensis 'Golden' (Mountain Spinach) · A. hortensis 'Oracle' (Mountain Spinach) · A. hymenelytra (Desert Holly) · A. joaquiniana (San Joaquin Saltbush) · A. johnstonii (Johnson's Saltbush) · A. klebergorum (Kleberg's Saltbush) · A. laciniata (Cut-Leaf Saltbush) · A. lampa (South American Saltbush) · A. lentiformis (Big Saltbush) · A. lentiformis breweri (Big Saltbush) · A. lentiformis lentiformis (Big Saltbush) · A. lentiformis subsp. breweri (Quailbush) · A. leucophylla (Beach Saltbush) · A. lindleyi (Lindley's Saltbush) · A. littoralis (Grassleaf Orache) · A. longipes (Long-Stalked Orache) · A. maritima (Herbaceous Seepweed) · A. matamorensis (Matamoros Saltbush) · A. maximowicziana (Maximowicz's Saltbush) · A. micrantha (Two-Scale Orache) · A. minuscula (Lesser Saltbush)
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- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Real Jardin Botanico
- , Vascular Plant Herbarium
- International Plant Genetic Resources Institute(IPGRI), EURISCO
- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research
- , IPK Genebank
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, NSW herbarium collection
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Botany
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alaska Museum of the North, University of Alaska Museum of the North Herbarium
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn, inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 3873827
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-20538
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:163864-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 6017
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 20538
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 158677-3
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDCHE040V0
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: ATHOA
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 24395
- Bojian Bao, Thomas Borsch & Steven E. Clemants "Amaranthaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 5 Page 415. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Stanley L. Welsh "Atriplex". in Flora of North America Vol. 4 Page 226, 260, 268, 293,. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Atriplex hortensis". in Flora of North America Vol. 4 Page 322, 323, 332. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 220.750 meters (724.245 feet), Standard Deviation = 374.210 based on 1,337 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]